Khatanga Gulf

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Khatanga Gulf
Хатангский залив
Kara sea2KH.PNG
Map showing the location of the Khatanga Bay.
Location Far North
Coordinates 73°45′N 109°00′E / 73.75°N 109°E / 73.75; 109Coordinates: 73°45′N 109°00′E / 73.75°N 109°E / 73.75; 109
River sources Khatanga River
Ocean/sea sources Laptev Sea
Basin countries Russia

The Khatanga Gulf or Khatanga Bay (Russian: Хатангский залив) is a large tidal estuary in the Laptev Sea. It is relatively narrow, its length being 220 km with a maximum width of 54 km.

Geography[edit]

The Bolshoy Begichev Island divides the gulf into two straits: Northern Strait (13 km wide) and Eastern Strait (8 km wide). The maximum depth of the gulf is 29 m. The Khatanga River flows out into the Khatanga Gulf. The shores of the gulf are high, steep, and indented. The tides are semidiurnal reaching up to 1.4 m. The Khatanga Gulf is covered with ice most of the year.[1]

The shores of the Khatanga Bay are generally raised, consisting of low tundra cliffs, as well as sandstone and mudstone cliffs and sedimentation areas.

Since the administrative border cuts across this area, the northern and western parts of the Khatanga Bay belong to the Krasnoyarsk Krai, while its southeastern side belongs to the Sakha administrative region of the Russian Federation.[2]

The former settlement and penal colony of Nordvik was located by a north-facing bay on the Eastern Strait of the Khatanga Gulf known as Bukhta Nordvik.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Olga N. Medkova, Coastal morphology and erosion of the Khatanga Bay. AARI.
  2. ^ Administration
  3. ^ William Barr, The First Soviet Convoy to the Mouth of the Lena.