Khatra (community development block)

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Khatra
খাত্রা
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Khatra is located in West Bengal
Khatra
Khatra
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°59′N 86°51′E / 22.98°N 86.85°E / 22.98; 86.85Coordinates: 22°59′N 86°51′E / 22.98°N 86.85°E / 22.98; 86.85
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bankura
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 232.40 km2 (89.73 sq mi)
Elevation 89 m (292 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 117,030
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 722140 (Khatra)
722135 (Gorabari)
Telephone/STD code 03243
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-67, WB-68
Literacy 72.18%
Lok Sabha constituency Bankura
Vidhan Sabha constituency Ranibandh
Website khatrablock.co.in

Khatra is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Khatra subdivision of Bankura district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

From Bishnupur kingdom to the British Raj[edit]

From around the 7th century AD till around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur. The Bishnupur Rajas, who were at the summit of their fortunes towards the end of the 17th century, started declining in the first half of the 18th century. First, the Maharaja of Burdwan seized the Fatehpur Mahal, and then the Maratha invasions laid waste their country.[1]

Bishnupur was ceded to the British with the rest of Burdwan chakla in 1760. In 1787, Bishnupur was united with Birbhum to form a separate administrative unit. In 1793 it was transferred to the Burdwan collectorate. In 1879, the district acquired its present shape with the thanas of Khatra and Raipur and the outpost of Simplapal being transferred from Manbhum, and the thanas of Sonamukhi, Kotulpur and Indas being retransferred from Burdwan. However, it was known for sometime as West Burdwan and in 1881 came to be known as Bankura district.[1]

Geography[edit]

Khatra is located at 22°59′N 86°51′E / 22.98°N 86.85°E / 22.98; 86.85.

Khatra CD Block is located in the western part of the district and belongs to the hard rock area. There are picturesque low hills, locally called masaker pahar.[2]

Khatra CD Block is bounded by Hirbandh and Indpur CD Blocks on the north, Taldangra and Simplapal CD Blocks on the east, Raipur and Ranibandh CD Blocks on the south and Ranibandh and Hirbandh CD Blocks on the west.[3][4]

It is located 41 km from Bankura, the district headquarters.[3]

Khatra CD Block has an area of 231.82 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 7 gram panchayats, 86 gram sansads (village councils), 155 mouzas, 146 inhabited villages and 2 census towns. Khatra police station serves this block.[5] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Khatra.

Large forests areas exist in Sonamukhi, Joypur, Bishnupur, Khatra and Ranibandh areas.[6][7]

Gram panchayats of Khatra block/ panchayat samiti are: Baidyanathpur, Dahala, Dhanra, Gorabari, Khatra I, Khatra II and Supur.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Khatra CD Block had a total population of 117,030, of which 104,592 were rural and 12,438 were urban. There were 60,058 (51%) males and 56,972 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 13,434. Scheduled Castes numbered 30,947 (26.44%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 25,765 (22.02%).[9]

As per 2001 census, Khatra block had a total population of 102,582, out of which 52,582 were males and 50,000 were females. Khatra block registered a population growth of 14.73 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 13.79 per cent.[10] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[11]

Census Towns in Khatra CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Khatra (7,382) and Ledisol (5,056).[9]

Villages in Khatra CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Dahala (2,681), Dhanara (1,534), Gorabari (1,063), Supur (3,198) and Baidyanathpur (1,706).[9]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Khatra CD Block was 74,775 (72.18% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 44,342 (83.43% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 30,433 (60.33%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 23.10%.[9]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[3]

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali is spoken by around 10% of the population in the district. Some people also speak Mundari.[12]

Religion in Khatra CD Block
Hindu
  
84.08%
Muslim
  
2.78%
Christian
  
0.03%
Others
  
13.11%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 98,404 and formed 84.08% of the population in Khatra CD Block. Muslims numbered 3,254 and formed 2.78% of the population. Christians numbered 32 and formed 0.03% of the population. Others numbered 15,340 and formed 13.11% of the population.[13] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[14] and other religious communities.[13]

BPL families[edit]

In Khatra CD Block 46.87% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[15]

Migration has been observed in the following CD Blocks of Bankura district: Bankura I, Chhatna, Saltora, Indpur, Ranibandh, Hirbandh, Khatra, Raipur and Sarenga. Although authentic figures are not available, a sample survey has been done. According to the sample survey, around 54.5% to 85.4% of the families on an average migrate from these blocks. Another study shows that around 23% of the people from the under-privileged blocks in the western and southern Bankura migrate. Those migrating belong mostly to the SC or ST population. They migrate for periods varying from 15 days to 6/8 months. Most people migrate to meet their food deficit and go to Bardhaman and Hooghly districts but some go to Gujarat and Maharashtra as construction labour.[15]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

148 or 95% of mouzas in Khatra CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[16]

155 mouzas in Khatra CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 39 fertiliser depots, 10 seed stores and 37 fair price shops in the CD Block.[16]

Kangsabati Project[edit]

The Kangsabati Project consists of a dam across the Kangsabati in Khatra CD Block and three pick-up barrages – Shilabati, Bhairabbanki and Tarafeny.[17]

The Kangsabati Project, with a designed irrigable area of 153,462 hectares in Bankura district, covers 13 CD Blocks in Bankura district, 20 CD Blocks in Paschim Medinipur and 2 CD Blocks in Hooghly district. CD Blocks covered in Bankura are: Bankura, Bishnupur, Kotulpur, Joypur, Onda, Indpur, Khatra, Hirbandh, Raipur, Sarenga, Simlapal, Taldangra and Ranibandh.[15]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Khatra CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 3.69%, patta (document) holders 8.55%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 3.99%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 22.67% and agricultural labourers 61.11%.[16]

In 2003-04 net area sown in Khatra CD Block was 10,222 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 4,658 hectares.[18]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Khatra CD Block was 7,996 hectares, out of which 5,246 hectares was by canal water, 1,500 hectares by tank water, 600 hectares by river lift irrigation, 370 hectares by open dug wells and 280 hectares by other methods.[16]

In 2013-14, Khatra CD Block produced 22,770 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 9,222 hectares, 2,552 tonnes of Boro paddy from 973 hectares, 121 tonnes of wheat from 51 hectares and 694 tonnes of potatoes from 25 hectares. It also produced pulses and mustard.[16]

Handloom and pottery industries[edit]

The handloom industry engages the largest number of persons in the non farm sector and hence is important in Bankura district. The handloom industry is well established in all the CD Blocks of the district and includes the famous Baluchari saris. In 2004-05 Khatra CD Block had 404 looms in operation.[19]

Bankura district is famous for the artistic excellence of its pottery products that include the famous Bankura horse. The range of pottery products is categorised as follows: domestic utilities, terracota and other decorative items and roofing tiles and other heavy pottery items. Around 3,200 families were involved in pottery making in the district in 2002. 45 families were involved in Khatra CD Block.[20]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Khatra CD Block had offices of 7 commercial banks and 3 gramin banks.[16]

Transport[edit]

In 2013-14, Khatra CD Block had 7 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway railway station is 45 km from the CD Block headquarters.[16]

State Highway 2 (West Bengal) running from Bankura to Malancha (in North 24 Parganas district) and State Highway 4 (West Bengal) running from Jhalda (in Purulia district) to Digha foreshore (in Purba Medinipur district) cross at Khatra.[21]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Khatra CD Block had 118 primary schools with 8,882 students, 17 middle schools with 2,068 students, 5 high schools with 2,413 students and 11 higher secondary schools with 9,752 students. Khatra CD Block had 1 general college with 3,613 students, 1 professional/ technical institution with 100 students and 246 institutions for special and non-formal education with 5,686 students.[22]

Khatra Adibasi Mahavidyalaya was established at Khatra in 1979.[23]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Khatra CD Block had 1 hospital, 1 block primary health centre and 1 prmary health centre with total 125 beds and 23 doctors. It had 24 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 14,144 patients were treated indoor and 210,024 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[24]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b O’Malley, L.S.S. "Bengal District Gazetteers: Bankura". Bankura District Authorities. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "District Census Handbook Bankura" (PDF). pages 13-17. Directorate of Census Operations West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c "Khatra Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  4. ^ "Tehsil Map of Bankura". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  6. ^ "Official Website of Bankura district". Natural Resources - Forestry. Bankura District Administration. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  7. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Bankura District, West Bengal" (PDF). Forests. MSME Development Institute, Kolkata. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  8. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bankura - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 27 August 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Bankura District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  11. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  12. ^ "Bengal District Gazetteers: Bankura by L.S.S.O'Malley, first published 1908, reprint 1995" (PDF). Language p. 51-52. Bankura District Administration. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  13. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  14. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  15. ^ a b c "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page 27, Pages 237-244. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 8.2, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  17. ^ "Kangsabati Reservoir Project". Irrigation and Waterways Department. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page: 58. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page: 85. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Pages: 83-84. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  22. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 4.4. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  23. ^ "Khatra Adibasi Mahavidyalaya". KAM. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  24. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 3.1, 3.2, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2016.