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For the village in Iran, see Khatun, Iran.

Khatun (Mongolian: Хатан, Khatan, Persian: خاتون‎‎ – Khātūn, Urdu: خاتون‎ – Khatoon, Turkish: Hatun) is a female title of nobility and alternative to male "khan" prominently used in the First Turkic Empire and in the subsequent Mongol Empire. It is equivalent to "queen" or "empress" approximately.

Before the advent of Islam in Central Asia, Khatun was the title of the Queen of Bukhara. According to the Encyclopaedia of Islam:[1]

British Orientalist Gerard Clauson (1891–1974) considers "xa:tun" as borrowed from Sogdian "xwat'yn" (xwateen), in Sogdian xwat'y ('landlord, sovereign') and "xwat'yn" ('a landlord's or a sovereign's wife'); it is the precise wife'; it is the precise meaning of "xat:un" in the early period; cf. Pers.[2]

In Turkish, it is written as Hatun.

In Urdu, the word 'Khatun' is used commonly to refer to any woman. The female title Khanum is also used as a comparable to Khan.

Notable Khatuns[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Mernissi, Fatima (1993). The Forgotten Queens of Islam. University of Minnesota Press. p. 21.  "... Khatun 'is a title of Sogdian origin borne by the wives and female relatives of the Tu-chueh and subsequent Turkish Rulers ..."
  2. ^ Clauson, Gerard (1972). An Etymological Dictionary of Pre-Thirteenth-Century Turkish. Oxford: Ai the Clarendon Press. p. 602.