Khawaja Saad Rafique

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Khawaja Saad Rafique
Minister for Railway
Assumed office
4 August 2017
President Mamnoon Hussain
Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi
Preceded by Himself
In office
7 June 2013 – 28 July 2017
President Mamnoon Hussain
Prime Minister Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif
Preceded by Ghulam Ahmad Bilour
Succeeded by Himself
Minister for Culture
In office
31 March 2008 – 13 May 2008
Minister for Youth Affairs
In office
31 March 2008 – 13 May 2008
Personal details
Born (1962-11-04) November 4, 1962 (age 55)
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Nationality Pakistani
Political party Pakistan Muslim League (N)
Relations Khawaja Salman Rafique (brother)
Ghazala Saad Rafique (wife)
Alma mater Punjab University
(BA and MA)

Khawaja Saad Rafique Ahmad (Urdu: خواجہ سعد رفیق احمد‎; born 4 November 1962) is a Pakistani politician who is the current Minister for Railways, in office since August 2017. A leader of the Pakistan Muslim League (N), Rafique previously served as the Minister for Railways in the Sharif's third ministry from 2013 to 2017 and held the cabinet portfolio of Minister for Culture and the Minister for Youth Affairs briefly during the Gillani ministry in 2008.

Rafique is a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan since 2002, representing Lahore. He served as Special Assistant to Prime Minister for Youth Affairs from 1997 to 1999 under Sharif's second ministry.

Early life and education[edit]

Rafique was born on 4 November 1962[1] to Khawaja Mohammad Rafiq[2], who was a small-time businessman in Lahore and who was murdered in the early 1970s. The family blamed the crime on Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.[3]

Rafique enrolled at the M.A.O College[3] and made a transfer to Punjab University in 1982. He graduated with an BA in Political science in 1984, and later attained MA in Political science in 1986.[4]

Political career[edit]

Rafique started his political career as a student leader representing Muslim Student Federation, from MAO College Lahore in early 1980s, and later on joined the PML-N.[3]

In Pakistani general elections, 1997, Rafique participated in the elections on the PML-N's ticket and elected as the member of Provincial Assembly of the Punjab for the first time.[4] He was appointed as Special Assistant to Prime Minister for Youth Affairs by then Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif,[5] but his tenure was terminated by General Pervez Musharraf after the latter 1999 Pakistani coup d'état. He was among the PML-N leaders who confronted Musharraf in the absence of Nawaz Sharif.[3]

In Pakistani general elections, 2002, Rafique elected as member of National Assembly from Constituency NA-119 for the first time.[6] During the period, he served as president of PML-N Punjab.[4]

In Pakistani general elections, 2008, Rafique was re-elected as the member of the National Assembly for the second time from Constituency NA-125.[6] He was appointed as the Minister for Culture and Minister for Youth Affairs in the Gillani ministry[6] but he resigned after PML-N's went on to lead the Lawyer's movement to restore the judiciary.[4][7]

He was eventually arrested and imprisoned after calling for Musharraf's removal. He, along with party colleagues and lawyers, took to the streets calling for the resignation of the Musharraf and the reinstatement of judges deposed by him. He was also put behind bars for partaking in violent protests for the said purpose.[4][8] Among PML-N's leaders, Rafique was one of the activist who kept the PML-N alive during the Musharraf government.[4]

In Pakistani general election, 2013, Rafique was re-elected as the member of the National Assembly for the third time.[6][3] His wife, Ghazala Saad, was also allotted PML-N's ticket.[9] In June 2013, Rafique was appointed as Minister of Railway by the Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and took oath on 8 June 2013.[10]

He had ceased to hold ministerial office in July 2017 when the federal cabinet was disbanded following the resignation of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif after Panama Papers case decision.[11] Following the election of Shahid Khaqan Abbasi as Prime Minister of Pakistan, Rafique was inducted into the federal cabinet of Abbasi and was appointed Minister for Railways for the second time.[12][13]

Family[edit]

His wife Ghazala Saad Rafique has been a member of Provincial Assembly of the Punjab.[14] His brother Khawaja Salman Rafique has been a member of Provincial Assembly of the Punjab and is current Provincial Minister of Punjab for Health[15].

References[edit]

  1. ^ "If elections are held on time…". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  2. ^ "Detail Information". 19 April 2014. Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Ghumman, Khawar (7 June 2013). "Experience and loyalty count in the PML-N kitchen cabinet". Dawn. Archived from the original on 29 October 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Dawn.com (28 April 2013). "Khawaja Saad Rafique by Dawn". Dawn Newspaper, April 2013. Dawn Newspaper. Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2014. 
  5. ^ Jamil, Farah (7 June 2013). "26 member Cabinet to take oath today". Aaj News. Archived from the original on 21 January 2017. Retrieved 31 October 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Federal cabinet unveiled: Enter the ministers - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 8 June 2013. Archived from the original on 26 February 2017. Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  7. ^ Wasim, Amir (April 10, 2008). "Coalition move gathers momentum: President's impeachment". Dawn Newspapers, 2008. Dawn Newspapers, 2008. Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2014. 
  8. ^ "Saad finally on other side of bars". Dawn. 23 November 2007. Archived from the original on 13 October 2016. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  9. ^ Mahmood, Amjad (31 March 2013). "PML-N influential groups prevail: Workers 'ignored' for women's reserved seats". Dawn Newspaper, 31 March 2013. Dawn Newspaper. Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2014. 
  10. ^ Hussain, Tayyab (8 June 2013). "25-member cabinet takes oath". Pakistan Today. Pakistan Today. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "PM Nawaz Sharif steps down; federal cabinet stands dissolved". Daily Pakistan Global. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 28 July 2017. 
  12. ^ "New cabinet takes oath: Khawaja Asif foreign minister, Ahsan Iqbal interior minister". DAWN.COM. 4 August 2017. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  13. ^ "Pakistan Swears In New Federal Cabinet". Newsweek Pakistan. 4 August 2017. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  14. ^ "Punjab Assembly". www.pap.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  15. ^ "Punjab Assembly". www.pap.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 14 June 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Minister for Youth Affairs
2008—2008
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Minister for Culture
2008—2008
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Minister for Railway
2013—present
Incumbent