Kheda district

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Kheda district
Dakor Krishna Temple
Dakor Krishna Temple
Location of district in Gujarat
Location of district in Gujarat
CountryIndia
StateGujarat
HeadquartersKheda
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,299,885
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationGJ 7
Websitekheda.gujarat.gov.in

Kheda District is one of the thirty-three districts of Gujarat state in western India. Its central city, Kheda, is the administrative headquarters of the district.

History[edit]

Kaira district (1855)

Formerly known as Kaira district, it was divided in two with the southern part becoming Anand district in 1997.[1] The Charotar region of Kaira consisted of four talukas (sub-districts): Nadiad, Anand, Borsad, and Petlad.[2] When the district was divided, Nadiad Taluka went with Kheda district and the other three with Anand district.[3] Today, Kheda has eleven talukas.[4] Balasinor and Virpur, once in Kheda district, were moved to the newly formed Mahisagar district in 2013.[5]

During the Indian independence movement in the first half of the 20th century, the Patidars of the Charotar region and other areas in Kaira resisted the British in a number of standoffs, notably the Kaira anti-tax campaign of 1913, the Kheda Satyagraha of 1918, the Borsad Satyagraha of 1923,[6] and the Bardoli Satyagraha of 1928.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901524,392—    
1911514,019−0.20%
1921522,318+0.16%
1931568,276+0.85%
1941676,215+1.75%
1951816,050+1.90%
19611,018,911+2.24%
19711,277,630+2.29%
19811,566,361+2.06%
19911,798,282+1.39%
20012,037,894+1.26%
20112,299,885+1.22%
source:[8]

According to the 2011 census Kheda district has a population of 2,299,885,[9] roughly equal to the nation of Latvia[10] or the US state of New Mexico.[11] This gives it a ranking of 197th in India (out of a total of 640).[9] The district has a population density of 541 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,400/sq mi) .[9] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.81%.[9] Kheda has a sex ratio of 937 females for every 1000 males,[9] and a literacy rate of 84.31%. The divided district has a population of 2,053,769. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 98,686 and 37,310 which is 4.81% and 1.82% of the population respectively.[9]

Religions in Kheda district (2011)[12]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
86.71%
Islam
11.65%
Christianity
1.28%
Other or not stated
0.36%

Hindus are 1,780,801, while Muslims are 239,214 and Christians are 26,387.[12]

Language[edit]

Languages of Kheda district in 2011 census[13]

  Gujarati (97.14%)
  Hindi (2.01%)
  Other (0.85%)

Administrative divisions[edit]

Since 2013, Kheda district has been divided into eleven taluka.[4]

  1. Nadiad (city)
  2. Thasra (code 03878), city of Dakor, villages include Kalsar,
  3. Kapadvanj, villages include Abvel, Antroli, Ghadiya, Telnar
  4. Mehmedabad (Mahemdavad), headquartered in the town of Mahemdavad, villages include Haldarvas, Kanij, Sarsavani
  5. Kathlal, villages include Anara, Bajakapura
  6. Matar, headquartered in Matar village, villages include Asamali
  7. Mahudha, headquartered in the municipality of Mahisa, Mahudha, villages include Heranj
  8. Kheda, villages include Dedarda, Vavdi
  9. Nadiad (rural), villages include Davda
  10. Galteshwar (271.28 km2 [104.74 sq mi], villages include Anghadi, Kuni, Pali
  11. Vaso, headquartered in Vaso, villages include Palana, Rampur (Rampura)


Politics[edit]

No. Constituency Name Party Remarks
115 Matar Kesarisinh Solanki BJP
116 Nadiad Pankaj Desai BJP
117 Mehmedabad Arjunsinh Chauhan BJP
118 Mahudha Indrajitsinh Parmar INC
119 Thasra Kanitbhai Parmar INC
120 Kapadvanj Kalabhai Dabhi INC
121 Balasinor Ajitsinh Chauhan INC

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of Anand District". Gujarat Government. Archived from the original on 10 February 2015.
  2. ^ Heredia, Ruth (1997). The Amul India Story. New Delhi: McGraw-Hill. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-07-463160-7.
  3. ^ "Gujarat Administrative Divisions 2011" (PDF). Office of The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 October 2011.
  4. ^ a b "Taluka | District Kheda, Government of Gujarat | India".
  5. ^ "Seven new districts as Gujarat's I-Day gift". Daily News and Analysis (DNA). 14 August 2013. Archived from the original on 19 August 2013.
  6. ^ Satyagraha means the nonviolent resistance popularised by Gandhi. Gandhi, Mahatma K. (1951). Non-Violent Resistance (Satyagraha). New York: Schocken. p. 189–190. OCLC 606004619.
  7. ^ Heredia 1997, p. 10
  8. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Gujarat Distrct Census - Kheda" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.
  10. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Latvia 2,204,708 July 2011 est.
  11. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. New Mexico - 2,059,179
  12. ^ a b "C-16 Population By Religion - Gujarat". census.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.
  13. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  14. ^ Joshi, S. (1969). "Life against Death: The Poetry of Ravji Patel". Books Abroad. 43 (4): 499–503. doi:10.2307/40123774. JSTOR 40123774.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°45′N 72°41′E / 22.750°N 72.683°E / 22.750; 72.683