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Kheper dung beetle.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Scarabaeidae
Genus: Scarabaeus
Subgenus: Kheper
Janssens, 1940

Kheper is a subgenus of Scarabaeus: the typical genus of scarab beetles in the tribe Scarabaeini.[1][2] The genus name honors the god Khepri in the ancient Egyptian religion, who is depicted as having a scarab for a head.[3] Kheper can be found on the border between Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa in the arid sand dunes.[4] This genus of scarab beetles share a family with the oldest and most revered scarab beetles, the Scarabaeus sacer.[2]


  1. ^ BioLib (retrieved 23 August 2021)
  2. ^ a b Forgie, Shaun A.; Philips, T. Keith; Scholtz, Clarke H. (2005). "Evolution of the Scarabaeini (Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae)". Systematic Entomology. 30 (1): 60–96. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2004.00273.x.
  3. ^ Wilkinson, Richard H. (2003). The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. pp. 230–233.
  4. ^ Deschodt, Christian; Davis, Adrian; Scholtz, Clarke (2011). "New dung beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) taxa from arid south-western Africa". Insect Systematics & Evolution. 42 (3): 277–294. doi:10.1163/187631211X568173. hdl:2263/19586. ISSN 1399-560X.