Kherson Shipyard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ukraine Shipyards

There are actually several shipyards from Odessa to Mykolaiv, with Okean Shipyard as the biggest.

The Kherson Shipyard[1] (Ukrainian: Херсонський суднобудівний завод (ХСЗ)) is a joint stock company located in Kherson, Ukraine at the mouth of the Dnieper River.[2] The shipyard specializes in building merchant ships to include dry cargo ships, tankers, ice-breakers, container-ships, drilling vessels, and floating dry docks. In 1983, the shipyard delivered the impressive Alexei Kosygin class (named after Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin) of Arctic barge carriers (40,900  tons deadweight (DWT)).[3]

History[edit]

The city of Kherson was founded in 1778 on a fortress place, which protected the lands of Russian Empire from Turkish raids. Kherson’s proximity to the Black Sea initiated shipbuilding and people settlement in the estuary of the Dnieper river.[2]

In 1953 first Soviet tanker ships Kherson and Grozny completed in this shipyard.

Facilities and Services[edit]

The shipyard consists of two main production areas:[2]

  • Production Area No. 1 is where units up to 2,000 tons are formed in what is called the Large Unit Building to be further moved on to the building berth (two building berth lines, each 300 meters (980 ft) long).
  • Production Area No. 2 is where hull forming is carried out in a roofed building berth on two building berth lines each 240 meters (790 ft) long.
Length Width Draft Launching Weight
Area No. 1 180–185 meters (590½—607 ft) 25.5 meters (84 ft) 4.5 meters (15 ft) 10,000 tons
Area No. 2 140–160 meters (459–525 ft) 32.5 meters (107 ft) 4.0 meters (13.1 ft) 6,000 tons
3 Outfitting quays - - - -

The hull assembling and metal processing facilities performs pre-processing of rolled metal to include straightening, shot-blasting, priming, cutting, and bending. Specific capabilities include:[2]

  • Straightening and shot-blasting of rolled metal plates up to 50 millimeters (2.0 in) thick; the plasma and gas cutting machines can cut metal plates up to 16 centimeters (6.3 in) thick.
  • Bending of metal plates up to 50 millimetres (2.0 in) thick of all types and shapes, including shaped bends by profile gauge and frame work, bottom stamping of plates up to 10 millimeters (0.39 in) thick, with diameters ranging from 350 millimeters (14 in) to 800 millimeters (31 in).
  • Assembly and welding of flat sections sizing 16 meters (52 ft) x 25.3 meters (83 ft) and volumetric units up to 85–180 tons. Production of sections and units facilitated by using 5 to 125 tons overhead cranes and semi- and fully automatic welding equipment.

Notable Vessels[edit]

Notable Vessels
Imperial Russian Navy (1696-1917) • Soviet Navy (1917-1991) • Russian Navy (1991-Present)
Name Laid Launched / Completed Class (NATO) Type
Херсон
Kherson
1953 First Soviet tanker ship
Грозный
Grozny
1953 First Soviet tanker ship
Ленинский Комсомол
Leninsky Komsomol
1957 1959 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Металлург Байков
Metallurg Baykov
1958 1960 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Металлург Курако
Metallurg Kurako
1959 1961 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Юрий Гагарин
Yuriy Gagarin
1959 1961 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Металлург Бардин
Metallurg Bardin
1961 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Хирург Вишневский
Khirurg Vishnevsky
1961 1962 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Химик Зелинский
Khimik Zelinsky
20 March 1961 June 1962 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Физик Курчатов
Fizik Kurchatov
1961 1962 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Металлург Аносов
Metallurg Anosov
29 September 1962 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Красная Пресня
Krasnay Presnya
16 December 1962 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Трансбалт
Transbalt
29 December 1962 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Красный Октябрь
Krasnyi Oktyabr
23 May 1963 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Валентина Терешкова
Valentina Nereshkova
30 June 1963 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Равенство
Ravenstvo
30 September 1963 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Братство
Bratstvo
20 September 1962 29 December 1963 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Свобода
Svoboda
12 March 1964 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Академик Шиманский
Alademik Shimansky
27 June 1964 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Кремль
Kreml
28 September 1964 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Парижская Коммуна
Parizhskaya Kommuna
25 июня 1964 December 1965 / 17 December 1968 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship
Юный Ленинец
Yunyi Leninets
30 December 1964 Leninsky Komsomol class cargo ships General cargo ship

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Лрукищт Иршзнфкв>и щаашсшфд цуіишеу
  2. ^ a b c d JSC Kherson Shipyard public website
  3. ^ Norman Polmar, Guide to the Soviet Navy, Fourth Edition (1986), United States Naval Institute, Annapolis Maryland, ISBN 0-87021-240-0

External links[edit]