The Kheshgi or Kheshki is a Sarbani Pashtun tribe in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The kheshgi village in district Nowshera is divided into two regions called Kheshgi Bala and kheshgi Payan, on the basis of its altitude from the sea level i.e. Bala (above) and Payan (below). Bala region connect kheshgi to district Charsadda.kheshgi's of khurja in india are still connected to their ethnic culture
According to Pashtun genealogy, Qais Abdur Rashid, the father of the Pashtuns, begat Sarban, who begat Kharshbun, who begat Zamand tribe. Zamand had a number of sons, including Kheshgi, who is the founder of the eponymous tribe, another son, Muhammad, founded the Muhammadzai (Charsadda) of Charsadda. Their ancestral village is Kheshgi Payan on Nowshera-Charsadda Road, few kilometers north east of Nowshera in NWFP Pakistan.
Kheshgi migrated from Ghwara Marghay, Arghistan district, Qandahar but moved to Ghazni, then from Ghazni to surroundings of Kabul. Some people settled in Ghorband District, some moved from Kabul and settled on the bank of river Kabul in district Nowshera and some scattered to other different places such as Kasur.
Even in the 19th-century during the British administration of India, Kheshgi tribesmen were found in Kasur district scattered about the region and they call Kasuri Pathan. A more recent article also states that over the past few hundred years they have dispersed throughout South Asia, including the following places:
- Afghanistan: Darrah Ghorband, Ghorband District, Parwan Province.
- Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Dera Ismail Khan, Bannu, Lakki Marwat, Muhallah Kheshgi in Ghanta Ghar(Peshawar), Charsadda, Village Kheshgi itself in Nowshera and Hazarah.
- Punjab Province: Kasur, Tanda, BahawalPur, Bahawalnagar, Multan.
- India: Khurja
Culture and Society
Several British accounts state that the Kheshgi residing in Kasur hold pigeons in high esteem, for according to some Muslims they are a "Sayyid among birds", and killing them is hence forbidden.
- Hastings, E. G. G., Report of the Regular Settlement of the Peshawar District of the Punjab. Lahore: Central Jail Press, 1878. 80.
- Kheshki, Anas Parvez. "Kheshki." Khyber.org. Accessed 12 Oct. 2010.
- Crooke, William. The Popular Religion and Folk-lore of Northern India, Vol. II. Westminster: Archibald Constable & Co., 1896. 246.
- Rose, H. A. A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province. New Delhi: Nirmal Publishers and Distributors, 1997. 142.