Khingila I

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Khingila I
Tegin of the Alchon Huns
Portrait of king Khingila c. 440 - 490 CE.
Coin of younger Khingila, circa 440-490 CE.[1]
Khingila coinage
Khingila with the word "Alchono" in Bactrian script (αλχονο) and the Tamgha symbol on his coins.[2][3]

Khingila I (Persian: شنگل Shengil, Bactrian: χιγγιλο Khingil, Middle Chinese: 金吉剌 Jinjila) c.430-490, was the founding king of the Hunnic Alkhan dynasty (Bactrian: αλχανο, Middle Chinese: 嚈噠), a contemporary of Khushnavaz (fl. 484) in Khwarezm.

In response to the migration of the Wusun (who were hard-pressed by the Rouran) from Zhetysu to the Pamir region (Chinese: 葱嶺), Khingila united the Uar (Chinese: 滑) and the Xionites (Chinese: 狁) in 460AD, establishing the Hepthalite dynasty.

According to the Syrian compilation of Church Historian Zacharias Rhetor (c. 465, Gaza – after 536), bishop of Mytilene, the need for new grazing land to replace that lost to the Wusun led Khingila's "Uar-Chionites" to displace the Sabirs to the west, who in turn displaced the Saragur, Ugor and Onogur, who then asked for an alliance and land from Byzantium.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ CNG coins [1]
  2. ^ Rezakhani, Khodadad (2017). ReOrienting the Sasanians: East Iran in Late Antiquity. Edinburgh University Press. p. 199. ISBN 9781474400312.
  3. ^ CNG Coins

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Tegin of the Alchon Huns
Succeeded by