Khingila I

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Khingila I
Ruler of the Alchon Huns
HunCoinDerivedFromSassanianDesign5thCE.JPG
Portrait of king Khingila c. 440 - 490 CE on one of his silver drachms. Bactrian script legend: χιγγιλο αλχοννο "Khiggilo Alchono", with Alchon tamgha symbol Alchon Tamga.png[1][2]
Reign440-490
SuccessorMehama
Bornc. 430
Central Asia
Diedc. 490

Khingila I (Persian: شنگل Shengil, Bactrian: χιγγιλο Khingilo, Middle Chinese: 金吉剌 Jinjila; c.430-490) was the founding king of the Hunnic Alkhan dynasty (Bactrian: αλχανο, Middle Chinese: 嚈噠). He was a contemporary of Khushnavaz (fl. 484).

Rule[edit]

In response to the migration of the Wusun (who were hard-pressed by the Rouran) from Zhetysu to the Pamir region (Chinese: 葱嶺), Khingila united the Uar (Chinese: 滑) and the Xionites (Chinese: 狁) in 460AD, establishing the Hepthalite dynasty.

According to the Syrian compilation of Church Historian Zacharias Rhetor (c. 465, Gaza – after 536), bishop of Mytilene, the need for new grazing land to replace that lost to the Wusun led Khingila's "Uar-Chionites" to displace the Sabirs to the west, who in turn displaced the Saragur, Ugor and Onogur, who then asked for an alliance and land from Byzantium.

Coinage[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ This coin is in the collection of the British Museum. For equivalent coin, see CNG Coins
  2. ^ Rezakhani, Khodadad (2017). ReOrienting the Sasanians: East Iran in Late Antiquity. Edinburgh University Press. pp. 105–124. ISBN 9781474400305.
  3. ^ CNG coins [1]
  4. ^ Rezakhani, Khodadad (2017). ReOrienting the Sasanians: East Iran in Late Antiquity. Edinburgh University Press. p. 199. ISBN 9781474400312.
  5. ^ CNG Coins
  6. ^ CNG Coins

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Anonymous
Tegin of the Alchon Huns
430-461
Succeeded by
Mehama