Khirbat Bayt Lid
|Khirbat Bayt Lid|
|Arabic||خربة بيت لد|
|Name meaning||El Mughair=the caves|
|Also spelled||Khirbet Beit Lid|
|Area||5,336 (2,969 Arab, 2,220 Jewish) dunams|
|Date of depopulation||5 April 1948|
|Cause(s) of depopulation||Fear of being caught up in the fighting|
500 meters north of Khirbat Bayt Lid was El Mughair, which was described in 1882 by Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine as "a small mud hamlet, with caves. The water supply is from springs a mile to the west."
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Kherbet Bait Lid had a population of 206 Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 298 Muslim, in a total of 75 houses.
|Citrus and bananas||-||-||-|
|Irrigated and plantation||64||7|
In early 1948 the villagers grew fearful over news about fighting, and left for Beit Lid, where they had relatives, believing that they would return in some weeks. According to one villager, Husni 'Abd al-Latif 'Atawat; "They left all their belongings in Khirbat Bayt Lid. The Jews occupied it, and they could not return."
The kibbutz Nordia was established on village land in August 1948, while Ganot Hadar is situated 500 meter northeast of the village site, but not on village land. Benny Morris writes that HaYogev is close to the Khirbat Bayt Lid site.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 175
- Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village #189. Also gives cause of depopulation
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 21
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 75
- Morris, 2004, p. xxi, settlement #23.
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 550.
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 135
- Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Tulkarem, p. 28
- Mills, 1932, p. 53
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 126
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 176
- Esber, 2008, pp. 296, 321. Interviewed by the author in Zarqa, Jordan, in 2001
- Morris, 2004, p. xxii, settlement #148
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Esber, Rosemarie M. (2008). Under the Cover of War, The Zionist Expulsions of the Palestinians. Arabicus Books & Media. ISBN 0981513174.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.