Khojavend (town)

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Coordinates: 39°47′43″N 47°06′47″E / 39.79528°N 47.11306°E / 39.79528; 47.11306

Khojavend
Martuni
View from Martuni
View from Martuni
KhojavendMartuni is located in Azerbaijan
KhojavendMartuni
Khojavend
Martuni
Coordinates: 39°47′43″N 47°06′47″E / 39.79528°N 47.11306°E / 39.79528; 47.11306
Country De jure  Azerbaijan
De facto  Nagorno-Karabakh
Region
District
Martuni
Khojavend
Elevation 390 m (1,280 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Total 5,700 [1]
Time zone UTC (UTC+4)
Area code(s) (+374) 478

Khojavend (Azerbaijani: Xocavənd, Martuni (Armenian: Մարտունի)) is a town and the provincial capital of Martuni Region of the de facto independent but unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. It is located approximately 41 kilometers east of the republic's capital of Stepanakert. It has a population of 5,700 as of 2015. [2]

History[edit]

Martuni church

Excavations in Khojavand have uncovered a number of tombs dating to the Neolithic and Bronze Ages. Khojavand is also home to several ruined medieval churches and remains of settlements, and khachkars have also been preserved.[3]

During Soviet times, Khojavand was the capital of the eponymous district located in the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast. The population of the town, grouped into kolkhozes, largely occupied itself with raising livestock, grape growing, wheat cultivation, and gardening.[3]

Khojavend, and the district itself, became a frontline city during the latter stages of the Nagorno-Karabakh War. In early February 1992, Vazgen Sargsyan, the then Defence Minister of Armenia, appointed Monte Melkonian as Chief of Headquarters and assigned him to lead the defense of Martuni and the surrounding regions.[4] Melkonian, who remained as regional commander until he was killed in combat in June 1993, and the forces under him were able to halt and prevent the Azerbaijani military from occupying the district throughout the entirety of the war.

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Martuni is twinned with:

References[edit]