Khooni Darwaza

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Khooni Darwaza
Khuni Darwaza.jpg
Khooni Darwaza's history
General information
Architectural styleMughal-Afghan
Town or cityDelhi
CountryIndia
External image
Painting of the Khooni Darwaza

Coordinates: 28°38′10″N 77°14′28″E / 28.635974°N 77.241042°E / 28.635974; 77.241042 Khooni Darwaza (Hindi: खूनी दरवाज़ा, Urdu: خونی دروازہ‎ literally The Gate of Blood), also referred to as Lal Darwaza (Hindi:लाल दरवाज़ा, Red Gate), is located near Delhi Gate, on the Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg in Delhi, India. It is one of the 13 surviving gates in Delhi. It is just south of the fortified Old Delhi and was constructed by Sher Shah Suri.[1]

Location[edit]

Khooni Darwaza was situated on an open tract of land before the rise of modern buildings around it. It lies today on the Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg opposite the Feroz Shah Kotla cricket ground, which lies to its east. To the west is the entrance to the Maulana Azad Medical College. It lies about half a kilometre to the south of the Delhi Gate of Old Delhi.[1]

History[edit]

  • Emperor Jehangir who succeeded his father Akbar to the throne was resisted by some of Akbar's Navaratnas. He ordered two sons of Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana, one of the Navratnas, be executed at this gate. Their bodies were left to rot at the gate.[1]
  • Aurangzeb (Shah Jahan's son) defeated his elder brother Dara Shikoh in the struggle for the throne and had his head displayed at the gate.[1]
  • The gate is supposed to have seen bloodshed in 1739 when Delhi was ransacked by Nadir Shah of Persia.[2] However, this is also disputed - according to some sources, this massacre occurred at another gate of the same name located in the Dariba locality of Chandni Chowk.[1]
  • A few stories also refer to the place being called Khooni Darwaza during the Mughal reign but there is no record of any mention of the name before 1857.

The Khooni Darwaza (Bloody Gate) is first found by name in literature after three princes of the Mughal dynasty - Bahadur Shah Zafar's sons Mirza Mughal and Mirza Khizr Sultan and grandson Mirza Abu Bakht, were shot by a British soldier, Major William Hodson on 22 September 1857 during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 (also known as the Indian Mutiny of 1857 or the First war of independence. Hodson obtained the surrender of the Emperor, and the next day asked for an unconditional surrender from the three princes at Humayun's Tomb. Hodson arrested about 16 members of the Emperor's family and was transporting them from Humayun's Tomb in a bullock cart accompanied by a platoon of 100 "Savars" or mounted soldiers. On reaching this gate, he was stopped and surrounded by thousands of Muslims, with white cloth tied on their foreheads (a symbol for the shroud) Jehadis or Ghazis. Hodson later recalled, "I was surrounded on all sides by Ghazis as far as my eyes could see." It is said that Hodson ordered the three to get down at the spot, stripped them naked and shot them dead at point blank range. The bodies were then taken away and put up for public display in front of a Kotwali near Chandni Chowk.[1]

The Khooni Darwaza was an archway during the revolt of 1857 and not a gate in its traditional sense.[citation needed] It is often mistaken for the original Kabuli Gate of Old Delhi.[by whom?]

Post-independence[edit]

During the riots of 1947, more bloodshed occurred near the gate when several refugees going to the camp established in Purana Qila were killed here.[1]

Khooni Darwaza is today a protected monument under the aegis of the Archaeological Survey of India.

It gained more notoriety in December 2002, when a medical student was raped there by three youths.[3] The incident sparked much uproar and was also discussed in the Parliament of India.[4] Following the incident, the monument was sealed to the general public.

Architecture[edit]

The gate is 15.5 m (50.9 ft) high and built with Delhi quartzite stone. Three staircases lead to different levels of the gate.[1]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Smith, R.V. (2 December 2002). "Delhi's Khooni Darwaza... wicked as ever". The Hindu (newspaper). Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  2. ^ "The History of India: Coming of the Europeans". India Heritage. Archived from the original on 1 July 2006. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Yahoo news". Archived from the original on 10 November 2006. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Mention in Rajya Sabha". Archived from the original on 20 November 2004. Retrieved 2 January 2018.