Khoroshyovsky District

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Khoroshyovsky District

Хорошёвский район
Arena CSKA
Arena CSKA
Flag of Khoroshyovsky District
Flag
Coat of arms of Khoroshyovsky District
Coat of arms
Location of Khoroshyovsky District on the map of Moscow
Coordinates: 55°47′18″N 37°31′46″E / 55.78833°N 37.52944°E / 55.78833; 37.52944
CountryRussia
Federal subjectMoscow
Area
 • Total8.54 km2 (3.30 sq mi)
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)[2]
71,127
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[3])
OKTMO ID45348000
Websitehttp://khoroshevskiy.mos.ru/

Khoroshyovsky District (Russian: Хорошёвский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion) of Northern Administrative Okrug, and one of the 125 raions of Moscow, Russia. It is 6 kilometers northwest of the Moscow city center.[4] Central to the district is Khodynka Field, which, as an open space in the northwest of Moscow was long the site of agriculture, battles, celebrations and the first airfield in Russia. In recent years the district has seen large scale developments, including the Megasport Sports Palace, VEB Arena, the Aviapark shopping center, and the Triumph Palace highrise residential building. The area of the district is 8.54 square kilometers (3.30 sq mi). Population: 56,600 (2017 est.)[1]

History[edit]

The district's center, the Khodynka Field, takes its name from the now-filled Khodynka River, a former left tributary of the Moscow River just to the south.[5] During the Time of Troubles in the early 1600s, the field was the site of a battle between the forces of Tsar Vasili IV and those of False Dmitry II. Throughout the 19th century, the field was the site of public celebrations, ending tragically in 1896 when a stampede during festivities for the coronation of Tsar Nicholas II killed 1,389 people. In 1910, the first airplane flight in Russia occurred on the field, and Khodynka Aerodrome was established.[5]

The airfield attracted a variety aerospace industry to the district, including the Sukhoi Design Bureau and the Ilyushin Aviation Complex. The presence of open space in recent years has led to the development of major public facilities, such as the VEB multi-use arena ("Arena CSKA"), the Megasport Sport Palace (also known as the Ice Sports Palace on Khondynka Field), and Aviapark, which as of 2014 was the largest shopping center in Europe.[6] The district is also the home of the Triumph Palace, which at 57 stories is the tallest apartment building in Europe.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "General Information" (in Russian). Khoroshyovsky District. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  2. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  4. ^ Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 45», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 45, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  5. ^ a b "History of the District" (in Russian). Khoroshyovsky District. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
  6. ^ "Europe's biggest shopping mall opens in Moscow amid rouble crisis". The Guardian. Retrieved February 22, 2018.

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 55°47′18″N 37°31′46″E / 55.78833°N 37.52944°E / 55.78833; 37.52944