Khorramshahr (missile)

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Khorramshahr Missile.jpg
TypeBallistic missile
Place of originIran
Production history
ManufacturerDefense industry of Iran
Mass19-26 tons
Length13 m
Diameter1.5 m

Engineliquid fuel rocket
2,000 km with a 1,800 kg warhead
Maximum speed Mach 16[1]

The Khorramshahr (Persian: خرمشهر‎), named after the city of Khorramshahr in Iran, is a medium-range ballistic missile that was tested by Iran in January 2017. Its range is between 1,000–2000 km with a 1,800 kg warhead[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] and is 13 m in length.[10] Jane's Defence Weekly and Center for Strategic and International Studies stated that it is the Iranian version of North Korea's Hwasong-10.[11][12][13] North Korea sold a version of this missile to Iran under the designation BM-25.[14] The number 25 represents the missile range (2500 km).[11][15][16][17] Iran said it has decreased missile size over the initial version, thus reducing propellant mass and range.[18] Such a range covers targets not only in Israel, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, but even NATO members Romania, Bulgaria and Greece, if fired from Western Iran.[18] IRGC Commander of the Aerospace Division, Brigadier General Amir Ali Hajizadeh stated that the Iranian variant “has become smaller in size and more tactical,” which may explain the missile's decreased range. A second theory asserts that Iranian officials do not want to raise concern in Europe about their missile program, and thus are purposely underestimating the range.[19] The IISS's Michael Elleman said that Iran today likely has the capability to go beyond the original range of 1,000-2,000 kilometers with its Khorramshahr ballistic missile, though it chose to limit its range by putting a heavier warhead on it in testing.[20]

Due to the heavy payload, it has potential to carry nuclear warheads,[21] but it is uncertain whether it can carry multiple nuclear warheads due to their size.[22][18]

The Khorramshahr was first reportedly test-fired on 29 January 2017, flying about 950 km before exploding and again tested as of August 2020 with a small re-entry vehicle (RV) that extends its range and possibly its accuracy.[12][23]

The gas output from these rockets, range, warheads and rocket launchers are different. In Khorramshahr missile there is some small separated gas output from the big one in the center to control the missile without wings.[24][25][26] The gas output model of the Khorramshahr missile is more like the Hwasong-12.[27][24]

Brigadier General Amir Ali Hajizadeh, the commander of Aerospace Force of the IRGC, said that Khorramshahr is a missile with multiple-warhead capability.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Khorramshahr missile Retrieved 22 February 2020
  2. ^ Hilary Clarke; Shirzad Bozorgmehr. "Iran tests new ballistic missile hours after showing it off". CNN. Retrieved 2017-09-27.
  3. ^ "Iran tests new ballistic missile: state media". Retrieved 2017-09-27.
  4. ^ "Iran tests new missile after U.S. criticizes arms program". Reuters. 2017-09-23. Retrieved 2017-09-27.
  5. ^ "PressTV-Iran successfully test-fires new ballistic missile: Video". Retrieved 2017-09-27.
  6. ^ "Iran tests new ballistic missile: state media". NBC News. Retrieved 2017-09-27.
  7. ^ "Iran conducts successful test of Khorramshahr ballistic missile". UPI. Retrieved 2017-09-27.
  8. ^ CNBC (2017-09-23). "Iran successfully tested a new ballistic missile, state media reports". CNBC. Retrieved 2017-09-27.
  9. ^ "Iran Shows Off New Ballistic Missile At Military Parade". Retrieved 2017-09-27.
  10. ^ a b جهان|TABNAK, سایت خبری تحلیلی تابناك|اخبار ایران و. "توضیحاتی درباره مشخصات فنی موشک خرمشهر". سایت خبری تحلیلی تابناك|اخبار ایران و جهان|TABNAK (in Persian). Retrieved 2017-09-28.
  11. ^ a b "Iran releases Khorramshahr missile test video - Jane's 360". Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  12. ^ a b "Khorramshahr - Missile Threat". Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  13. ^ Trevithick, Joseph. "Iran's New Ballistic Missile Looks a Lot Like a Modified North Korean One". The Drive. Retrieved 2017-09-27.
  14. ^ "The Global Range of Iran's Ballistic Missile Program - Uzi Rubin". Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  15. ^ Majumdar, Dave. "Iran's New Missile That Has Donald Trump Steaming Mad: Born in North Korea?". The National Interest. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  16. ^
  17. ^ "Iran's Missile Test: Getting the Facts Straight on North Korea's Cooperation". 38 North. 2017-02-03. Retrieved 2017-09-24.
  18. ^ a b c Hilary Clarke; Shirzad Bozorgmehr. "Iran tests new ballistic missile hours after showing it off". CNN. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Khorramshahr - Missile Threat". Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  20. ^ Gambrell, Nasser Karimi, The Associated Press, Jon (31 October 2017). "Iran's supreme leader limits range for ballistic missiles produced locally". Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  21. ^ "FAQ after allegations of another ballistic missile test by Tehran - FDD's Long War Journal". 28 September 2017. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  22. ^ "In defiance to Trump, Iran unveils new missile capable of striking Israel". 22 September 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  23. ^
  24. ^ a b PressTV News Videos (2017-09-22), Video: Iran successfully test-fires new ballistic missile, retrieved 2017-09-28
  25. ^ prtrtur (2017-01-26), Hwasong 10, retrieved 2017-09-28
  26. ^ ali javid (2017-09-22), Iran Sacred Defense Week 2017 ballistic missile parade Khorramshahr IRBM موشک بالستیک خرمشهر, retrieved 2017-09-28
  27. ^ GloSecCom (2017-05-16), North Korean Hwasong-12 Missile Test, retrieved 2017-09-28

External links[edit]