Khosrovidukht

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This article is about Khosrovidukht the Armenian Poet who lived in the 8th century. For the Armenian Arsacid Princess and sister of King Tiridates III of Armenia, who lived in the 3rd century & 4th century, see Khosrovidukht (sister of Tiridates III of Armenia).

Khosrovidukht also known as Xosroviduxt (Armenian: Խոսրովիդուխտ, "daughter of Khosrov") was an Armenian hymnographer and poet who lived during the 8th century.

One of the earliest known women musicians, Khosrovidukht was recorded as having been a member of the royal family, but here accounts differ as to her historical importance. Some sources hold that in the 8th-century, her brother was abducted by Arabs of the Muslim faith. Following this, she was taken to the fortress of Ani-Kamakh, now known as Kemah, where she lived in isolation for twenty years.

Khosrovidukht is reputed to be the composer of a šarakan, or canonical hymn titled "Zarmanali e Ints" ("Wondrous it is to me"). According to some sources, it honors the memory of her brother, who was assassinated in 737 for converting to Christianity. Although the subject of the piece is secular, it was sanctioned for use in services by the Armenian Church. A recording of the šarakan exists, performed by the Sharakan Early Music Ensemble.

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Sources[edit]

  • Thomson, Robert W. Dumbarton Oaks Papers, Vol. 43. (1989), pp. 125–226.
  • Fowden, Garth. The Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 84. (1994), pp. 146–170.
  • Arzruni, Şahan. "Xosroviduxt [Khosrovidukht] (fl. early 8th century). Armenian hymnographer and poet". The Norton/Grove Dictionary of Women Composers. Julie Anne Sadie and Rhian Samuel, eds. New York City; London: W. W. Norton & Company, 1995. p. 506.