Hotan River

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Hotan River
Khotan River.png
The Hotan River is formed by the union of the White Jade and Black Jade Rivers in northern China.[1]
Chinese name
Chinese 和田河
Old name
Traditional Chinese 和闐河
Simplified Chinese 和阗河
Uyghur name
خوتەن دەرياسى

The Hotan River (formerly known as the Khotan River or the Ho-t'ien River) is formed by the union of the White Jade (Yurungkash) and Black Jade (Karakash) Rivers, which flow north from the Kunlun Mountains into the Taklamakan Desert in northern China. The two rivers unite towards the middle of the desert, some 145 kilometres (90 mi) north of the town of Hotan. The river then flows 290 kilometres (180 mi) northwards across the desert and empties itself into the Tarim River.[2] Because the river is fed by melting snow from the mountains, it only carries water during the summer and is dry the rest of the year. Prior to construction of the Tarim Desert Highway in 1995, the Hotan river bed provided the only transportation system across the Tarim Basin.[3]


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Khotan-Darya". 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica.
  3. ^ The Southwest Taklimakan Desert from NASA's Geomorphology from Space. Retrieved March 29, 2014.

Coordinates: 40°22′N 80°56′E / 40.367°N 80.933°E / 40.367; 80.933