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Khrabrovo Kaliningrad Airport
|Elevation AMSL||42 ft / 13 m|
Source: Kaliningrad International Airport
Khrabrovo Airport (Russian Аэропорт Храброво) (IATA: KGD, ICAO: UMKK), also appearing in historical documents as Powunden Airfield, is the airport of Kaliningrad, located 24 kilometers (15 mi) north of the city near the village of Khrabrovo. While it mostly serves scheduled domestic destinations, part of it is still a military base of the Russian Air Force.
In 1922, the joint Russian-German joint venture Deruluft started flights on the first scheduled international route, from Königsberg (Devau airport) to Moscow. During World War II the airfield was taken over for military use. After the war the airport was transferred to the Civil Air Fleet of the USSR in 1945, but military aircraft continued to be based at the airfield.
In the 1950s Khrabrovo was a major operating location for Ilyushin Il-28 (Beagle) tactical bombers, and at least one MiG-15 (Fagot) was observed at the airfield. At this time it was known as Kaliningrad/Powunden Airfield.
By the 1960s the airfield was regaining its use for civil air transport, and a Joint Air Squadron was formed in 1961. The use of "Kaliningrad/Powunden" by Western intelligence ceased after July 1962 and the airfield became known as "Khrabrovo". At that time, the runway was listed as having a length of 1920 m (6290 ft) with alert aprons and 20 hardstands, but no aircraft were observed.
In 1992 the enterprise separated from Vnukovo Production association and became an independent entity. The following year the first scheduled international flights began. The air enterprise was renamed "Kaliningrad Avia" in 1997, but fell into receivership in 2001. The airport changed ownership the following year and became a joint stock company. In 2004 the runway, apron, and navigation facilities were rebuilt. The new air enterprise was renamed KD Avia in 2005, with the new terminal opened in 2007. In 2009 KD Avia airlines ceased operation.
In July 2016, Novaport bought the Khrabrovo Airport from Aeroinvest. As part of Russia's preparations to host the 2018 FIFA World Cup, On July 2017 a new terminal was put into operation. In addition the airport infrastructure was modernized and this included the lengthening and reinforcement of the runway, the installation of new radiotechnical, lighting, and weather forecast equipment and construction of new aircraft parking spaces and a high-speed taxiway.
Airlines and destinations
The bus line No. 244э connects the airport with the Kaliningrad Main Bus/Railway Station.
- "Report on 2018 passenger traffic data from Kaliningrad International Airport website". Khrabrovo International Airport. 18 January 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- AIRFIELD ACTIVITY IN THE USSR AND SATELLITES (BASED ON(Sanitized)PHOTOGRAPHY), October 1957, CREST: CIA-RDP78T04753A000300040010-6, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC.
- MCI MISSION 9040 28-31 JULY 1962, April 1963, CREST: CIA-RDP78B04560A000700010048-9, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC.
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- UMKK. "News". eng.kgd.aero.
Media related to Khrabrovo Airport at Wikimedia Commons