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Type Flatbread
Place of origin Middle East
Region or state Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Palestine, Syria and Yemen
Cookbook: Khubz  Media: Khubz

Khubz, khoubz or khobz (Arabic: خبز‎‎, khubzun), the Arabic word for bread, is usually used by Arabic speakers to refer to the flatbread also known as pita that forms a staple of the local diet from the Arabian Peninsula to Morocco, it should not confused with msemen, another bread like diet that has its different properties and different constituents. That's why Moroccans normally talk about msemen when they mean that they talk about bread. But the opposite is not always upheld.[1]


Khubz was traditionally baked in a tannuur, and six recipes for khubz made in this way are included in Ibn Sayyar al-Warraq's 10th century Kitab al-Tabikh cookery book.[2]

In Iraq, khubz is produced as a round flatbread. As a result of the economic sanctions imposed on Iraq in the 1990s there was an increase in the making of khubz in the traditional way in a clay oven.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Source: My family is from Morocco/
  2. ^ "Welcome To Arabic Bread Website". Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  3. ^ Doug Smith (1 December 2007). "Iraqi bakeries make dough while they can". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 March 2011.