Khulna Division

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Khulna Division
খুলনা বিভাগ
Location of Khulna
Location of Khulna
Districts of Khulna Division
Districts of Khulna Division
Coordinates: 22°55′N 89°15′E / 22.917°N 89.250°E / 22.917; 89.250Coordinates: 22°55′N 89°15′E / 22.917°N 89.250°E / 22.917; 89.250
Country Bangladesh
Established1960
Founded byGovernment of East Pakistan
CapitalKhulna
Largest CityKhulna
Government
 • Divisional CommissionerMd. Shahidul Islam (acting)[1] [2]
Area
 • Total22,284.22 km2 (8,603.99 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total15,687,759
 • Density700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (Bangladesh Standard Time)
ISO 3166 codeBD-D
HDI (2018)0.641[3]
medium
Notable sport teamsKhulna Titans, Khulna Division
Websitekhulna.gov.bd

The Khulna Division (Bengali: খুলনা বিভাগ) is the second largest of the eight divisions of Bangladesh. It has an area of 22,285 km2 (8,604 sq mi) and a population of 15,563,000 at the 2011 Bangladesh census (preliminary returns). Its headquarters and largest city is Khulna city in Khulna District.

History[edit]

In British Raj Khulna Division was a part of Presidency division. Before 1947 The Presidency division had six major districts, Howrah, Culcutta, 24 Parganas, Khulna, undivided Jessore, & undivided Nadia. In 1947 The Partition of India is divided this division into two. The district of Khulna and the lion half of Jessore District and Nadia District become part of Newly established East Bengal. And rest of the district of the Presidency division become part of West Bengal. In 1948 The lion half Nadia district of East Bengal formed a new Kushtia District. And the govt of East Bengal added the Jessore , Khulna & Kushtia district into Rajshahi Division. After in 1960 the govt of East Pakistan , This three district from Rajshahi Division and one district from Dacca Division create new Division of Khulna. In 1993 the Barisal Division is formed from Khulna division.

Geography[edit]

The Khulna division borders to India by Presidency division of Indian State of West Bengal to the west, the Rajshahi Division to the north, the Dhaka division and the Barisal division to the east, and has a coastline on the Bay of Bengal to the south. It is part of the Ganges River delta or Greater Bengal Delta. Other rivers include the Madhumati River, the Bhairab River and the Kapotaksha River . The region also includes several islands in the Bay of Bengal.

The Sundarbans, the world's largest mangrove forest, is in the southern part of the delta.Khulna is in the northern part of the district, and the Mayur River is the western boundary of the metropolitan area.

Administrative districts[edit]

The division was formed in 1960.[4] Khulna Division consists of the following ten districts (zilas), subdivided into 59 sub-districts (upazilas):[5]

District Administrative
centre
Area in
km2.
Population
1991 Census
Population
2001 Census
Population
2011 Census
Bagerhat District Bagerhat 3,959.11 1,431,322 1,549,031 1,476,090
Chuadanga District Chuadanga 1,174.10 807,164 1,007,130 1,129,015
Jashore District Jashore 2,606.94 2,106,996 2,471,554 2,764,547
Jhenaidah District Jhenaidah 1,964.77 1,361,280 1,579,490 1,771,304
Khulna District Khulna 4,394.45 2,010,643 2,378,971 2,318,527
Kushtia District Kushtia 1,608.80 1,502,126 1,740,155 1,946,838
Magura District Magura 1,039.10 724,027 824,311 918,419
Meherpur District Meherpur 751.62 491,917 591,430 655,392
Narail District Narail 967.99 655,720 698,447 721,668
Satkhira District Satkhira 3,817.29 1,597,178 1,864,704 1,985,959
Total Districts 10 22,284.22 12,688,383 14,705,223 15,687,759

Economy[edit]

Most parts of the largest mangrove forest in the world — the Sundarban — is spread over the three most southerly districts of Satkhira, Khulna and Bagherhat.

Education[edit]

The division contains educational institutions including:

Universities

Public Universities

Private Universities

Medical schools

Public

Private

Colleges

Polytechnic institutes
Schools
Other educational institutes

Khulna has six integrated general and vocational (IGV) schools and one technical school of UCEP (Underprivileged Children's Educational Programs), which is a non-profitable organization.

  • UCEP Mohsin Khulna TVET Institute, Baikali, Khulna
  • UCEP Mohsin Khulna Technical School, Baikali,
  • UCEP Sonadanga Technical School, Sonadanga
  • UCEP M.A Majid Technical School, Fulbarigate
  • UCEP Khalishpur Technical School, Khalishpur
  • UCEP Johara Samad Technical School, Tootpara
  • UCEP Wazed Ali Technical School, Banorgati

The technical school is Khulna Mohsin Technical School, which is situated at 7, Junction Road, Baikali, Khulna.

Kushtia Zilla School, Kushtia is one of the best schools in Khulna division. In higher secondary level Kushtia Govt. College, Kushtia is playing the same role as KZS, and thus in Khulna division education level increasing day by day.

Transportation[edit]

Khulna Division has highest transportation link with other area in Bangladesh as well as with India by Road Rail and Air.

The national highway (N7) cross through Khulna Division which is connected Dhaka To Port of Mongla. The AH1 and AH41 also Cross through Khulna division. It also connect with India By Port of Benapole, Port of Dorshona , Port Of Mujibnogor, Port Of Bhomra through various Road link

There are several Railway route in Khulna Division which Connect various city of Bangladesh. It has also 2 international route which connect India by train.

There are two airport in Khulna Division. One of them is functional and one under construction. The Jashore Airport is the functional airport in Khulna Division which connect Dhaka , Chattogram and Cox Bazar By air. And the Khan Jahan Ali International Airport is now under construction.

Newspapers and magazines[edit]

Daily and weekly newspapers are published from Khulna Division, including:

  • Anirbhan[9]
  • Janmobhumi[9]
  • Khulna News
  • Lok Samaj[10]
  • Probaho[9]
  • Purbanchal[9]
  • satkhiranews.com[11]
  • The Daily Gramer Kagoj[10]
  • The Daily Spandan[10]
  • Tribune[9]

Points of interest[edit]

Sixty Dome Mosque - Situated in the suburbs of Bagerhat, at the meeting-point of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers, this ancient city, formerly known as Khalifatabad, was founded by the Turkish general Ulugh Khan Jahan in the 15th century. The city's infrastructure reveals considerable technical skill and an exceptional number of mosques and early Islamic monuments, many built of brick, can be seen there.[12]

The Sundarbans mangrove forest, one of the largest such forests in the world (140,000 ha), lies on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers on the Bay of Bengal. It is adjacent to the border of India's Sundarbans World Heritage site inscribed in 1987. The site is intersected by a complex network of tidal waterways, mudflats and small islands of salt-tolerant mangrove forests, and presents an excellent example of ongoing ecological processes. The area is known for its wide range of fauna, including 260 bird species, the Bengal tiger and other threatened species such as the estuarine crocodile and the Indian python.[12]

Lalon is Bengali Baul saint. Lalon Shah was a songwriter, social reformer, and thinker. He is most popular as Lalon Shah or Lalon Fakir. He wrote many songs, and these songs are known as Lalon Geeti. Fakir Lalon was born in 1774 and died on 17 October 1890 in Kushtia district, Bangladesh. He is known as the Baul Samrat.

Shilaidaha Kuthibadi is a place in Kumarkhali Upazila of Kushtia District in Bangladesh. The place is famous for Kuthi Bari; a country house made by Dwarkanath Tagore. Rabindranath Tagore lived a part of life here and created some of his memorable poems while living here.

1971: Genocide-Torture Archive & Museum - Rare pictures and paintings depicting the genocide of Bangalees by the Pakistan army hang on the wall. There is also a rich collection of books and audio-visual materials on the ruthless massacre against the unarmed people. The aim of the museum is to educate people, especially youths, about the genocide committed by the Pakistan army in association with their local collaborators, said Prof Muntassir Mamoon, chairman of the trustee board that runs the institution.[13]

Language[edit]

Bengali and English is the widely spoken language in Khulna division like its counterparts.

Notable persons[edit]

Shakib Al Hasan[14]
General SM Shafiuddin Ahmed, 17th Chief of Army Staff of Bangladesh Army
Firoz Mahmud, visual artist and educator
Michael Madhusudan Dutt who was a popular 19-c. Bengali poet and a pioneer dramatist

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.khulnadiv.gov.bd/site/officer_list/75b15e83-4121-4462-a185-0d62e0cdc16a/বিভাগীয়%20কমিশনার
  2. ^ http://pmis.mopa.gov.bd/pmis/Forms/divcommlist.php
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2021-07-08.
  4. ^ Sajahan Miah (2012). "Khulna Division". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
  5. ^ Census figures for 1991, 2001 and 2011 are from Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Population Census Wing. The 2011 Census figures are based on preliminary results.
  6. ^ কুষ্টিয়ায় হচ্ছে লালন বিজ্ঞান ও কলা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়. Bangla Tribune (in Bengali). Retrieved 2021-02-27.
  7. ^ "Khulna City Medical College Hospital". Khulna City Medical College Hospital.
  8. ^ https://www.facebook.com/icsk.official/[user-generated source]
  9. ^ a b c d e Mallik, Sandipak (2012). "Khulna District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  10. ^ a b c Siddiqui, Mahibullah (2012). "Jessore District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  11. ^ "Satkhira News".
  12. ^ a b Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  13. ^ "Welcome to the genocide museum". The Daily Star. 2017-03-24. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  14. ^ "3rd ODI: Bangladesh v Zimbabwe at Dhaka, Jan 23, 2009 – Cricket Scorecard – ESPN Cricinfo". Retrieved 27 October 2016.