Khumar Barabankvi

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Grave of Khumar Barabankvi, Karbala Civil Lines, Lucknow-Faizabad Road, Barabanki city
Khumar Memorial Academy (Library), K.D.Singh Babu Marg, Barabanki

Khumār Barabankvi (1919–1999) (Urdu: خمار بارہ بنكوی ) was an Urdu poet and lyricist from Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, India. His real name was Mohammed Haidar Khan, The word comes from the Arabic root 'Khum' which means a jar of wine.[1]

Early life[edit]

Khumar Barabankvi's real name was Mohammed Haidar Khan,but he wrote under the takhallus (pen name/ nom de plume) of Khumār, which means intoxication. The word comes from the Arabic root 'Khum' which means a jar of wine. He was born on 20 September 1919 in Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh. In childhood he found poetic environment in his family. His father Dr. Ghulam Haider wrote salams and marsiyas under pen name ‘Bahar’. His uncle ‘Qaraar Barabnkvi’ was a well-known poet of Barabanki who guided Khumar in young age and did Islah (Corrections) to his poetry. His brother Kazim Haider ‘Nigar’ who died in early age was also a poet. Khumar was an intelligent student and passed his high school from Government College Barabanki with distinction in many subjects. He then moved to Lucknow for his Intermediate classes where a romantic turn in his life made him to quit education and start poetry. Khumar Barabankvi had a melodious voice and soon became popular in Mushairas. He also got acquainted with Jigar Muradabadi and remained in association with him for a long period. His ghazals and voice made him favorites in Mushairas and became a shayar of world fame. Jigar Muradabadi and Khumar Barabankvi were known to guarantee for the success of any mushaira with their poetry as well as their melodious voice and style of recitation. Khumar was an ardent supporter of classical ghazal like Jigar Moradabadi. Though he had to face criticism from supporters of progressive movement in Urdu shayari but he stood firmly in favor of classical ghazals. Khumar has written some famous songs for Hindi films like Shahjahan, Baradari, 'Saaz aur Awaaz', Love And God (1986) directed by K. Asif etc. He was indeed closely associated with famed composers like Naushad, a fact not as well-known to many. He wrote all the songs for the film 'Saaz aur Awaaz' produced by Naushad in 1966 and wrote the songs again for the film 'Love and God' in 1986 for which Naushad again composed music.

Khumār died in 1999.[1]

Published Work[edit]

He got his work published as ‘Hadees-e-Deegaraan’, ‘Aatish-e-Tar’ and Raqs-e-Mai’.

Lyrics and Bollywood[edit]

In 1945 Khumar went to Bombay to attend a mushaira. Film Director A.R. Kardar and music director Naushad were present there. They listened poetry of Khumar and were impressed by his ghazals. Kardar who was making ‘Shahjahan’ with Naushad as music director, offered him to write few songs for his films and he agreed. Songs of ‘Shajahan’ film were written by Majrooh Sutanpuri and Khumar Barabankvi. Songs of both the writers became super hit. In Bollywood, singers like K.L.Sehgal, Mohd. Rafi, Talat Mehmood, Lata Mangeshkar, Shamshad Begum, Geeta Dutt Have given voice to his poetry. With his song ‘Chaah Barbad Kare Gi Hamein Maaloom Na Tha’ sung by Sehgal for film ‘Shahjahan’ released in 1946, he gained fame and recognition in Bollywood. In 1949, he wrote ‘Tum Ho Jaao Hamaare’ sung by Mohd Rafi, in ‘Roop Lekha’ and ‘Hasrat Bhari Nazar Ko Tera Intezar’ sung by Geeta Dutt and Zohra Khan in ‘Dil Ki Basti’. In 1951 Lata Mangeshkar gave her melodious voice for his song ‘Loot Liya Mera Qaraar’ for film ‘Hulchal’. All the songs of his film ‘Baradari’ released in 1955 were hit. The songs ‘Bhula Nahin Dena Ji Bhula Nahin Dena’ and ‘Tasveer Banata Hoon Tasveer Nahin Banti’ became super hits. His films include- ‘Shahjahan’, ‘Dil ki Basti’, ‘Roop Lekha’, ‘Adhi Raat’, ‘Meherbani’, ‘Halchal’, ‘Jawab’, ‘Rukhsana’, ‘Shahzada’, ‘Captain Sheroo’, ‘Mehfil’, ‘Menhdi’, ‘Qatil’ and many others. Though he was a successful songwriter, he always preferred to attend mushairas than devoting time to write lyrics for films. Besides this, he was annoyed with the falling standards of poetry in films, so he kept himself away from Bollywood for quite long time. On the insistence of music director Naushad, he agreed to write songs for K. Asif’s ‘Love and God’ but soon after he quit film industry and settled in Barabanki.

Selected poems[edit]

bujh gayaa dil hayaat baaqii hai

bujh gayaa dil hayaat baaqii hai ; chhup gayaa chaand raat baaqii hai

hal-e-dil un se kah chuke sau baar ; ab bhii kahane kii baat baaqii hai

raat baaqii thii jab vo bichhade the  ; kaT gaii umr raat baaqii hai

ishq main ham nibhaa chuke sab se ai 'Khumar'; bas ek zaalim hayaat baaqii hai

ai maut! unhe.n bhulaaye zamaane guzar gaye

ai maut! unhen bhulaaye zamaane guzar gaye ; aa jaa ki zahar khaaye zamaane guzar gaye

O jaane vaale aa ki tere intazaar men ; raste ko ghar banaaye zamaane guzar gaye

Gam hai na ab Khushii hai na ummiid hai na yaas ; sab se najaat paaye zamaane guzar gaye

kyaa laayaq-e-sitam bhii nahii ab main doston ; patthar bhii ghar men aaye zamaane guzar gaye

jaane bahaar phuul nahii aadamii huun main ; aa jaa ki muskuraaye zamaane guzar gaye

kyaa kyaa tavaqqo_at thii aahon se ai 'Khumar'; ye tiir bhii chalaaye zamaane guzar gaye

aisaa nahii ki un se mohabbat nahii rahii

aisaa nahii ki un se mohabbat nahii rahii ; jazbaat men vo pahalii sii shiddat nahii rahii

sar mein vo intazaar kaa saudaa nahii rahaa ; dil par vo dharkano kii hukuumat nahii rahii

paiham tavaaf-e-kuuchaa-e-jaanaa ke din gaye; pairon men chalane phirane kii taaqat nahii rahii

chehare kii jhurriyo ne bhayaanak banaa diyaa; aaiinaa dekhane kii bhii himmat nahii rahii

kam_zorii-e-nigaah ne sanjiidaa kar diya ; jalvo se chhed-chhaad kii aadat nahii rahii

allaah jaane maut kahaa mar gaii 'Khumar'; ab mujh ko zindagii kii zaruurat nahii rahii

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]