Khumi language

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Khumi
Khumi Chin
Native toBurma
EthnicityKhumi people
Native speakers
70,000 (2006–2009)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
cnk – Khumi
cek – Eastern Khumi
Glottologkhum1248  Khumi proper[2]

Khumi, or Khumi Chin, is a Kuki-Chin language of Burma, with some across the border in Bangladesh. A purported distinct coastal variety, Awa Khumi, turns out to be Mro.

Geographical distribution[edit]

Khumi proper is spoken in the following townships of Myanmar (Ethnologue).

Eastern Khumi (Khami) is spoken in the following townships of Myanmar (Ethnologue).

Dialects[edit]

Ethnologue lists the following dialects.

  • Khumi
    • Pi Chaung
    • Kaladan
    • Eastern Kaladan
    • Southern Paletwa
  • Eastern Khumi (Khami)
    • Nisay (Nise, Palyng, Tao Cha)
    • Nideun (Amlai, Ghu, Laungtha, Maru, Paru, Tahaensae, Taheunso, Uiphaw)
    • Lemi (Akelong, Aki Along, Kaja, Kajauk)
    • Khongtu
    • Likhy (Likhaeng)
    • Rengcaa (Namboi, Nangbwe)
    • Khenlak
    • Asang (Kasang, Sangtha)

The Kasang (also known as Khenlak, Ta-aw, Hkongsa-Asang, Hkongso-Asang, Asang, and Sangta) consider themselves as ethnic Hkongso, but their language is intelligible with Khumi rather than Anu or Hkongso (Wright 2009).[3] Kasang villages include Lamoitong and Tuirong.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Khumi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Eastern Khumi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Khumi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Jonathan Michael Wright. 2009. Hkongso Grammar Sketch. MA thesis, Graduate Institute of Applied Linguistics.