- This is about the Indian performer. For people so surnamed, see Khurshid.
14 April 1914
Kasur District, Lahore, (British India), now in Pakistan
|Died||18 April 2001
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
|Occupation||Actress, playback singer|
|Years active||1931–1948, then again briefly in 1956|
|Spouse(s)||Lala Yakub (not the famous Indian actor)
(married 1949–1963, later divorced)
Irshad Bhai Mian
|Relatives||Meena Kumari (Sister)|
Khursheed Bano (Punjabi, Urdu: خورشید بانو) (14 April 1914 – 18 April 2001) often credited as Khursheed or Khurshid was a singer and actress, and a pioneer of the Indian cinema. Her career ran through the 1930s and 1940s, before she migrated to Pakistan in 1948. Making her debut with Laila Majnu (1931), she acted in over thirty films in India. She is best known for her film Tansen (1943) with actor-singer K. L. Saigal, which featured many of her memorable songs.
Khursheed Bano was born as Irshad Begum in Lahore to Master Ali Baksh. As a child she resided in the Bhatti Gate area next to Allama Iqbal’s house. She was the elder step-sister of the Bollywood actress Meena Kumari.
Khursheed Bano started her film career with the screen name Shehla in the silent film Eye for an Eye (1931) the year when the first talkie film (Alam Ara) of the subcontinent was released. Some of her films released during this phase were Laila Majnu (1931), Muflis Aashiq (1932), Naqlee Doctor (1933), Bomb Shell and Mirza Sahiban (1935), Kimiagar (1936), Iman Farosh (1937), Madhur Milan (1938) and Sitara (1939).
During 1931 and 1942, she acted in films made by the studios in Calcutta and Lahore but though recognised as a singer actress, the films did not make an impact. Some of her films in the 1940s were Musafir (1940), Holi (1940) ("Bhigoi Moree Saree Ray"), Shadi (1941) ("Hari ke Goon Prabhu ke Goon gavun mein" and "Ghir Ghir Aaye Baderia"), Pardesi (1941) ("Pahley Jo Mohabbat Sey Inkaar Kia Hota" and "Mori Ateria Hai Sooni"). In Bhakta Surdas (1942) "Panchee Bawra", whose composer was Gyan Dutt became a very famous song of the 1940s. The other popular songs from the same film are "Madhur Madhur Ga Ray Manwa", "Jholee Bhar Taray Laday Ray', and a duet "Chandni Raat Aur Taray Khilay Haun" with K. L. Saigal.
Her peak period came when she moved to Bombay to act in Ranjit Movietone films with actors like K. L. Saigal and Motilal. She achieved immense popularity when she acted opposite the famous singer-actor K. L. Saigal in the Chaturbhuj Doshi directed, Bhukt Surdas (1942) followed by Tansen (1943) and was referred to as the "first of the singing stars". Her other two main lead stars were Jairaj, and Ishwarlal.
She acted in "Nurse" ("Koyalia Kahay Bolay Ree") in 1943. "Tansen" (1943), with music composed by Khemchand Prakash, was also a high point in her acting career. Her famous songs included "Barso Re", "Ghata Ghan Ghor Ghor", "Dukhia Jiara", "Ab Raja Bhae Moray Balam", and a duet, "Moray Bala Pun Kay Sathee Chela" with K. L. Saigal.
Her other famous films are: Mumtaz Mahal (1940) ("Jo Hum Pay Guzarti Hai", "Dil Kee Dharkan Bana Liya"), Shahenshah Babar (1944) ("Mohabbat Mein Sara Jahan Jal Raha Hai", "Bulbul Aa Tu Bhi Ga"), Prabhu ka Ghar and Moorti (1945) ("Ambwa Pay Koyal Boley", "Baderia baras gayee uss paar") with music composition by Bulo C Rani, Mitti (1947) ("Chhaai Kali Ghata More Balam") in 1947, Aap Beeti (1948) ("Meri Bintee Suno Bhagwan").
Migration to Pakistan
Her last film in India was Papeeha Re (1948), which was a great hit, prior to her migration to Pakistan, leaving her mark in the Indian film industry. Khursheed migrated, in 1948, to Pakistan after the independence, with her husband and settled down in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.
She worked in two films in 1956, Fankar and Mandi. Mandi was notable because of Khursheed and music composer Rafiq Ghaznavi, but because of poor handling of the film, the film was not a success at the box-office. The second film Fankar produced by Robert Malik, a physics teacher at Saint Paul's English High School, in Karachi suffered the same fate.
Khursheed married her manager Lala Yakub (not to be confused with the famous Indian actor Yakub), who was a small-time actor with Kardar Productions and member of the Bhati Gate Group, Lahore, Pakistan. Due to personal problems, she divorced Yakub in 1956. She married Yusuf Bhai Mian in 1956, who was in the shipping business. She had three children and had stopped working in films after her last film in 1956.
- Laila Majnu (as Shahla) (1931)
- Muflis Ashaq (1932)
- Hathili Dulhan (1931)
- Chatra Bakavali (1932)
- Nakli Doctor (1933)
- Mirza Sahiban (as Khursheed) (1933)
- Aankh Ka Nasha (as Shehla) (1933)
- Swarg Ki Sidhi (as Khursheed) (1935)
- Bombshell (as Khursheed) (1935)
- Sipah Salar (1936)
- Piya Ki Jogan (as Shahla) (1936)
- Kimiagar (1936)
- Ailane Jung (1936)
- Sitara (1938)
- Prem Samadhi (1938)
- Madhur Milan (1938)
- The Daughters of India (1939)
- Kaun Kisika (1939)
- Aap Ki Marzi (1939)
- Musafir (1940)
- Holi (1940)
- Shaadi (1941)
- Pardesi (1941)
- Beti (1941)
- Choti Ma
- Chandni (1942)
- Bhakta Surdas (1942)
- Tansen (1943)
- Dr. Kumar (1944)
- Shahenshah Babar (1944)
- Mumtaz Mahal (1944)
- Prabhu Ka Ghar (1945)
- Moorti (1945)
- Devar (1946)
- Phoolwari (1946)
- Manjhdhar (1947)
- Rangeen Kahani (1947)
- Mitti (1947)
- Aap Beeti (1948)
- Papiha Re (1948)
- Mandi (1956)
- Fankar (1956)
- Rishi, Tilak (2012). Bless You Bollywood!: A Tribute to Hindi Cinema on Completing 100 Years. Trafford Publishing. pp. 28–. ISBN 978-1-4669-3963-9.
- Nettl, Bruno; Arnold, Alison (2000). The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music: South Asia : the Indian subcontinent. Taylor & Francis. p. 525. ISBN 978-0-8240-4946-1.
- http://www.downmelodylane.com/khursheed.html, Profile of Khursheed Bano on downmelodylane.com website, Retrieved 26 June 2016
- Nevile, Pran (18 April 2004). "Remembering Khurshid" (The Sunday Tribune). The Tribune newspaper. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- Ashok Damodar Ranade (1 January 2006). Hindi Film Song: Music Beyond Boundaries. Bibliophile South Asia. pp. 331–. ISBN 978-81-85002-64-4. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
- http://cineplot.com//khursheed-begum-her-last-interview/, Khursheed Bano's last interview on cineplot.com website, Retrieved 26 June 2016
- Khurshid Begum at the Internet Movie Database, Retrieved 26 June 2016
- Rare Picture of Khursheed Bano: https://www.flickr.com/photos/rashid_ashraf/31525096131/in/dateposted/