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Khushab is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Khushab is located in Pakistan
Location of Khushab
Coordinates: 32°17′55″N 72°21′3″E / 32.29861°N 72.35083°E / 32.29861; 72.35083Coordinates: 32°17′55″N 72°21′3″E / 32.29861°N 72.35083°E / 32.29861; 72.35083
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab, Pakistan
District Khushab District
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 110,868
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Post code 41000
Area code(s) 0454
District Government Khushab Official Website

Khushab (Urdu: خُوشاب‎) is a city as well as a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan.[2] The word Khushab means "sweet water." Khushab city also serves as the headquarters of Khushab Tehsil, an administrative subdivision of the district Khushab.[3]

The city of Khushab is home to the Khushab Nuclear Complex,[4] a critical part of the Pakistan's Special Weapons Program, which has come under much heated scrutiny.[5]


The population according to the 1901 census was 11,403.[6]


"Khushab" is a combination of two Persian words: khush (Persian: خوش‎‎), meaning "sweet or tasty", and aab (Persian: آب‎‎), meaning "water". A common belief is that the Persians from the west first used the word khush-aab in admiration of the sweet and tasty water found in the historical city situated on the bank of Jhelum River. In time the city became known as Khushab.[7]

Khushab Nuclear Complex[edit]

On 21 March 2000, The Christian Science Monitor published an article written by Alexander Colhoun, in which a high-resolution aerial satellite photo revealed a nuclear reactor, Khushab Nuclear Complex and a missile base in the city of Khushab. These pictures had mixed views, one of the expression of power that could shackle or reshape diplomatic landscapes[8] of a region and another of the ethical question about the usage of satellite imagery in terms of privacy and national sovereignty of a nuclear-capable nation. The report was published at a time when American President Bill Clinton was due to visit India, and it sparked concerns worldwide. According to a more recent ISIS analysis of imaging, the Khushab Nuclear Complex has four heavy water reactors and a heavy water production plant. Moreover, the plutonium produced in this site as reported by a Pakistani official is prepared to build small, short range nuclear weapons such as tactical nuclear-tipped missiles.[9]


External links[edit]