Khushab District

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Khushab District
ضِلع خُوشاب
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Established July 01, 1982 [1]
Headquarters Jauharabad
 • District Coordination Officer Zia ur Rehman
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Tehsils 4

Khushab District (Urdu: ضِلع خُوشاب‎) is a district in the province of Punjab, Pakistan, with its administrative capital in Jauharabad. The district is named after the historical city of Khushab located within its boundaries. According to the 1998 census, the population was 905,711 with 24.76% living in urban areas.[2] The district consists of Four tehsils, Khushab, Noorpur Thal, Quaidabad and Naushera.[3] Khushab is home to the Heavy Water and Natural Uranium Research Reactor,[4] part of the Pakistan's Special Weapons Program.[5]


Inhabitants of the Khushab district speak a variety of Punjabi dialects,[6] including:

Pakistan's national language, Urdu, is spoken and understood by the majority of the population, whereas English is understood by people with a higher education background.


Khushab District was an agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. The Vedic period is characterized by Indo-Aryan culture that invaded from Central Asia and settled in Punjab region. The Kambojas, Daradas, Kaikayas, Madras, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas, Saindhavas and Kurus invaded, settled and ruled ancient Punjab region. After overrunning the Achaemenid Empire in 331 BCE, Alexander marched into present-day Punjab region with an army of 50,000. The Khushab was ruled by Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalites and Shahi kingdoms.[citation needed]

In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin. In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of the Punjab region.[citation needed]

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh Empire invaded and occupied Khushab District. The Muslims faced restrictions during the Sikh rule.[citation needed] During the period of British rule, Khushab district increased in population and importance.[citation needed]

The predominantly Muslim population supported the Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while Muslim refugees from India settled in Khushab District.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

Nuclear installations[edit]

On March 21, 2000, an article in the Christian Science Monitor claimed that satellite photos had revealed a nuclear reactor and missile base near the city of Khushab.[7] The apparent presence of a military nuclear capability raised concerns worldwide. On June 14, 2000 the Dawn newspaper alleged that the nuclear reactor and reprocessing plant at Khushab were producing 8 to 10 kilograms of weapons-grade plutonium per year for military use.


Khushab is situated between the cities of Sargodha and Mianwali, near the river Jhelum. The district capital is Jauharabad (founded 1953, pop. 39,477).

Khushab consists of agricultural lowland plains, lakes, and hills. Parts of the Thal desert touch the district, which has a breadth of over 70 miles (110 km) and is situated between the Indus river and the Jhelum river. The district is has reserves of salt and coal. A large number of its citizens are farmers. In the 1980s the district was designated as a tax-relief zone for new industries. This led to the establishment of many industries including cement, sugar, and textiles.

There are three lakes (Ochali, Khabbaki and Sodhi Jay Wali) in the district. Kanhatti Garden is the largest forest in Khushab district, near Khabbaki village in the Soon valley. Katha Saghral is a partially hilly area, noted for coal and salt mining. Khabikki Lake is a salt-water lake in the southern Salt Range. The lake is one kilometre wide and two kilometres long. Khabikki is also the name of a neighbouring village. Sakaser is the highest mountain in the Salt Range. Its summit is 1522 metres / 4946 feet high. It is situated in Khushab District but it can be seen from the adjoining districts of Mianwali and Chakwal. Ochali or Uchhali Lake is a salt-water lake just below mount Sakaser.


Khushab got the status of district in 1982. At the start,the district was divided into two tehsils, Khushab, Noorpur Thal. Later on Quaidabad was given the status of Tehsil in March 2007 [8] and Naushera (Vadi e Soon) became 4th Tehsil of District Khushab in March 2013. In local bodies delimitation 2000 (before to the creation of the Tehsil Quaidabad and Naushehra), it contained a total of fifty-one Union Councils.[9] In 2015, Punjab Government has introduced a new local bodies system which consists of Urban and Rural Area whereas in previous system there was no difference.

Khushab tehsil[edit]

In 2000, Tehsil Khushab was subdivided into Thirty Two Union Councils but in 2015, ten urban union Councils (Khushab 5, Jauharabad 2, Hadali 2 and Mitha Tiwana 1) transferred to Municipal Committees whereas six Union councils have become the part of Tehsil Naushehra. Now Tehsil Khushab has 21 Union Councils and 4 Municipal Committees / Corporations:[8][9]

Noorpur Thal tehsil[edit]

Noorpur Thal is subdivided into 11 Union Councils.[9]

Quaidabad tehsil[edit]

Quaidabad is subdivided into 10 Union Councils and 1 Municipal Committee.[8]

Naushera tehsil[edit]

Naushera (Vadi e Soon) is subdivided into 6 Union Councils and 1 Municipal Committee.



External links[edit]