Khushab District

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Khushab
ضِلع خُوشاب
District
Khushab District highlighted within Punjab Province
Khushab District highlighted within Punjab Province
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Established July 02, 1982 [1]
Headquarters Jauharabad
Government
 • Deputy Commissioner Amjad Bashir
Area[2]
 • Total 6,511 km2 (2,514 sq mi)
Population (2017)[3]
 • Total 1,281,299
 • Density 200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Tehsils 4
Website http://khushab.gop.pk/

Khushab District (Urdu: ضِلع خُوشاب‎) is a district in the province of Punjab, Pakistan, with its administrative capital in Jauharabad. The district is named after the historical city of Khushab located within its boundaries. According to the 1998 census, the population was 905,711 with 24.76% living in urban areas.[4] The district consists of four tehsils, Khushab, Noorpur Thal, Quaidabad and Naushera.[5] Khushab is home to the Heavy Water and Natural Uranium Research Reactor,[6] part of the Pakistan's Special Weapons Program.[7]

Language[edit]

According to the 1998 census the major first language[8] of the district is Punjabi, spoken by 96.8% of the population, while Urdu accounted for 1.5%.[9]:22

Nuclear installations[edit]

On March 21, 2000, an article in the Christian Science Monitor claimed that satellite photos had revealed a nuclear reactor and missile base near the city of Khushab.[10] The apparent presence of a military nuclear capability raised concerns worldwide. On June 14, 2000 the Dawn newspaper alleged that the nuclear reactor and reprocessing plant at Khushab were producing 8 to 10 kilograms of weapons-grade plutonium per year for military use.

Geography[edit]

Khushab is situated between the cities of Sargodha and Mianwali, near the river Jhelum. The district capital is Jauharabad (founded 1953, pop. 39,477).

Khushab consists of agricultural lowland plains, lakes, and hills. Parts of the Thal desert touch the district, which has a breadth of over 70 miles (110 km) and is situated between the Indus river and the Jhelum river.

There are three lakes (Ochali, Khabbaki and Jahlar) in the district. Kanhatti Garden is the largest forest in Khushab district, near Khabbaki village in the Soon valley. Khabikki Lake is a salt-water lake in the southern Salt Range. The lake is one kilometre wide and two kilometres long. Khabikki is also the name of a neighbouring village. Sakesar is the highest mountain in the Salt Range.[11] Its summit is 1522 metres / 4946 feet high and is situated in Khushab District.

Education[edit]

Khushab has a total of 1,001 government schools out of which 38 percent (379 schools) are for girl students. The district has an enrollment of 148,728 in public sector schools.[12]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Khushab got the status of district in 1982. At the start, the district was divided into two tehsils, Khushab, Noorpur Thal. Later on Quaidabad was given the status of Tehsil in March 2007 [13] and Naushera (Vadi e Soon) became 4th Tehsil of District Khushab in March 2013. In local bodies delimitation 2000 (before to the creation of the Tehsil Quaidabad and Naushehra), it contained a total of fifty-one Union Councils.[14] In 2015 delimitation of District Khushab, 48 rural union councils and 7 urban Municipal Committees have been created by the election Commission of Pakistan.[15]

Khushab Tehsil[edit]

In 2000, Tehsil Khushab was subdivided into 32 Union councils; but in 2015, 10 urban Union councils (Khushab 5, Jauharabad 2, Hadali 2 and Mitha Tiwana 1) transferred to Municipal Committees whereas six Union councils have become the part of Tehsil Naushehra. Now Tehsil Khushab has 19 Union councils and 4 Municipal Committees:[15]

Noorpur Thal Tehsil[edit]

Noorpur Thal is subdivided into 12 Union Councils and 1 Municipal Committee.[14]

Quaidabad Tehsil[edit]

Quaidabad is subdivided into 11 Union Councils and 1 Municipal Committee.[13]

Naushera Tehsil[edit]

Naushera (Vadi e Soon) is subdivided into 6 Union Councils and 1 Municipal Committee.[15]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Courts Khushab". , Retrieved 24 December 2013.
  2. ^ "Khushab – Punjab Portal". Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  3. ^ "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. 
  4. ^ Urban Resource Centre (1998 Census) Archived 2006-05-13 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Tehsil Codes" (PDF). 
  6. ^ Special Weapons Program of Pakistan (Federation of American Scientists)
  7. ^ South Asia arms race - is it paranoia? (BBC News).
  8. ^ "Mother tongue": defined as the language of communication between parents and children and recorded of each individual.
  9. ^ 1998 District Census report of Khushab. Census publication. 64. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000. 
  10. ^ Top-Secret Kodak Moment In Space Shakes Global Security, Christian Science Monitor (March 21, 2000).
  11. ^ "Sakesar a tourist spot". Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "Punjab Annual Schools Census Data 2014-15". Retrieved 19 August 2016. 
  13. ^ a b "Tehsil status -DAWN - National; March 24, 2007". archives.dawn.com. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  14. ^ a b Tehsils & Unions in the District of Khushab - Government of Pakistan Archived 2008-01-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ a b c [1]

External links[edit]