Khusro Khan

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Khusro Khan
Khusru khilji.jpg
Billon 2 gani of Nasir Ud Din Khusro Shah
Sultan of Delhi
Reign1 May − 8 September 1320
PredecessorQutb ud din Mubarak Shah
SuccessorGhiyath al-Din Tughluq
Bornunknown
DiedOctober 1320
Delhi, now India
SpouseDeval Devi[1]
HouseDelhi Sultanate
ReligionHinduism (reconverted from Islam) [2]

Khusro Khan (also spelled Khusrau Khan or Khusru or Khusraw Khan) was a medieval Indian military leader, and ruler of Delhi as Sultan Nasiruddin Khusrau Shah for a short period of time.

Origin[edit]

Hasan, later Khusrau Khan, and his uterine brother Husamuddin (or Hisamuddin) were born into a Hindu Kshatriya community called the Baradu, according to Amir Khusrau's Tughluq Nama. They were captured by Ayn al-Mulk Multani in 1305, during the conquest of Malwa.

After being taken to Delhi as slaves, they were brought up by Malik Shadi, the naib-i khas-i hajib (deputy royal chamberlain) to Alauddin Khalji (sultan 1296–1316). Both brothers apparently assumed the role of passive homosexual concubines, to maintain their status and position.[3] Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah (sultan 1316–20) reportedly had sex with both brothers. He apparently preferred Hasan as a partner but turned to Husamuddin whenever Hasan was not available. Their relationship was not a secret,[citation needed] and Mubarak and Hasan used to exchange hugs and kisses in public.[citation needed] Mubarak gave Hasan the title Khusrau Khan, several iqtas, command of the army of the deceased Malik Kafur, and made him a wizarat (minister of state).[3]

Early career[edit]

The conquest of the Deccan by the Delhi Sultanate began in 1296 when Alauddin Khalji raided and plunder Devagiri.[4] Later in that year, Alauddin subsequently murdered his uncle, the reigning sultan, Jalaluddin, and took his place as head of the sultanate.[5] Among Alauddin's subsequent actions, in 1309 he forced the Kakatiya dynasty of Telangana and Coastal Andhra to become subordinate to him.[6]

In 1318, Prataparudra II, the Kakatiya ruler, defied his masters in Delhi by refusing to send the annual tribute expected of him. Alauddin's son Mubarak Shah responded by sending Khusrau Khan, one of his generals, to the Kakatiya capital at what is now Warangal. Khan's force bristled with technology previously unknown in the area, including trebuchet-like machines, and Prataparudra had to submit once more to the sultanate. The amount of his annual tribute was changed, becoming 100 elephants and 13,000 horses.[7]

Brief rule[edit]

After Alauddin's death in 1316, Khusrau Khan managed to kill Alauddin's son and successor as sultan, Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah, ending the Khalji dynasty in 1320. Khusro then assumed the throne. He married Deval Devi.[8] He reconverted back to Hinduism.[9] Khusro in turn was captured by the governor of Dipalpur, Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq, after being defeated in the battle of Hauz e Alaai (Hauz Khas) and beheaded in Sept. 1320.[10]

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ Maurya, Sudheer. Deval Devi : eak etihasik Upnyas (in Hindi). ISBN 9788190786645.
  2. ^ Lieberman, Benjamin (22 March 2013). Remaking Identities: God, Nation, and Race in World History. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 9781442213951.
  3. ^ a b Banarsi Prasad Saksena 1992, p. 431.
  4. ^ Asher & Talbot (2006), p. 35
  5. ^ Jackson (2003), p. 56
  6. ^ Eaton (2005), pp. 17–18
  7. ^ Eaton (2005), pp. 18–19
  8. ^ Maurya, Sudheer. Deval Devi : eak etihasik Upnyas (in Hindi). ISBN 9788190786645.
  9. ^ Lieberman, Benjamin (22 March 2013). Remaking Identities: God, Nation, and Race in World History. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 9781442213951.
  10. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 88–89. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.

Bibliography

Preceded by
Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah,
Khalji dynasty
Sultan of Delhi Succeeded by
Ghiyas ud-Din Tughluq,
Tughluq dynasty
Khusrau Khan (1320)