Emperor Jahangir receiving his two sons, Khusrau and Parviz, an album-painting in gouache on paper, c 1605-06.
|Born||16 August 1587
|Died||26 January 1622
aka Shah Begum
|Occupation||Prince of the Mughal Empire|
Khusrau was born in Lahore on August 16, 1587. His mother, Manbhawati Bai (known after her marriage as Shah Begam), was the daughter of Raja Bhagwant Das of Amber (Jaipur), head of the Kachhwaha clan of Rajputs. She committed suicide on May 16, 1605 by consuming poison.
Khusrau's first wife and chief consort was the daughter of the extremely powerful, Khan-i-Azam, Mirza Aziz Koka. She was his favourite and bore him his eldest son, Prince Dawar, as well as his second son, Buland Akhtar (who died at an early age).
Khusrau had another son Gurshasp by an unnamed mother. His youngest son, Rastekar, was born to the daughter of Muqim, son of Mihtar Fazil Rikab-dar.
15 year old Prince Khusrau married Aziza Begum, daughter of Mirza Aziz Koka. He then married Azman Begum, daughter of Abdulllal Khan (son of Adham Khan). His next marriage was to his cousin Paira Begum, daughter of his aunt Najma Banu Begum (daughter-in-law of Princess Bakshi Banu Begum). He had 4 sons and 1 daughter:
- Dawar Baksh - 1603-1628
- Buland Akhtar - 1605-1607
- Shazada Gurshap - 1606-1628 (Subehdar of Assam 1617-1621)
- Shazadi Amina Begum - 1606-1677
- Shazada Ratekar - 1612-1628
Rebellion and aftermath
In 1605, the emperor Akbar died. Khusrau had been his favorite grandson, and Akbar had been deeply disappointed with Khusrau's father Jehangir. Perhaps due to this background, Khusrau rebelled against his father in 1606 to secure the throne for himself.
Khusrau left Agra on April 6, 1606 with 350 horsemen on the pretext of visiting the tomb of Akbar at nearby Sikandra. In Mathura, he was joined by Hussain Beg with about 3000 horsemen. In Panipat, he was joined by Abdur Rahim, the provincial dewan (administrator) of Lahore. When Khusrau reached Taran Taran near Amritsar, he received the blessings of Guru Arjan Dev.
Khusrau laid siege on Lahore, defended by Dilawar Khan. Jahangir soon reached Lahore with a large army and Khusrau was defeated in the battle of Bhairowal. He and his followers tried to flee towards Kabul but they were captured by Jahangir's army while crossing the Chenab.
Khusrau was first brought to Delhi, where a novel punishment was meted out to him. He was seated in grand style on an elephant and paraded down Chandni Chowk, while on both sides of the narrow street, the noblemen and barons who had supported him were held at knife-point on raised platforms. As the elephant approached each such platform, the luckless supporter was impaled on a stake (through his bowels), while Khusrau was compelled to watch the grisly sight and listen to the screams and pleas of those who had supported him. This was repeated numerous times through the entire length of Chandni Chowk.
Khusrau was then blinded (in 1607) and imprisoned in Agra. However, his eyesight was never completely lost. In 1616, he was handed over to Asaf Khan, the brother of his step-mother Noor Jehan. In 1620, he was handed over to his younger brother Prince Khurram (later known as emperor Shah Jahan), who incidentally was Asaf Khan's son-in-law. In 1622, Khusrau was killed on the orders of his Prince Khurram.
On Jumada-l awwal 2, 1037 AH (December 30, 1627), Shah Jahan was proclaimed as the emperor at Lahore. On Jumada-l awwal 26, 1037 AH (January 23, 1628), Dawar, his brother Garshasp, uncle Shahryar, as well as Tahmuras and Hoshang, sons of the deceased Prince Daniyal, were all put to death by Asaf Khan, who was ordered by Shah Jahan to send them "out of the world", which he faithfully carried out.
- Mughla title Mirza, the title of Mirza and not Khan or Padshah, which were the titles of the Mongol rulers.
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