Khuza'a, Khan Yunis

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Khuza'a
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic خُزاعة
 • Also spelled Khuzaa (official)
Khuza'a is located in the Palestinian territories
Khuza'a
Khuza'a
Location of Khuza'a within Palestine
Coordinates: 31°18′25″N 34°21′40″E / 31.30694°N 34.36111°E / 31.30694; 34.36111Coordinates: 31°18′25″N 34°21′40″E / 31.30694°N 34.36111°E / 31.30694; 34.36111
Governorate Khan Yunis
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Head of Municipality Shihda Abou-Rouk[1]
Area
 • Jurisdiction 7,842 dunams (7.8 km2 or 3.0 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 9,700
Name meaning 31°18′25″N 34°21′40″E

Khuza'a (Arabic: خزاعة‎) is a Palestinian town in the Khan Yunis Governorate in the southern Gaza Strip. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Khuza'a had a population of 9,700 inhabitants.[2]

The town of Khuza'a is around 500 metres from the border with Israel.

History[edit]

In 1945, Khuza'a (named Khirbat Ikhzaa), had a population of 990, all Arabs, with 8,179 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[3] Of this, 7,987 dunams were used for cereals,[4] while 8 dunams were built-up land.[5]

Allegations of war crimes in the 2008–09 war[edit]

The Observer collected allegations from residents that during the 2008–09 Gaza War, the Israeli military bulldozed houses in Khuza'a with civilians still inside and that civilians were shot despite carrying white flags. B'Tselem collected accounts from residents consistent with what The Observer reported.[6]

Bruno Stevens, a Western journalist who was among the first to get access to Gaza, reported that white phosphorus was used in the shelling of houses. Stevens reported "What I can tell you is that many, many houses were shelled and that they used white phosphorus" and that "it appears to have been indiscriminate".[6]

Killings and destruction of most homes in the 2014 war[edit]

During the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict, most of the over 500 houses were destroyed when the Israeli military went in with their tanks.[7]

Dozens of civilians were fired on and killed by the Israeli army during the ground offensive, according to human right groups, which some called "apparent violations of the laws of war". Witnesses said they were used as human shields by Israeli soldiers.[8]

Helsingborgs Dagblad reported that the 5,000 residents fled after warning leaflets were dropped and most took refuge in UNRWA schools.[7] Many residents were trapped because of Israeli shelling.[8][9] Several Israeli soldiers said they were told Hamas had threatened to kill civilians who left their homes but this was "strongly denied" by more than a dozen residents of the town, who said Israel did not let them leave the fighting. Israeli soldiers said they, per instructions, fired warning shots to anyone who came close to them and then killed if they came closer. They also blamed Hamas' tactics, which they thought "made it impossible to determine who was or was not a threat". However, more than a dozen of Khuza'a residents, along with many more interviewed by human rights groups, said Israeli soldiers deliberately targeted them and their neighbors while they tried to flee.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Local elections (round one) - the winners according to local authority, gender and No. of votes obtained Higher Commission for Local Elections, pp.51-52
  2. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Khan Yunis Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006
  3. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 46
  4. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 87
  5. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 137
  6. ^ a b Fida Qishta in Khuza'a and Peter Beaumont, Israel accused of war crimes over 12-hour assault on Gaza village, The Observer, 18 January 2009.
  7. ^ a b "Pengarna som försvann". Helsingborgs Dagblad (in Swedish). 1 February 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Israel's attacks in Gaza town 'a war crime'". Al Jazeera. 11 August 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "What really happened in the battle of Khuzaa, Gaza?". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. 4 September 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]