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Other scholars[who?] believe that "Khvalisy" refers to Khazaran, the twin city of Atil, (the capital of the Khazar Khaganate) and that the term derives from the Khwarazmians who formed a part of the Khazar army (see Arsiyah).
- Khvalynsk - a Russian town whose name may derive from the same root
- Karpov, A. J.: "Genealogija chvalisov i bolgar v letopisnoj stat'e 1096 g." Archiv russkoj istorii. Vypusk 4, 1994. - 7-26
- Omeljan Pritsak, "An Arabic Text on the Trade Route of the Corporation of Ar-Rus in the Second Half of the Ninth Century," Folia Orientalia 12 (1970): 257).