|• Total||43 km2 (17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||199 m (653 ft)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+380 4565|
Fastiv (Ukrainian: Фа́стів, Fastiv; Russian: Fastov) is a city located in the Kiev Oblast (province) in central Ukraine. Administratively, it is incorporated as a town of oblast significance. It also serves as the administrative center of the Fastiv Raion (district), which it does not belong to. Population: 48,237 (2013 est.).
Lying on conjunction of railway lines, Fastiv is an important node station on the rail route from central Europe to Russia and Asia. Brewing and machinery industry are also present, although the majority of inhabitants are employed by the Ukrzaliznytsia's 12 railway installations in the city.
Fastiv is a historical city that survived through Cossack uprisings and the Great Turkish War with the period of total devastation and later resettlement. Landmarks of those times include Pokrovska Tserkva - a 17th-century Orthodox church, also known as Paliy Church (after the Cossack leader Semen Paliy). There is also an early 20th-century Catholic church.
In September 1919, a pogrom of the Jewish population of Fastiv was carried out by Denikin's White Army forces; about 1,800 people were murdered and about 8,000 died in the following year from wounds or epidemics. In 1941 the German Einsatzgruppe C under Paul Blobel murdered all Fastiv Jews between the ages of 12 and 60.
Fastiv's brewery by the Unava River in early 20th-century (postcard).
- Ephraim Sklyansky (1892 - 1925), Soviet statesman and trotskyist.
- Jan Koum, CEO and co-founder of WhatsApp (with Brian Acton), a mobile messaging application which was acquired by Facebook Inc. in February 2014 for US$19 Billion.
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "The Murder of a Race". The Nation. 114. 8 March 1922.
- Yitzhak Arad (ed.): The Einsatzgruppen Reports. New York 1989, p. 129
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