Khvoyninsky District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Khvoyninsky District
Хвойнинский район (Russian)
Location of Khvoyninsky District (Novgorod Oblast).svg
Location of Khvoyninsky District in Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates: 58°54′N 34°30′E / 58.900°N 34.500°E / 58.900; 34.500Coordinates: 58°54′N 34°30′E / 58.900°N 34.500°E / 58.900; 34.500
Coat of Arms of Khvoyninsky district.png
Coat of arms
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Novgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of April 2012)
Administrative center work settlement of Khvoynaya[1]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Urban-type settlements 1
Settlements 10
Inhabited localities:[2]
Urban-type settlements[3] 1
Rural localities 150
Municipal structure (as of March 2010)
Municipally incorporated as Khvoyninsky Municipal District[4]
Municipal divisions:[4]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 10
Statistics
Area 3,200 km2 (1,200 sq mi)[5]
Population (2010 Census) 15,552 inhabitants[6]
• Urban 41.1%
• Rural 58.9%
Density 4.86/km2 (12.6/sq mi)[7]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[8]
Established October 1, 1927[9]
Previous names Minetsky District (until June 8, 1931)[10]
Official website
Khvoyninsky District on WikiCommons

Khvoyninsky District (Russian: Хвойнинский район) is an administrative[1] and municipal[4] district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast and borders with Boksitogorsky District of Leningrad Oblast in the north, Chagodoshchensky District of Vologda Oblast in the northeast, Pestovsky District in the southeast, Moshenskoy District in the south, Borovichsky District in the southwest, and with Lyubytinsky District in the west. The area of the district is 3,200 square kilometers (1,200 sq mi).[5] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a work settlement) of Khvoynaya.[1] Population: 15,552 (2010 Census);[6] 17,173 (2002 Census);[11] 19,649 (1989 Census).[12] The population of Khvoynaya accounts for 41.1% of the district's total population.[6]

Geography[edit]

Almost the whole area of the district lies in the basin of the Mologa River. The Kobozha, a major left tributary of the Mologa, crosses the district from south to north. The Pes flows through the center of the district and into Vologda Oblast, where it joins the Chagodoshcha, another major tributary of the Mologa. The rivers in the southwestern part of the district drain into the Uver, a right tributary of the Msta. The district is thus divided between the basins of the Atlantic Ocean and the Caspian Sea.

There are many lakes in the district, especially in the southwest. The biggest ones are Lakes Gorodno, Yamnoye, Vidimirskoye, and Igor. Lake Igor is shared with Moshenskoy District.

History[edit]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off. In 1776, the area was transferred to Novgorod Viceroyalty. In 1796, the viceroyalty was abolished, and the area, which was part of Borovichsky Uyezd, was transferred to Novgorod Governorate.

In August 1927, the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Minetsky District, with the administrative center in the selo of Mintsy,[10] was established within Borovichi Okrug of Leningrad Oblast effective October 1, 1927.[9] It included Kusheverskaya and Minetskaya Volosts, and a part of Konehanskaya Volost of Borovichsky Uyezd of Novgorod Governorate, as well as a part of Anisimovskaya Volost of Tikhvinsky Uyezd of Cherepovets Governorate.[10] On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[13] On June 8, 1931, the district's administrative center was transferred to the railway station of Khvoynaya, and the district was renamed Khvoyninsky.[10] On January 1, 1932, a part of abolished Konchansky[14] and Pikalyovsky Districts[10] was merged into Khvoyninsky District. On July 5, 1944, Khvoyninsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast,[10] where it remained ever since with a brief interruption between 1963 and 1965. In the course of the abortive administrative reform by Nikita Khrushchev, the district was abolished on December 10, 1962 and merged into Pestovsky Rural District.[15] On December 22, 1962, Khvoyninsky Industrial District was established.[15] On December 11, 1964, Pestovo was granted town status.[15] On January 12, 1965, a part of Khvoyninsky Industrial District was transferred to Lyubytinsky District and the rest was transformed into a regular district.[15] On January 14, 1965, most of the rural territories transferred in 1962 to Pestovsky Rural District were returned to Khvoyninsky District.[15] On August 27, 1965, several inhabited localities of Khvoyninsky District were transferred to Moshenskoy District.[15] On April 13, 1967, several inhabited localities of Lyubytinsky District were transferred to Khvoyninsky District.[15]

Abolished districts[edit]

Effective October 1, 1927,[9] Konchansky District with the administrative center in the selo of Konchanskoye was established as a part of Borovichi Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[14] On January 1, 1932, Konchansky District was abolished and split between Borovichsky, Moshenskoy, and Khvoyninsky Districts.[14]

Another district established in 1927 as a part of Leningrad Okrug of Leningrad Oblast was Pikalyovsky District, with the administrative center in the selo of Pikalyovo.[16] On January 1, 1932, Pikalyovsky District was abolished and split between Khvoyninsky,[10] Yefimovsky, Tikhvinsky, Dregelsky, and Kapshinsky Districts.

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There are enterprises of timber industry and food industry in the district.[17]

Agriculture[edit]

The agriculture within the district mostly specializes in cattle breeding.

Transportation[edit]

The railroad connecting Sonkovo and Mga crosses the district. The main railway station is Khvoynaya. The Kushaverskoye peat narrow gauge railway for hauling peat operates in the district.

In Kabozha, another railway branches off to the north. It passes through Chagoda and runs to Podborovye in Leningrad Oblast, which is located on the line connecting Saint Petersburg to Vologda via Cherepovets.

Roads connect Khvoynaya to Borovichi and Lyubytino. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains 5 cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally 146 objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[18] Four of the five federal monuments are archaeological sites, and the fifth one is the Church of St. John the Warrior in the selo of Migoloshchi.

The only museum in the district, the Khvoyninsky District Museum, is located in Khvoynaya.[19]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #559-OZ
  2. ^ Resolution #121
  3. ^ The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  4. ^ a b c Law #396-OZ
  5. ^ a b Хвойнинский район (in Russian). Путешествие по Новгородскому краю. Retrieved June 1, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  7. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value is only approximate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  8. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  9. ^ a b c Snytko et al., p. 85
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Snytko et al., pp. 141–143
  11. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  13. ^ Snytko et al., pp. 87–88
  14. ^ a b c Snytko et al., pp. 105–106
  15. ^ a b c d e f g Snytko et al., pp. 238–240
  16. ^ Пикалевский район (август 1927 г. - январь 1932 г.) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved January 15, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Хвойная". vnovgorod.info. 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2012. 
  18. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
  19. ^ Хвойнинский краеведческий музей (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Archived from the original on September 26, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №730-ОЗ от 26 февраля 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Областной закон "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области"». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #559-OZ of November 11, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #730-OZ of February 26, 2015 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast". Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
  • Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №408 от 4 августа 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориального устройства области». Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №49–50, 16 апреля 2008 г. (Administration of Novgorod Oblast. Resolution #121 of April 8, 2008 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #408 of August 4, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №396-ОЗ от 17 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Хвойнинского муниципального района, наделении их статусом городского и сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений», в ред. Областного закона №726-ОЗ от 30 марта 2010 г «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Хвойнинского муниципального района, и о внесении изменений в некоторые Областные законы». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №11–12, 26 января 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #396-OZ of January 17, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Khvoyninsky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #726-OZ of March 30, 2010 On the Transformation of Various Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Khvoyninsky Municipal District and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).
  • Снытко, О. В.; et al. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов; Т. Б. Чуйкова; Л. В. Федина; А. Э. Дубоносова, eds. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (PDF) (in Russian). Saint Petersburg. p. 141. Retrieved June 1, 2012.