Khwaja Ghulam Farid
|Khwaja Ghulam Farid|
خواجہ غُلام فرید
Tomb of Khwaja Ghulam Farid
Chachran, British India (now Pakistan)
24 July 1901 (aged 55)|
Chachran, Punjab, British India (now Pakistan)
|Influenced||Countless Sufi poets|
Tradition or genre
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Khwaja Ghulam Farid (Urdu: خواجہ غُلام فرید) or Khwaja Farid (1845–1901) was a 19th-century Saraiki sufi poet of the Indian subcontinent. He was a scholar and writer who knew several different languages. He belonged to Chishti–Nizami Sufi order. He was born in and died at Chachran town and was buried at Mithankot, Punjab, Pakistan.
Early life and career
His mother died when he was four years old and he was orphaned around the age of twelve when his father, Khwaja Khuda Bakhsh, died. He was then brought up by his elder brother, Khwaja Fakhr-ud-Din, and grew up to become a scholar and writer. He mastered Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Punjabi, Saraiki, Sindhi, and Braj Bhasha, and also wrote poems in Punjabi, Urdu, Sindhi, Persian, and Braj Bhasha languages.
Nawab Sadeq Mohammad Khan V of Bahawalpur took Khwaja Farid to his palace at Ahmad pur sharkia for his religious education by a scholar, when he was 8 years old. His elder brother Khwaja Fakhr-ud-Din who had brought him up after his parents' deaths, also died when Khwaja Ghulam Farid was 28 years old. Khwaja Farid then left for Rohi area or Cholistan Desert and lived 18 years there.
His most significant works include:
- Deewan-e-Farid (poem collection in Multani, 1882; in Punjabi, 1883 ; in Urdu, 1884)
- Manaqabe Mehboobia (in Persian prose)
- Fawaid Faridia (in Persian prose)
- In his poetry, he frequently uses the symbolism of a desert. Sometimes he touched the topic of political affairs, opposing the British rule in Bahawalpur state.
Awards, recognition and legacy
- The 20th century saw development of an entire branch of literary studies into the life and work of Khwaja Ghulam Farid, named faridiyat.
- Today, many religious and educational institutions in Pakistan and India are named after him (e.g., Government Khawaja Farid College in Rahimyar Khan, Pakistan) as are streets and town living quarters.
- A literary award named after him, Khwaja Ghulam Farid Award is awarded yearly by the Pakistan Academy of Letters in literature, its recipients including Ismail Ahmedani (in 2013) and Irshad Taunsvi (in 2007) among others.
- In 2001, on Khwaja Ghulam Farid's 100th death anniversary, Pakistan Post issued a memorial stamp to honor him in its 'Poets of Pakistan' series
- Khawaja Fareed University of Engineering & Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan, (KF-UE&IT), Established in 2014.
- Fariduddin Ganjshakar
- List of mausolea and shrines in Pakistan
- Saraiki literature
- Qari Muhammad Muslehuddin Siddiqui
- Pathanay Khan
- Christopher Shackle
- Profile of Khwaja Ghulam Farid on Paknetmag website Retrieved 15 June 2018
- Suvorova, Anna (22 July 2004). "Muslim Saints of South Asia: The Eleventh to Fifteenth Centuries (Islamic calendar)". Routledge – via Google Books.
- A Khwaja Ghulam Farid anniversary Dawn (newspaper), Published 20 July 2002, Retrieved 15 June 2018
- Amir Jalil Bobra (19 December 2013). "Pakistan Academy of Letters (PAL) confers awards on literary figures". The Nation (newspaper). Retrieved 15 June 2018.
- PAL announces National Literary Awards Academy of the Punjab in North America website, Published 10 August 2007, Retrieved 15 June 2018
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