Historically this area was ruled by different Armenian, Byzantine, Kurdish and Turkic dynasties. The town became part of the Ottoman Empire in the early 16th century. There were battles in this area between the Russians and Ottomans during World War I. During the Middle Ages, Kiğı had been a mint town of the Ilkhanids. Historically a nearby iron mine was used but mining stopped in 1820. The main sights in the town are the citadel, the mosque built in 1401/02 and commissioned by Pir Ali son of the Aq QoyunluKutlu. But the present structure is largely a restoration from later times. The medieval Muslim tomb and bathhouse of Yazıcızadeler and the ruins of a church. The current location of the town was moved here after a Safavid raid in the 16th century, the old site was near the citadel.