KiHa 120

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KiHa 120
JRW DC kiha120-356.jpg
Okayama-based KiHa 120-300 on the Inbi Line, April 2009
In service March 1992–Present
Manufacturer JR-West (Gotō Works), Niigata Tekkō
Constructed 1991–1996
Number built 89 vehicles
Number in service 89 vehicles
Formation Single car unit
Operator(s) JR-West
Depot(s) Fukui, Hamada, Hiroshima, Kameyama, Kisuki, Okayama, Shimonoseki, Toyama
Specifications
Car body construction Steel (KiHa 120-200)
Stainless steel (KiHa 120-0/300)
Car length 16,300 mm (53 ft 6 in)
Width 2,998 mm (9 ft 10.0 in) (KiHa 120-200)
3,188 mm (10 ft 5.5 in) (KiHa 120-0/300)
Doors 2 folding doors per side
Maximum speed 95 km/h (60 mph)
Weight 26.9 t (KiHa 120-0)
25.9 t (KiHa 120-200)
27.7 t (KiHa 120-300)
Prime mover(s) SA6D125H-1
Power output 250 hp (at 2,000 rpm) (KiHa 120-200)
330 hp (at 2,000 rpm) (KiHa 120-0/300)
Transmission Hydraulic
Bogies WDT53 (driving), WT237 (trailing)
Braking system(s) Engine brake, Air brake
Safety system(s) ATS-SW
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The KiHa 120 (キハ120形 Kiha-hyaku-nijū-kei?) is a single-car diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) on its rural lines in Japan. Based on Niigata Tekkō's "NDC" lightweight diesel car design intended for third sector operators (such as Matsuura Railway, Takachiho Railway, and Kumagawa Railway), a total of 89 cars were built, with the class divided into three sub-classes: KiHa 120-0, KiHa 120-200, and KiHa 120-300.[1]

Variants[edit]

KiHa 120-200[edit]

Eight first-batch cars were built in 1992. These had painted steel bodies, two-pane windows, transverse and longitudinal seating, and no toilets. All cars were later modified with the addition of toilets.[1]

KiHa 120-0[edit]

22 second-batch cars were built in 1993, including three cars built at JR-West's Gotō Works. These had uprated engines, stainless steel bodies, single-pane windows, longitudinal seating, and no toilets. All cars were later modified with the addition of toilets.[1][2]

KiHa 120-300[edit]

59 third-batch cars were built between 1994 and 1996, including 19 cars built at JR-West's Gotō Works. These were similar in design to the KiHa 120-0 subclass, but were built with some transverse seating. Although not initially built with toilets, all cars were modified with the addition of toilets from 2005.[1][2]

Livery variations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0. 
  2. ^ a b Nishiwaki, Kōji (November 2010). "JR各社の新世代気動車の現状 JR西日本キハ120形" [The Current Situation of JR Group Modern DMUs: JR-West KiHa 120]. Japan Railfan Magazine. Vol. 50 no. 595. Japan: Kōyūsha. pp. 100–105.