Kia'i dynasty

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Kia'i, Kia, Amīr Kīāʾī, or Kar Kia dynasty (Persian: کیاییان‎‎) was a dynasty which ruled over Tabaristan (Mazandaran and its province Gilan) from 1389 to 1592. They claimed Sasanian ancestry. By the Shia tradition Shahrbanu (Shahrbānū Sasaniad or Shehr Bano) (Persian: شهربانو‎‎) (Meaning: "Lady of the Land"), is a personage described to have been one of the daughters of Yazdegerd III,[1] the last Emperor of the Sassanid dynasty of Persia/Iran. She was said to be the mother of Imam Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin and the daughter of the last Sasanian king.[2] Other names by which she has been referred to include: Shaharbānawayh,[3] Shahzanān,[4] Salāma,[5] Salāfa,[6] Ghazāla,[7] Salama,[8] and Sādira.[9]

The Kia's helped shah Ismail I establish the Safavid Empire and Kia's later became a vassal state of the Safavid Empire.[10] The Safavid king, Abbas I put an end to the Kia dynasty by dispatching its Army to Gilan in 1592.

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi. The life of Imam Zayn al-`Abidin a.s. p3.
  2. ^ Yaʿqubi II, pp. 246-47 and 303; Nowbaḵti, p. 53; Ašʿari, p. 70.
  3. ^ Roudat al-Wa'zin, vol. 1, p. 237. 'Uyyun al-Mu'jizat, p. 31. Ghayat al-Ikhtisar, p. 155.
  4. ^ Al-Shiblanji, Nur al-Abbsar, p. 126.
  5. ^ 'Usul al-Kafi, vol. 1, p. 466. Siyar 'Alam al-Nubala', vil, 14, p. 237, Kalifa Khayyat, al-Tabaqat, p. 238. Al-Nisaburi, al-Asami wa al-Kuna.
  6. ^ Al-Dhahabi, Tarikh al-Islam, vol. 2, p. 46. Al-Imama fi al-Islam, p. 116. Ansab al-Ashraf, p. 102. AlBustani, Da'irat al-Ma'arif, vol. 9, p. 355. Nur al-Abbsar, p. 136. Al-Kamil, vol. 2, p. 464.
  7. ^ Safwat al-Safwa, vol. 2, p. 25. Shadharat al-Dhahab, vol. 1, p. 104. Sir al-Si;sila al-'Alawiya, p. 31. Nihayat al-Irab, vol. 21 p. 324. Kulasat al-Dhahab al-Masbuk, p. 8.
  8. ^ Al-'A'imma al-Ithna 'Ashar, p. 75.
  9. ^ Al-Ithaf bi Hub al-Ashraf, p. 49.
  10. ^ - Page 38