Kia Bongo

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Kia Bongo
18 kia bongo 3.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerKia Motors
Also calledKia Frontier
Forland K1
Kia K2400
Kia K2700
Kia K2500 (Singapore)
Production1980–present
Assembly
Body and chassis
ClassLight commercial vehicle
Body styleVan
Pickup truck

The Kia Bongo (Hangul:기아 봉고), also known as the Kia K-Series or Kia Besta, is a cabover pickup truck and van produced by the South Korean automobile manufacturer Kia Motors since 1980.

The Bongo was first launched in 1980 under the name Bongo. In 1997, the third generation Bongo Frontier was launched. As of 2004, the Kia Bongo was in its fourth version, confusingly sold as the Kia Bongo III. "Frontier" was dropped from the name with this revision.

Background[edit]

Kia has produced small and large trucks for the South Korean market for at least 25 years. Rear-wheel-drive Bongo trucks have been on the market in Korea since at least the late 1980s, and these were equipped with a four-cylinder diesel engine. The Kia Bongo Frontier was originally available in RV or pickup trucks. It was replaced by the Kia Bongo III in 2004. The Bongo Frontier was one of the first Kia Motors cars to be exported to Europe and South America.

First generation (1980–1993)[edit]

Kia Ceres, a heavier-duty version of the first Bongo usually sold with four-wheel drive

Production of the truck started in 1980 and the van started in 1981. Early Bongos had round headlights, although these were changed for square units in 1981. The first Bongos also used "Kiamaster" logos rather than simply "Kia". The Bongo originally came with the 2.2 liter "S2" engine with 70 PS (51 kW), although the 1.4 liter "UC" petrol engine was added in 1985. 'Wide Bongo' production started in 1987. Between 1987 and 1989 the Bongo was sold as the "Power Bongo", to reflect an upgrade to the 80 PS (59 kW) 2.4 litre "SF" diesel engine. The Power Bongo also has wide rectangular headlights, rather than the smaller units used previously. The first generation Bongo was removed from production in December 1993, although the tougher Ceres version continued for another six years.

Kia Ceres cab chassis (Australia)

Kia Ceres[edit]

The Kia Ceres was a special agricultural version, a one-ton truck. It shared a slightly longer front end with the Kia Titan. From 1986 this was also available with four-wheel drive; eventually the rear-wheel drive models were cancelled in the domestic market. The Ceres model was sold instead of the Bongo in some export markets where conditions are tough, such as the Philippines, Latin America, Australia and Turkey. The Ceres utilized the original BA2 cabin but with a unique front clip. It was facelifted in 1995 when it received a new front clip with round headlights and new Kia logo.

Second generation (1989–1997)[edit]

Kia HiBesta 2.7 EST (Coachvan)
Kia Wide Bongo 2700 (1992–1994)

In January 1989 the second generation Bongo Wide (sold as plain "Bongo" in most export markets) appeared. It was largely a rebadged SR-series Mazda Bongo Brawny. In 1992, a 2.7-litre engine was introduced. In October 1994, Kia's new logo replaced the old "chimney" design. In 1995 a reengined and lightly facelifted version called the "Bongo J2" appeared; this reflected the name of the new engine. The second generation Bongo model for passengers (coach) is named the Kia "BestA", usually referred to as 'Besta'—a word that means "beast" (or "HiBesta") in Brazil. This did not stop the Besta from immediately becoming the highest selling minivan in the Brazilian market.[2] The Besta name was also used for cargo van versions in many countries. The Besta originally had the 2.2 liter diesel engine with 62 PS (46 kW), but at the end of 1994 the 80 PS (59 kW) 2.7 liter J2 unit was placed in the Besta as well. This version can reach 128 km/h (80 mph).[2]

Kia Bongo J2 (1995–1997)

The Bongo J2 also formed the basis for the new Kia Pregio, which replaced the Kia Besta (the coach version of the Bongo). The Besta 2.7 did continue in production alongside the Pregio until at least the summer of 1997[2] for markets where this lower priced model retained some popularity. Export models of the second generation Bongo often used the K2400 or K2700 labels.

Third generation (1997–2004)[edit]

Kia Bongo Frontier

The third generation Bongo appeared in April 1997, now with the "Bongo Frontier" name. The related van version, Pregio, was introduced in November 1995 and continued in production until 2006. A four-wheel drive version ("Bongo Frontier All Terrain") appeared in December 1999, this meant the final end of the Ceres trucks (with origins dating back to the 1977 Mazda Bongo BA2). The third Bongo had the same JS series 2.7 litre engine with 80 PS (59 kW) as used in the previous model, although an optional 3 litre JT engine with 90 PS (66 kW) was also made available from the beginning. In August 2001 this engine received an additional four horsepower.

Kia Bongo Frontier (facelift version)

Facelift[edit]

A facelifted Bongo was introduced in 2000. The truck was discontinued in late 2003, while the Van and Coach models continued to be built until May 2005. With stricter emissions controls, the 4x4 dump truck model was discontinued at the same time.

Fourth generation (2005–present)[edit]

Kia Bongo K2500

The fourth generation, known as the Kia Bongo III, was introduced in 2005, engines were modernized, featuring a common rail option, which is gradually becoming more environmentally friendly.

Due to tighter emissions rules, the 1.2-ton and 1.4-ton variants were discontinued in November 2006. The coachvan, van and trucks except the 1-ton and 1.3-ton models were ceased in production in December 31, 2007 due to low demand. The Bongo III went on hiatus between October 2011 and January 2012, due to tighter emissions rules, but reemerged with a Euro V compliant engine.

The Bongo III was exclusively available in the Philippines as the K2700, from May 2005 to August 2018. It was replaced by the K2500 in September 2018, which it gained a driver airbag, while the K2700 Panoramic was replaced by the K2500 Karga.

A coachvan version of the Bongo III was produced in Indonesia, where it was sold as the Kia Travello. The production and sales of the Travello were stopped in 2018 after Kia Mobil Indonesia declares bankrupt with the distribution of Kia vehicles were taken over by Indomobil under the new sub-distributor, Kreta Indo Artha, after the take-over, the Kia K2700 is now sold without the locally-produced coachvan version.

European sales of the Kia K-Series (with an exception of Russia and Turkey) has been discontinued in late 2007.

Facelift[edit]

Kia Bongo was updated 2014, with new gearbox 6-speed engine and much more efficient Euro IV standards, new body design that includes different front and added grille, and new tires ring size 15 in. The K2500, K2700 and K3000S have either a 2.5 litre turbocharged engine that delivers 130 hp, or an optional 2.7 litre engine that pushes out just 80 hp and another 3.0 liter that adds five more horsepower from the 2.7 litre. It provides all the sufficient loading capabilities, also they have three cab options: standard, super and double cabin. There is another model that is called the K400S and K4000G, which is the bigger van version of the K2500, the K2700 and the K3000II.

In January 2020, EV version was launched in South Korea.[3] It can go up to 211km when charged.

Local names[edit]

In some markets, including Europe, Australia and South America, the Bongo is branded as the Kia K-Series as: K2400 / K2700, but also as "Kia Frontier".

In Indonesia, the Bongo was locally produced and known as the Big-Up from 2004 to 2018, during Kia Mobil Indonesia's existence. After the distribution of Kia vehicles in Indonesia were taken over by Kreta Indo Artha in late 2019, it is now sold as the K2700.

In Taiwan, the Bongo is known as Kia Kaon.[4]

In Vietnam, the Bongo is manufactured under license by THACO and sold as the THACO Kia New Frontier.[5]

In the Philippines, the Bongo was relaunched in 2019 as the Kia K2500 Karga; "karga" is the Filipino word for "carry".[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Four models of the Kia brand in the Batna plant". Eco-Algeria. 2017-03-19. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  2. ^ a b c "Saiba mais, tudo sobre a Kia Besta de 1993 a 2005" [Know more: Everything about the 1993–2005 Kia Besta]. Encontracarros.com (in Portuguese). 2013-01-09. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
  3. ^ https://www.autoweek.nl/autonieuws/artikel/kia-bongo-als-ev/
  4. ^ "Kia Motors Taiwan". Archived from the original on 10 August 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  5. ^ "Kia New Frontier". THACO. Retrieved 2019-08-26.
  6. ^ "Kia re-enters competitive business van class with 2019 K2500". AutoIndustriya.com. 2019-06-21. Retrieved 2019-08-26.

External links[edit]