Kia Niro

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Kia Niro
Kia Niro (SG2) PHEV Leonberg 2022 1X7A0474.jpg
Kia Niro (SG2)
Overview
ManufacturerKia
Production2016–present
Model years2017–present
Body and chassis
ClassCompact crossover SUV
Body style5-door SUV
Layout

The Kia Niro (Korean: 기아 니로) is a compact crossover SUV (C-segment) manufactured by Kia since 2016. It is an electrification-focused vehicle, offering three versions: hybrid, plug-in hybrid and battery electric variants.

First generation (DE; 2016)[edit]

First generation (DE)
2017 Kia Niro 3 S-A 1.6.jpg
2017 Niro Hybrid (pre-facelift)
Overview
Production2016–present
Model years2017–2022
AssemblySouth Korea: Hwaseong, Gyeonggi (Hwaseong Plant)[1]
Designer
  • Sang-Hun Ahn[2]
  • Jae-Hyeok Ho (Niro EV)[3]
  • Hyun-Kyung Song (facelift)[4]
Body and chassis
RelatedHyundai Ioniq
Powertrain
Engine
Electric motor
Transmission6-speed dual-clutch (hybrid and PHEV)
Hybrid drivetrain
Battery
Electric range288 km (179 mi) (39.2 kWh, EV)
455 km (283 mi) (64 kWh, EV)
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,700 mm (106.3 in)
Length4,355 mm (171.5 in)
4,375 mm (172.2 in) (EV)
Width1,805 mm (71.1 in)
Height
  • 1,545 mm (60.8 in)
  • 1,560–1,570 mm (61.4–61.8 in) (EV)
Curb weight
  • 1,414–1,490 kg (3,117–3,285 lb) (hybrid)
  • 1,538–1,594 kg (3,391–3,514 lb) (PHEV)
  • 1,667–1,812 kg (3,675–3,995 lb) (EV)

The first-generation Niro was introduced in 2016. Based on the same platform as the Hyundai Ioniq, Kia opted to use dual-clutch transmission instead of the more traditional continuously variable transmission found in most other hybrids to offer a more engaging driving experience.

The size is between the Stonic and Sportage, and very close to the XCeed. In Europe, the Niro was launched in a choice of seven colors and either 16 or 18 inch wheels. It was the first Kia model to feature Android Auto, available from its launch, while Apple CarPlay was made available towards the end of 2016. Seven airbags were included as standard, along with other safety features including autonomous braking, smart cruise control and lane departure warning to name a few.[5] Noise reduction was a key development focus, with Kia achieving a quieter cabin by use of increased front structure insulation and the use of acoustic windshield glass.[6]

Full production started in May 2016 in Hwaseong, Gyeonggi, South Korea, with European sales from the third quarter of 2016.[5]

A plug-in version was launched in the United Kingdom in the end of 2017, and in the United States in the beginning of 2018,[7][8] with an electric version launched in 2018.[9][10] Towards the end of 2018 and start of 2019, sales of the Niro PHEV ranked highly in Denmark and Sweden in a list of top plug-in car sales.

The Niro received a facelift in 2019 which included changes to the front and rear bumpers, as well as new headlights and color choices. Unlike the prototypes, no production version was ever offered with four wheel drive.[11]

Hybrid (HEV)[edit]

The 2017 Kia Niro Hybrid was unveiled at the 2016 Chicago Auto Show. A subcompact hybrid utility vehicle, the model's exterior design is marketed as "un-hybrid",[12] saying it is more conventional than other hybrid cars.[13]

The Niro uses a hybrid powertrain producing altogether 104 kW (139 hp), and returns a fuel economy of 5.5 to 4.7 L/100 km (43 to 50 mpg‑US) by also using lightweight materials, including high strength steel and aluminium.[14][15] Its traction battery has a capacity of 1.56 kWh which weighs 33 kilograms (73 lb), with Kia claiming that this offers up to 50 percent increased energy density and 13 percent more energy efficiency than rivals.[16] From 2017 onwards, the hybrid does not feature a conventional lead-acid starter 12-volt battery; instead, a 12-volt lithium battery is housed adjacent to the traction battery. This innovation saves weight and maintenance.[17]

In its first month on sale, the Niro hit an all time sales record in the green car market in South Korea, even beating the Hyundai Ioniq.[18]

Plug-In Hybrid (PHEV)[edit]

A plug-in electric vehicle (PHEV) variant has been offered since September 2018, featuring an 8.9 kWh battery.[19][20] The Kia Niro and Niro Plug in Hybrid form part of Kia hybrid range, that also includes the Optima Plug-in Hybrid and Optima Sportswagon Plug-in Hybrid.[21] The Kia Niro went on sale in South Korea on 31 March 2016.[22] The plug-in has the same dual-clutch transmission as the hybrid variant, an important differentiator from most other hybrid and plug-in hybrid vehicles which use a continuously variable transmission.

The Niro PHEV was the best selling plug-in car in Denmark in December 2018, with 1,113 sales representing a 24% share, ahead of the Nissan Leaf which took a 14% share respectively.[23] In Sweden during February 2019, the Niro PHEV claimed 2nd position and share of 11%, behind the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV with a 17% share.[24] Although Kia claimed that the variant could obtain a fuel economy of 1.400 L/100 km; 168.0 mpg‑US (201.8 mpg‑imp), real-world tests suggested 1.96 L/100 km; 120 mpg‑US (144 mpg‑imp) in one test[25] and 4.9 L/100 km; 48 mpg‑US (58 mpg‑imp) in another.[26]

In 2019, Kia announced facelifted versions of its Niro hybrid variants, with new front and rear bumpers, lights and wheels among the changes to its lineup. LED headlights and fog lights became an optional extra, while two new colors red-orange and plum were added.[27]

Gasoline Engine[edit]

Both the hybrid and the plug-in hybrid versions of the Niro feature a gasoline engine.

Gasoline/Hybrid Engine
Engine Name Trim Displacement (bore x stroke) Power@rpm, Torque@rpm Compression ratio (:1)
Kappa II GDi HEV FE, LX, EX, Touring 1,579 cc (96.4 cu in) (72 mm × 97 mm (2.8 in × 3.8 in)) 78 kW (104 hp)@5700, 148 N⋅m (109 lb⋅ft)@4000 13:1
Electric motor rpm|na
Combined rpm|13:1

Niro EV/e-Niro[edit]

A battery electric version of the Niro was launched in 2018 at the International Electric Vehicle Expo in Korea, named Niro EV in Asia and North America and e-Niro in Europe.[28]

It shares powertrain and battery configuration with the Hyundai Kona Electric. Niro EV is available in two battery versions: 39.2 kWh and 64 kWh. The batteries are liquid-cooled lithium ion polymer. Batteries are manufactured/supplied by SK Innovation, which is different from the Kona Electric, which uses batteries from LG Chem.[29]

The 39.2 kWh version is propelled by a 100 kW (134 hp) permanent-magnet electric motor with 395 Nm (291 lb-ft) of torque and can travel up to 288 km (179 mi) on one charge, according to WLTP, while the 64 kWh version offers 455 km (283 mi) of WLTP range and has a more powerful 150 kW (201 hp) motor producing the same amount of torque.[30] Both cars are front-wheel drive. In the US, the Niro EV has an official EPA range of 239 mi (385 km) on a full charge.

Both versions have a CCS charge port which enables DC rapid charging at up to 77 kW. The onboard charger power is 7.2 kW or optionally 11 kW.[31]

On May 3, 2022, pre-orders of the Niro EV began in South Korea.[32] The Niro EV is equipped with a 64.8 kWh high-voltage battery, smart regenerative braking system 2.0, a heat pump, and a battery heating system. And it can run 463 km (WLTP combined) on a single charge. Also, the battery conditioning function is applied to automatically adjust the battery temperature according to the external environment.

Niro Plus[edit]

Kia introduced the Kia Niro Plus in April 2022. Released in South Korea from the second half of 2022, the Niro Plus is a new variant of the Niro that maximizes the onboard space by increasing the height of the vehicle by 80 mm, and by using thinner seats. The total length also increases by 10 mm. The second-row legroom was expanded by 28 mm by adjusting the position of the second-row seat. In addition, the taxi model was applied by additionally applying the power seat and reclining function of the Dongseungseok and lowering the height of the Dongseungseok headrest by 43 mm. An integrated All-in-One Display for taxi model includes navigation, app taximeter, digital tachograph and voice recognition.[33][34] Two variants are offered: the Kia Niro Plus Taxi (specifically intended for cab drivers and only available in BEV) and the Kia Niro Plus (open to all types of customers and available in HEV, PHEV and BEV). The latter will be exported overseas.[35][36]

All-in-one display is applied with AI assistant technology associated with navigation system, informing remaining battery amount at destination or suggesting route via charging station when remaining battery amount is insufficient.

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP

Euro NCAP test results for a LHD variant on a registration from 2016:[37]

Test Score Points
Overall:
Adult occupant: 83% 31.8
Child occupant: 80% 39.6
Pedestrian: 57% 24.3
Safety assist: 59% 7.1

2016 Guinness World Record[edit]

In December 2016, the Niro officially received a Guinness World Records title for the lowest fuel consumption by a hybrid vehicle, as it traveled from Los Angeles to New York City with a fuel consumption record of 76.6 mpg‑US (3.1 l/100 km).[38] This record had last been held by the Kia Optima Hybrid in 2011, with a fuel consumption average of 64.55 mpg‑US (3.6 l/100 km).[39]

Second generation (SG2; 2021)[edit]

Second generation (SG2)
Kia Niro (SG2) PHEV 1X7A6014.jpg
Overview
Production2021–present
Model years2023–present (North America)
AssemblySouth Korea: Hwaseong, Gyeonggi
Powertrain
Engine
Electric motorPermanent Magnet Synchronous Motor
  • 42 kW (56 hp) (HEV)
  • 83 kW (111 hp) (PHEV)
  • 150 kW (201 hp) (EV)
Transmission6-speed DCT
1-speed Reduction Gear
Hybrid drivetrain
Battery
  • 1.32 kWh Lithium polymer battery (HEV)
  • 11.1 kWh Lithium polymer battery (PHEV)
  • 64.8 kWh Lithium polymer battery (EV)
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,720 mm (107.1 in)
Length4,420 mm (174.0 in)
Width1,825 mm (71.9 in)
Height1,545–1,585 mm (60.8–62.4 in)
Curb weight
  • 1,405–1,490 kg (3,097–3,285 lb) (Hybrid)
  • 1,610 kg (3,549 lb) (Plug-in Hybrid)
  • 1,739 kg (3,834 lb) (Electric)

The second-generation Niro was released at the 2021 Seoul Mobility Show on November 25.[40][41][42] The front part extended the Tiger Face design from the hood to the fender. A C-pillar integrated with a boomerang-shaped LED rear combination lamp was applied to the side, and a vertical LED rear combination lamp was applied to the rear.

In the interior, recycled fibers were used on the ceiling of the vehicle and water-friendly paint without benzene, toluene, and xylene was added to the door panel. The bio-artificial leather sheet used fibers made from raw materials extracted from eucalyptus leaves.[43] It is also equipped with driver assistance systems and infotainment such as head-up displays, remote smart parking assistance, rear passenger notification, and smart power tailgate.

The model was officially launched on January 25, 2022, while the second-generation Niro EV debuted in April 2022.[44][45][46][47]

Powertrain[edit]

Hybrid engine
Model Engine Transmissions Power Torque 0–100 km/h
(0-62 mph)
(Official)
Top speed
Smartstream G1.6 Hybrid 1,580 cc (96 cu in) 6-speed DCT 104 kW (139 hp) at 5,700 rpm 265 N⋅m (195 lbf⋅ft) at 4,400 rpm 10.4s
10.8s
164 km/h (102 mph)
Plug-in Hybrid engine
Smartstream G1.6 Plug-in Hybrid 1,580 cc (96 cu in) 6-speed DCT 134 kW (180 hp) at 5,700 rpm 265 N⋅m (195 lbf⋅ft) at 4,400 rpm 9.6s
9.8s
167 km/h (104 mph)
161 km/h (100 mph)
Electric
Electric PMS Motor 1-speed 150 kW (201 hp) at 6,000–9,000 rpm 255 N⋅m (188 lbf⋅ft) at 0–5,600 rpm 7.8s 167 km/h (104 mph)

Reception[edit]

Popular Mechanics named the 2019 Kia Niro EV as its 2019 Car of the Year, praising it for its normal looks, 239-mile range, and that it can use Volkswagen Group of America's Electrify America chargers to allow the car to be used on long car trips.[48]

The UK's What Car? magazine named the Kia e-Niro its 2019 Car of the Year - the first time the prize had been awarded to an electric vehicle.[49]

The car was chosen as one of the Top 10 Tech Cars by the IEEE in 2018.[50]

Concept models[edit]

Concept (2013)[edit]

Kia Niro Concept

The Kia Niro concept debuted at the 2013 Frankfurt Auto Show. The car, designed almost entirely by Peter Schreyer at Kia's Frankfurt studio, is a sporty three door subcompact crossover, with butterfly doors that open into the roof panel.[51]

The front wheels are powered by the 1.6 litre Gamma inline-4 producing 160 hp (119 kW) mated with a seven speed rotary-shifted dual-clutch transmission, while a 45 hp electric hybrid system powers the rear wheels when driving in rougher road conditions.[52][53]

KX–3 Concept[edit]

The Kia KX–3 concept followed at the November 2014 Guangzhou Auto Show. Inspired by the earlier Niro concept, it has grown larger in size into a compact SUV, measuring 167.71 inches (4,260 mm) long and 69.48 inches (1,765 mm) wide. A turbocharged 1.6 litre engine delivers power to all four wheels via a seven speed dual clutch transmission.[54]

Sales[edit]

Calendar year Europe[55] U.S.[56]
2016 8,562
2017 33,972 27,237
2018 44,225 28,232
2019 57,337 24,467
2020 77,830 17,434
2021 88,843 26,192

References[edit]

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  4. ^ US D922907, Song, Hyun-Kyung, "Automobile", published 2021-06-22, assigned to Hyundai Motor Co. and Kia Motors Corp. 
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External links[edit]