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|Hàn-jī||驚輸 / 惊输|
Kiasu (simplified Chinese: 惊输; traditional Chinese: 驚輸; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: kiaⁿ-su) is a Hokkien word that denotes a "competitive” attitude" that arises from fear of missing out OR fear of being left out.
Etymology and usage
Kiasu comes from the vernacular Chinese phrase Chinese: 怕輸, meaning 'fear of losing’. It is commonly used in Singapore, where a survey in 2015 ranked being kiasu as one of the top 10 Singaporean cultural values, and the word has been introduced into the English language by speakers of colloquial Singaporean English. It is often used to refer to anxious, competitive attitude arising from a fear of "missing out" or "losing out".
Kiasu is similar in etymology to kiasi (literally, fear of death); both terms are used to describe similar attitudes. Kiasu or kiasuism means taking extreme measures to achieve success, whereas kiasi or kiasiism means to taking extreme, risk-avoidant measures.
- "Definition of kiasu in English". Oxford Dictionaries. Archived from the original on October 13, 2012.
- "The most ambitious country in the world? - BBC Travel".
- "Where the word kiasu came from and how it spread". South China Morning Post.
- Leo, David (1995). Kiasu, Kiasi: You Think What?. ISBN 981-204-626-7.
- See, Ee Lin (2005). My Kiasu Teenage Life in Singapore. ISBN 981-05-3016-1.
- Kim Ebensgaard Jensen (21 September 2020). "Kiasu". Ny Forskning i Grammatik (in Danish) (27). doi:10.7146/NFG.V0I27.122129. ISSN 2446-1709. Wikidata Q107360995.