Kibber

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Kibber
city
Kibber is located in Himachal Pradesh
Kibber
Kibber
Kibber is located in India
Kibber
Kibber
Location in Himachal Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 32°19′54″N 78°00′32″E / 32.331667°N 78.008889°E / 32.331667; 78.008889Coordinates: 32°19′54″N 78°00′32″E / 32.331667°N 78.008889°E / 32.331667; 78.008889
Country  India
State Himachal Pradesh
District Lahul and Spiti
Elevation 4,270 m (14,010 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 366
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Climate Dfc
Kibber Village

Kibber also Kyibar (Tibetan: ཀྱི་འབརWylie: kyi 'bar) is a village high in the Spiti Valley in the Himalayas at 4270 metres or 14,200 ft in Himachal Pradesh in northern India. It contains a monastery and the Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary. Kibber lies in a narrow valley on the summit of a limestone rock. It is located 16 kilometres from Kaza and a bus service connects them in the milder summer months. Agriculture forms the backbone of the local economy and lush green fields are abundant.[1] Villagers count on the 3 day traditional trade route over Parang La to Ladakh to barter their horses for yaks or to sell for cash.[1]

History[edit]

The village has around 80 houses, unique, given that they are made of stone instead of mud or adobe brick used extensively elsewhere in the Spiti valley.[1] Kibber has a civil dispensary, a high school, a post office, a telegraph office and a community TV set in the village.[1] Kibber Monastery was founded by Serkang Rimpochhe of Tabo.

Demographics[edit]

Kibber Khas is small village located in Spiti of Lahul and Spiti district, Himachal Pradesh with total 77 families residing. The Kibber Khas village has population of 366 of which 187 are males while 179 are females as per Population Census 2011.

In Kibber Khas village population of children with age 0-6 is 36 which makes up 9.84% of total population of village. Average Sex Ratio of Kibber Khas village is 957 which is lower than Himachal Pradesh state average of 972. Child Sex Ratio for the Kibber Khas as per census is 565, lower than Himachal Pradesh average of 909. Kibber Khas village has lower literacy rate compared to Himachal Pradesh. In 2011, literacy rate of Kibber Khas village was 72.73% compared to 82.80% of Himachal Pradesh. In Kibber Khas Male literacy stands at 82.93% while female literacy rate was 62.65%.[2]

Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary[edit]

This sign has a delightful message about some of the animals to be found in the Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary in Spiti

The Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1992, which spans over an area of 2,220.12 km2 of land.[3] The elevation range of this sanctuary is 3,600-6,700 m above mean sea level. The vegetation here is sparse and have high medicinal properties. This sanctuary has been extensively surveyed by C.P. Kala for distribution of plants and their indigenous uses as established by the amchis - the practitioners of Tibetan medical systems. Eight rare and endangered medicinal plant species have been discovered by C.P. Kala from this sanctuary. Aconitum rotundifolium, Arnebia euchroma, Ephedra gerardiana, Gentiana kurroo and Dactylorhiza hatagirea are such threatened but medicinally important plants occur in this sanctuary[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "The Tibetan Buddhist Monasteries of the Spiti Valley". 
  2. ^ "India 2011 census". Retrieved 7 September 2015. 
  3. ^ http://hpforest.nic.in/files/KibberWildLifeSanctuary_A1b.pdf
  4. ^ Kala, C.P. 2005. Indigenous uses, population density, and conservation of threatened medicinal plants in protected areas of Indian Himalayas. Conservation Biology, 19 (2): 368-378.
  5. ^ Kala, C.P. 2005. Health tradition of Buddhist community, and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331-1338.

External links[edit]