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19th century Russian jail-kibitka wagon
Kibitka of Teke people

A kibitka (Russian: Кибитка) is a yurt or a Russian type of carriage.

The kibitka wagon uses the same equipage as the troika. Compared to the troika a kibitka is larger, and usually closed. In the Russian literature and folklore this term is mainly used for Gypsy wagons.

During the Russian Empire it was used to deport disgraced noblemen which led to the term "Kibitkenjustiz" (engl: Kibitkenjustice).

See also[edit]


  • Kibitka. In: Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon. 6. Edition. Vol. 19, Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig 1902–1909 (in German)