Kisshōten

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Statue of Kisshoutennyo holding her Nyoihōju gem (如意宝珠), from the Jyoruri temple in Kizugawa.

Kisshōten (吉祥天), also known as Kichijōten, Kisshoutennyo (吉祥天女), Kudokuten (功徳天), Laksmi, Mahasri or Sri-mahadevi is a Japanese female divinity. Adapted via Buddhism from the Hindu goddess Lakshmi [and absorbing traits of the god Krishna] Kisshoutennyo is sometimes named as one of the Seven Gods of Fortune (fukujin), replacing either Jurōjin or Fukurokuju.[1] For example, in the 1783 edition of the Butsuzōzui compendium (reprinted in 1796), Kichijōten replaces Fukurokuju as one of the seven fukujin.[2] She is considered to be the goddess of happiness, fertility, and beauty.[1][3] Kisshoutennyo's iconography is distinguished by the Nyoihōju gem (如意宝珠) in her hand.

When Kisshoutennyo is counted among the seven fukujin[2] and fellow fukujin Daikoku is regarded in feminine form,[4] all three of the Hindu Tridevi goddesses are represented in the fukujin.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Wooden figure of Kichijōten". The British Museum. Retrieved 27 August 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Butsuzōzui (Illustrated Compendium of Buddhist Images)" (digital photos) (in Japanese). Ehime University Library. 1796. p. (077.jpg). 
  3. ^ "Kisshōten (Kichijōten)". Philadelphia Museum of Art. Retrieved 27 August 2012. 
  4. ^ "Butsuzōzui (Illustrated Compendium of Buddhist Images)" (digital photos) (in Japanese). Ehime University Library. 1796. p. (059.jpg).