Kick Off (series)

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Kick Off
Cover art
Amstrad CPC cover art for Kick Off
Developer(s) Dino Dini
Publisher(s) Anco Software
Platform(s) Amstrad CPC, Atari ST, Amiga, MS-DOS, ZX Spectrum, NES
Release date(s) 1989 (original)
Genre(s) Sports
Mode(s) Single-player or multiplayer (up to 4 players)

The Kick Off franchise is a series of football simulation computer games, first released in 1989. Kick Off, the first game of the series, was designed by Dino Dini and released by Anco for the Amiga and the Atari ST in 1989. The game was received well by the games industry at the time and won awards.

After the release of Kick Off several sequels were released. Player Manager was released in 1990. The game was the first game to combine a management environment (including tactics, league play, transfers, and detailed player attributes) with a football game engine (based on that of Kick Off). Kick Off 2 was released in 1990 as a sequel to Kick Off. The game introduced a number of new features as well as several small alterations.

In 1992, Dino Dini left Anco and signed a contract for Virgin Games, which released Goal! in 1993. Anco released several further editions of the Kick Off series between 1994 and 1997, but these games had little in common with Kick Off and Kick Off 2. In 2001–2003, the KOA collaborated closely with Anco developer Steve Screech in an attempt to relaunch the Kick Off and Player Manager series. Kick Off 2002 was released. Anco started to work on another sequel Kick Off 2004 which reached beta status. The attempt came to a halt when Anco closed in 2003.

Beginning in 2001, annual Kick Off 2 World Cups have been organized by the Kick Off Association (KOA), a fan community devoted to the Kick Off series.



Kick Off was released in 1989. Several expansion disks were released for Kick Off 2.


In 1992, Dino Dini left Anco and signed a contract for Virgin Games, which released Goal! in 1993.

Anco released Kick Off 3 in 1994. The game used a side view instead of a top-down view and bore little resemblance to Kick Off 2 apart from the name.

Later developments[edit]


Atari ST gameplay of Kick Off

Anco Software published the first versions of Kick Off for the Amiga and Atari ST.[1]

With Kick Off the ball did not stick to the player's feet but instead was realistically kicked ahead from the players, in a manner similar to that of Nintendo's Soccer, released in 1985 on the NES. This added a degree of difficulty and skill requirement at the same time. Other attributes, such as action replays, players with different characteristics, different tactics, fouls, yellow cards, red cards, injuries, injury time and various referees with different moods also featured..

Kick Off was first developed for the Atari ST and then ported to the Amiga.[2] Kick Off enthusiasts still play tournaments on original Amiga computers every year.


  • ST Action - Highest accolade they could give.
  • Amiga User Int - "Best computer game ever" 97%
  • The One - "Ultimate soccer simulation" 96%
  • ACE - "Brilliant, BUY BUY BUY" 92%
  • Amiga Format - "Best footy game to have appeared on any machine" 94%
  • ST Format - "What a game! gem to play. Magic" 90%
  • C&VG - "Championship winning material" 95%
  • The Games Machine - "Probably the best sports game ever" 92%
  • Commodore User - "No other footy game can touch it" 90%
  • Amiga Action - "Surpasses all other football games" 93%
  • PCW - "Nothing short of brilliant"
  • New Comp Express - "Computer football event of the year"
  • Zzap!64 - "So realistic, so fun, and soooo addictive" 96%


  • Awarded UK. 1989 INDIN Best 16 Bit Product
  • Nominated UK. 1989 INDIN Best Programmer (2nd place, the winner was "Bullfrog" for "Populous")
  • Awarded 1989 EMAP Images Golden Joystick Award Best 16 Bit Product. (EMAP is a major UK magazine publisher).
  • Voted the 7th best game of all time in Amiga Power.[3]


Kick Off[edit]

Player Manager[edit]

Kick Off 2[edit]

In 1990, Kick Off 2 was released by Anco. Kick Off 2 retains the pace and accuracy of Kick Off, with a full size multi directional scrolling pitch and the players, markings, goals etc., in correct proportions. Both teams play the game strictly according to tactics. Players move into position to receive passes and gain possession. The ball, as in real game, travels ahead of the player.

There is a league and a cup tournament with sudden death penalty shoot outs, in case of a draw. The teams in the league are on the whole evenly matched but with different styles of play and the player skills to match, that style. There is an option to load your own team from "Player Manager" along with your own tactics, to play against another "Player Manager" team in a single game or enter league and cup tournament.

The special events selection in the main menu allows data disks to be loaded. Kick Off 2 also provides the facility to change strip colours and on expanded Atari ST's (1 MB or above) there are additional sound effects. The "Action Replay" facility allows goals to be viewed at normal pace or in "Slow Motion" and saved to disk. There are 24 referees and have their own distinctive temperaments.[4]

Super Kick-Off[edit]

Super Kick Off is one of the follow-ups of Kick Off and Kick Off 2 for Game Boy, SEGA and SNES.[5] Super Kick Off was slower than the original games.[6] The Mega Drive version knocked PGA Tour Golf II from the top of the charts.[7] MegaTech gave the game 94% and a Hyper Game Award, saying that the "feel and playability is unrivalled by any other footy game so far", but criticising the high price of £45.[8]


Main article: Dino Dini's Goal

In 1992, a sequel, Kick Off 3, was in development. The game wasn't released in this form though, as Dino Dini left Anco in 1992 for Virgin Games, where he developed Goal!, released in 1993. Goal! featured similar gameplay to Kick Off 2 but also added one-touch passing as seen in Sensible Soccer, player acceleration, and more advanced menu systems and options. Goal! received generally good reviews but did not enjoy the same lasting popularity as Kick Off 2.

Kick Off 3 [edit]

In 1994, Anco released Kick Off 3 developed by Steve Screech, a totally new game with nothing in common with Kick Off 2. The game didn't receive as good reviews as its predecessors and didn't gain the same popularity.[9]

Kick Off 96, 97 & 98[edit]

In 1996, Toka Nono released Kick Off 96 for Amiga and Windows. The game received average reviews.[10] In 1997, Kick Off 97 was released for Windows. The game received better reviews than Kick Off 96 but still didn't become popular.[11] Later the same year, Anco released Kick Off 98 for the PC which received poor reviews.[12] In 1998 Kick Off World was released for the PlayStation 1, again developed by Toka and published by Funsoft.

Kick Off 2002[edit]

In 2001, Steve Screech started a project called Ultimate Kick Off with the help of an early established Kick Off Association. The game was released by Anco in 2002 for PC and Mac[13] with the name Kick Off 2002. The game received poor reviews and only sold 5000 copies.[14][15] Later a sequel called Kick Off 2004 was planned. It reached beta status but it was never released. The project ended when Anco closed in 2003.

Kick Off Revival[edit]

Most recently, Dino Dini announced that he is working on a new entry in the series, named Kick Off Revival, to be released in 2016 exclusively for PlayStation 4 and PlayStation Vita.[16]

Games in the series[edit]

Kick Off series include the following games:[17]

  • Kick Off (1989)
  • Kick Off Extra Time (Data disk) (1989)
  • Franco Baresi World Cup Kick Off (1990)
  • Player Manager (1990)
  • Kick Off 2 World Cup 90 (1990)
  • Kick Off 2 (1990)
  • Kick Off 2 1MB (1990)
  • Kick Off 2: Giants of Europe (Data disk) (1990)
  • Kick Off 2: The Final Whistle (Expansion disk) (1991)
  • Kick Off 2: Return To Europe (Expansion disk) (1991)
  • Kick Off 2: Winning Tactics (Data disk) (1991)
  • Kick Off 2: Super League (Expansion disk) (1991)
  • Kick Off 2: Maths Disk (Expansion disk) (1991)
  • Super Kick-Off (1991)
  • Kick Off 3 (1994)
  • Kick Off 97 (1997)[18]
  • Kick Off 98 (1997)[19]
  • Kick Off World (1998)
  • Kick Off 2002 (2002)[20]
  • Kick Off Revival (2016)[16]



Kick Off 2 - Competition v.[edit]

In 2005, Steve Camber started his project called Kick Off 2 competition version. A mod of the classic game for Amiga to improve its features using reverse engineering of the original Amiga game.


Throw In / Active Soccer[edit]

The Three times Kick Off 2 World Champion Gianluca Troiano started a project called Throw In in 2004. The game is a remake of Kick Off 2 but with a 3D engine. The fast action gameplay with Kick Off 2 gameplay is remained but with possibility to watch the match and replays from infinitive views and a new GFX engine. In cooperation with Kick Off Association several betaversions were released during the 00s. Throw In has been praised by the Kick Off programmer Dino Dini[21][22][23]

In 2012 the developers behind Throw In announced that the game Active Soccer will be released. The game is a further development of the Throw In betaversions. It will at first be released for iPhone and iPad. It will have gameplay similar to Kick Off and original Throw In but adjusted to gamepad and keyboards.

Kick Off United[edit]

On December 24th 2015 a new community , Kick Off United was established.[24]

The Kick Off Association[edit]

The Kick Off Association (K.O.A.) is a non-profit organization in 2001 as an umbrella organization for fans of the series.[25] The Kick Off Association has approximately 1400 members. The KOA has been involved in the organizations of various international tournaments of Kick Off 2 and arrange a Kick Off 2 World Cup every year. The KOA participates in the research and development of the a versions of Kick Off known as Kick Off 2 competition version

World Cups[edit]

2001 Dartford UK. 2002 Athens, Greece. 2003 Groningen, Holland. 2004 Milan, Italy. 2005 Cologne, Germany. 2006 Rickmansworth, Uk. 2007 Rome, Italy. 2008 Athens, Greece. 2009 VoitsBerg, Austria. 2010 DuesselDorf, Germany. 2011 Birmingham, Uk. 2012 Milan, Italy. 2003 VoitsBerg, Austria. 2014 Copenhagen, Denmark. 2015 Dublin, Ireland.

The 15th Kick Off 2 World cup took place in Dublin, Ireland on November 7 & 8 2015.38 players from Ireland, England, Germany, Italy, Greece, Denmark, Spain, Norway, Austria and Sweden took part.[26]