Type of site
|Torrent directory, magnet links provider|
|Available in||Multilingual (30+), primary English|
|Users||Over 1M per day as of August 2015|
|Part of a series on|
|Networks and protocols|
|Development and societal aspects|
|Non-public file sharing|
|Websites and services|
|By country or region|
KickassTorrents (commonly abbreviated KAT) was a website that provided a directory for torrent files and magnet links to facilitate peer-to-peer file sharing using the BitTorrent protocol. It was founded in 2008 and by November 2014, KAT became the most visited BitTorrent directory in the world, overtaking The Pirate Bay, according to the site's Alexa ranking. KAT went offline on 20 July 2016 when the domain was seized by the U.S. government. The site's proxy servers were shut down by its staff at the same time.
In December 2016, former KAT staff members revived the KAT community by creating a website with its predecessor's features and appearance.
Blocking and censorship
KAT was initially launched in November 2008 at the domain name kickasstorrents.com.
On 21 April 2011, KickassTorrents moved to the Philippines domain name kat.ph after a series of domain name seizures by the United States Department of Justice against Demonoid and Torrentz. The site later moved to several different domains, which the operators plan to do every six months, including ka.tt, kickass.to, kickass.so, kickasstorrents.im and kat.cr.
On 28 February 2013, Internet service providers (ISPs) in the United Kingdom were ordered by the High Court in London to block access to KickassTorrents, along with two other torrent sites. Judge Richard Arnold ruled that the site's design contributed to copyright infringement.
On 23 June 2013, KAT was delisted from Google at the request of the MPAA. In late August 2013, KAT was blocked by Belgian ISPs. In January 2014, several Irish ISPs started blocking KAT. In February 2014, Twitter started blocking links to KAT, however by the end of February 2014, KAT was unblocked on Twitter. In June 2014, KAT was blocked in Malaysia by the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission for violating copyright law.
In December 2014, the site moved to the Somalia domain name kickass.so. Reports stated that it was moved as a result of site's regular domain change. On 9 February 2015, kickass.so was listed as "banned" on Whois, causing the site to go offline. Later that day, the site reverted to its former domain name kickass.to.
On 14 February 2015, it was found that messages mentioning "kickass.to" were blocked on Steam chat, but "kickass.so" and other popular torrent websites were not blocked, only flagged as "potentially malicious".
On 23 April 2015, the site moved to the Isle of Man based domain name kickasstorrents.im but was quickly taken down later that day and on 24 April it was moved to the Costa Rica based domain name kat.cr.
By July 2015, the kat.cr address had been removed from Google Search's results. After the removal, the top Google search result for KAT in many locations pointed to a fake KAT site that prompted visitors to download malware.
In October 2015, Portugal bypassed its courts by making a voluntary agreement between ISPs, rightsholders and the Ministry of Culture to block access to KAT and most of the other popular BitTorrent websites.
At the same time, Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox blocked access to KAT because of security concerns with some of the ads pointing to malware. In April 2016, Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox blocked KAT due to phishing concerns. Both blocks were later removed after KAT dealt with the concerns.
Arrest of the alleged owner
On 20 July 2016, the United States Department of Justice announced that it had seized the KAT.cr domain and had identified its alleged owner. Artem Vaulin (Ukrainian: Артем Ваулін), a 30-year-old Ukrainian man known online as "tirm", was detained in Poland after being charged with a four-count U.S. criminal indictment. The remaining domains were taken offline voluntarily after the KAT.cr domain name was seized. Following the seizure of the original KAT domain multiple unofficial mirrors have been put online. These have no connection to the original team who have been urging users to exercise caution. A number of these mirrors have since been taken down.
Vaulin was arrested after investigators cross-referenced an IP address he used for an iTunes transaction with an IP address used to log into KAT's Facebook page. The FBI also posed as an advertiser and obtained details of a bank account associated with the site. The investigation was led by special agent Jared Der-Yeghiayan, who also tracked down Ross Ulbricht, the operator of the online black market Silk Road.
The criminal complaint, filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois by Homeland Security Investigations, said that it was in possession of full copies of KAT's hard drives, including its email server. The investigation suggested that KAT made over $12 million per year in advertising revenue.
In late August 2016, the Department of Justice followed the complaint with a full grand jury indictment of Vaulin and two other defendants, Ievgen Kutsenko and Oleksandr Radostin; while Vaulin was still being held in Polish prison. Vaulin has both a Polish and US legal representation Ira Rothken as his lawyers to handle the allegations. In November 2016, a Polish appeals court refused to allow bail for Vaulin, stating the evidence provided by the US is sufficient to keep him in prison.
In mid-December 2016, some of the former KAT staff and moderators launched a website with a similar appearance as the original under the domain katcr.co.
- "Alexa Top 500 Global Sites". Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- Nick Statt (20 July 2016). "KickassTorrents domains seized after alleged owner is arrested in Poland". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
- "KickassTorrents Brought Back to Life by Original Staffers (Updated) - TorrentFreak". 16 December 2016.
- "KAT DMCA". Archived from the original on 25 February 2015.
- Ernesto (22 April 2011). "KickassTorrents Moves to Kat.ph". TorrentFreak. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- Ernesto (23 April 2015). "KickassTorrents Moves to Isle of Man Domain Name". TorrentFreak. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- O'Carroll, Lisa (28 February 2013). "Online piracy: ISPs ordered to block access to three file-sharing websites". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- EMI Records Limited, Infectious Limited, Liberation Music Pty Limited, Polydor Limited, Simco Limited, Sony Music Entertainment UK Limited, Universal Music Operations Limited, Virgin Records Limited, Warner Music UK Limited, Weainternational Inc v British Sky Broadcasting Limited, British Telecommunications Plc, Everything Everywhere Limited, TalktalkTelecom Group Plc, Telefónica UK Limited, Virgin Media Limited  EWHC 379 (Ch) (28 February 2013), High Court (England and Wales)
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- "Belgische providers blokkeren meer torrentsites" (in Dutch).
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- Ernesto (9 February 2015). "Kickass Torrents taken down by domain name seizure". TorrentFreak. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
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- "KickassTorrents Moves to Isle of Man Domain Name". 23 April 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
- "KickassTorrents is moving to kat.cr domain". kat.cr. 25 April 2015. Archived from the original on 6 June 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
- Ernesto (18 July 2015). "KickassTorrents Disappears From Google After Penalty". TorrentFreak. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
- Ernesto (26 October 2015). "Portugal Blocks Popular Torrent and Streaming Sites". TorrentFreak. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
- Ernesto (27 October 2015). "KickassTorrents Blocked Again Over "Harmful Programs"". Retrieved 21 July 2016.
- "Chrome and Firefox Block KickassTorrents as "Phishing" Site". TorrentFreak. 12 April 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
- "KickassTorrents enters the dark webs, adds official Tor address". Torrentfreak. 7 June 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
- "KickassTorrents Domain for Sale at just $230". Archived from the original on 10 August 2016. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
- "KickassTorrents Domain Goes Up For Sale For A Minimum Bid of $230". Retrieved 9 August 2016.
- "Kickass Torrents targeted by DOJ, feds say website distributed $1 billion in copyrighted works". Washington Times. 20 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
- Van der Sar, Ernesto (20 July 2016). "Feds Seize KickassTorrents Domains, Arrest Owner". TorrentFreak. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
- Van Der Sar, Ernesto. "KickassTorrents Mirrors and Imposters Spring into Action". Torrent Freak. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- Van der Sar, Ernesto. "KickassTorrents Community Resurrects, Without Torrents". Torrent Freak. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- Protalinski, Emil. "KickassTorrents mirrors go down, but new KAT sites quickly spring up". Vebture Beat. VentureBeat. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- Ockenden, Will (22 July 2016). "Kickass Torrents: How did the US Government bring down the file-sharing site?". news.com.au. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
- "Can KickassTorrents Make a Comeback?". TorrentFreak. 21 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
- Van der Sar, Ernesto (25 August 2016). "U.S. Government Indicts Three Alleged KickassTorrents Operators". TorrentFreak. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- Van der Sar, Ernesto (28 July 2016). "KickassTorrents' Alleged Owner Retains Kim Dotcom's Lawyer". TorrentFreak. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- "Extradition proceedings underway in Kickass case". Complete Music Update. 2016-10-04. Retrieved 2016-10-09.
- Alleged KickassTorrents Owner Stays in Prison, Court Rules November 2, 2016