Kicks after the siren in Australian rules football
In Australian rules football, if a player takes a mark or is awarded a free kick shortly before the siren sounds to end a quarter, the player is allowed to take the kick after the siren. Often, the result of this kick is of little consequence, but if the player is within range of goal, any score will count towards the final result.
Below is a list of occasions where game results have been decided by set shots taken after the final siren, a play similar to the buzzer-beater in basketball. These are highly memorable and often go down in football folklore.
Goal to win
Goal to draw
|3||Stephen MacPherson||Footscray||North Melbourne||1987||125–125|
|4||Ray Windsor||Brisbane Bears||West Coast||1992||92–92|||
|5||Ashley Sampi||West Coast||Western Bulldogs||2003||124–124|||
|6||Daniel Bradshaw||Brisbane Lions||Essendon||2009||87–87|||
Behind to win
Behind to draw
|2||Gerry Donnelly||North Melbourne||Hawthorn||1926||70–70|||
|4||Matthew Lloyd||Essendon||Western Bulldogs||2002||118–118|||
A list of instances where a player had a shot at goal after the siren to win or draw the game but missed, resulting in a loss, or instances where a player has had a kick after the siren with scores level but failed to score.
Goal to win
Goal to draw
|1||Justin Mcconnell||South Australian National Football League||Glenelg Football Club||Central District Bulldogs||2009||81–81|||
|2||Mark Williams||NAB Cup (lightning match)||Essendon||St Kilda||2011||38–38|
Behind to win
|1||Scarborough||Northern Tasmanian Football Association||North Launceston||Launceston||1901||30–29||Grand Final|
|2||Luke Russell||NAB Cup (lightning match)||Gold Coast||Hawthorn||2013||30–29|||
|1||Dave McNamara||Victorian Football Association||Essendon (A.)||Brunswick Football Club||1911||63–65||A goal would have won the premiership for Essendon; the loss forced a Grand Final the following week.|||
|2||Fred Fanning||Interstate carnival||Victoria||Western Australia||1947||102–106||Victoria still went on to win the carnival on percentage|||
|3||Geoff Wilson||VFL Reserves||Hawthorn||Geelong||1960||52–57||Geelong won the 1960 VFL reserves Grand Final|||
|4||Justin Plapp||Tasmanian State League||Burnie Dockers||Clarence||2009||100–103||Clarence make 2009 Tasmanian State League grand final.|||
|5||Jaye Bowden||Tasmanian State League||Glenorchy||Lauderdale||2010||85–90||Lauderdale's first win ever against Glenorchy.|||
There have been some cases of a kick after the siren which cannot be properly classified into one of the above tables due to extraordinary circumstances surrounding the outcomes of the games.
|No kick||North Melbourne trailed 51–56 in the semi-final, and Considine had a shot after the bell from 30yds out. Fans stormed onto the field, and prevented Considine from taking his kick. The players eventually left the field, the match was declared a no result and a replay was held the next week.|
|2||David Collins||Tasmanian State Premiership||North Hobart (TANFL)||Wynyard (NWFU)||1967||91–92
|No kick||North Hobart trailed 91–92, and Collins had a shot after the siren from 20m out. Home-team Wynyard fans stormed onto the field, and prevented Collins from taking his kick right up until the Wynyard fans had taken down the goalposts, making a set shot impossible. Collins never got to take his kick, the match was declared a no result and the 1967 state premiership was withheld. For more details, see 1967 Tasmanian State Premiership Final.|
|3||Paul Peos||Panasonic Cup||West Coast Eagles||Hawthorn||1989||89-88 (after extra time)||West Coast win||With scores level at 88-88 after normal time, the game went to golden point, with Paul Peos scoring a match-winning behind from fifty metres out directly in front in open play. This rule was scrapped shortly after.|
|4||Steven Baker||AFL||St Kilda||Fremantle||2006||94–94
|Behind, but withdrawn on review||In a passage of play that occurred after the siren sounded inaudibly, Baker scored a behind to tie the game, and received an illegal bump. He elected to cancel the behind and take a set-shot, which (with the umpires having now heard the siren) was a true after-the-siren kick. He scored another behind, drawing the scores level 94–94. However, four days later, Fremantle successfully challenged to have the result of the game amended to 94–93, reflecting the scoreline when the siren originally sounded. This decision cancelled Baker's kick. For more details see AFL siren controversy, 2006|
- Ted Collins received a free kick within range but passed the ball to Schmidt with seconds to go. "Schmidt had his shot, placed it high and fairly between the posts..." The Argus 04.08.1913 p12
- "...Gordon marked half-foward [sic]. Before he could kick the gong sounded but he did not hesitate, and with the confidence of a veteran kicked for goal, and got it..." The Argus 11.08.1913 p. 10
- Fleming took a mark about 40 yards out from goal moments before the siren and was allowed three consecutive shots on goal, as after the first two occasions it was deemed that the number of Fitzroy players on the mark as well as the surrounding supporters had put off his ability to kick fairly. "Thrills in Sport THIRD KICK WINS GAME". The Argus (Melbourne) (29,243) (Victoria, Australia). 14 May 1940. p. 12. Retrieved 16 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- Smedley was running towards an empty goal square but the bell sounded before he kicked it through. The goal stood because the umpire hadn't heard the bell, even though the ball left his boot seconds after it rang. Full Points Footy
- "... Strang was in position, and, marking, went back to take his shot. Before he could kick the bell rang, and he coolly punted the goal which gave Richmond the match." The Argus 08.08.1932 p11
- "The seconds ticked off as South tried to break through. Suddenly Brain marked in front, and the bell rang. It was a tense moment as Brain took his shot. The bail sailed through goal to a tornado of cheers." Short Pass (29 July 1933). "South win match after the bell". The Sporting Globe. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- Coolly slotted the set shot from 40 yards out after the siren, despite the crowds of people already having inhabited the playing field. "Dramatic Win – Goal Kicked After Bell". The Age (26,249) (Victoria, Australia). 5 June 1939. p. 6. Retrieved 16 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- Marked "right in front" as the bell rang, kicking truly to win the match. "North Melb. Angry". The Age (26,291) (Victoria, Australia). 24 July 1939. p. 6. Retrieved 16 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "PRINCELY START: BEGGARLY FINISH". Sporting Globe , (2518) (Victoria, Australia). 7 August 1946. p. 12 (Edition2 : Football Section). Retrieved 15 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "North Melbourne's desperate point-by-point recovery to even the scores at the bell and a quick winning goal by Spencer before field umpire Sawyer had heard the bell provided the last thrill". "Goal After Bell Won For North Melbourne". The Argus. 30 May 1949. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- Nolan "took a glorious mark in the goal square" and then converted after the siren rang out to give the Swans a six-point win, keeping them in the top four. "SOUTH SAVE PLACE WITH LAST- KICK GOAL". Sporting Globe , (3142) (Victoria, Australia). 19 July 1952. p. 1. Retrieved 16 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- Hawthorn's first ever win against Collingwood at Victoria Park
- In Campbell's first game, he claims that he miscued the winning goal. "Campbell "miscued" final kick". The Age. 22 August 1966. p. 18.
- Kicked a point from his first kick, then was allowed a second due to his opponent overstepping on the mark "Sensational kick gives Geelong one-point victory". The Canberra Times (11,665) (Australian Capital Territory, Australia). 17 April 1967. p. 13. Retrieved 15 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- Received a 15 metre penalty to enable him to kick from the goalsquare Speelman, Paul (23 July 1973). "North's Doug and Sam show - what a winner". The Age. p. 22.
- Blight kicked three goals in time-on in the last quarter, the last of them 60 metres out after the final siren Sheahan, Mike (7 June 1976). "Some Goose". The Age. p. 24.
- A kick from an acute angle, but close to goal Piesse, Ken (23 August 1976). "One way to squander a great day of gardening". The Age. p. 22.
- North Melbourne claimed that the ball was touched, but it was paid as a goal. Carter, Ron (10 July 1978). "The shot that left the Roos hopping mad". The Age. p. 1.
- Roberts debuted in this match Comerford, Damien (31 March 1980). "Mourning after the plight before". The Age. p. 30.
- Got a controversial free kick after the siren
- Intercepted a chipped kick across goal by Collingwood defender Graeme Allan The Age 04.06.1984 p24
- Clarkson made his debut in this match
- Set shot from 20 metres on a wide angle. The win secured the 1987 minor premiership, and therefore a bye in the first week of the finals, for Carlton. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=HPdUAAAAIBAJ&sjid=5JIDAAAAIBAJ&pg=2149%2C7859224 The Age 31.08.1987 p30
- This goal at the end of the preliminary final put Hawthorn into the Grand Final. A free kick was awarded to Buckenara about 50m from goal just before the siren sounded. He was brought closer to goal due to a 15-metre penalty paid against Jim Stynes for running across the mark. Adding to the confusion, none of the on-field umpires could hear the siren over the capacity crowd, and it was not until the encroachment of police onto the field that the umpires recognized that the siren had sounded and brought an end to the game; Stynes' infraction occurred while the siren was still sounding but before it had been acknowledged. Bruce Matthews (21 September 1987). "Ump tells". The Sun News-Pictorial (Melbourne, VIC). p. 100. Video
- The last of three consecutive free kicks to Adelaide was paid to Jameson 40m from goal with 20 seconds left. Jameson, a notably reliable kicker, converted after the siren from just inside 50m. Video
- After a Footscray goal with 26 seconds remaining in the First Qualifying Final, Geelong rushed the ball forward and Brownless took a mark 20m out with 12 seconds left. He kicked truly after the siren. Video of last minute
- In the Second Preliminary Final, the scores were level when Ablett marked 5m out with a few seconds left. His goal put Geelong into the Grand Final against West Coast. Video of last 2 minutes
- Goal after the siren from 35 metres on a slight angle, to give Fremantle victory by 5 points. Video
- Marked a Brayden Lyle kick and goaled after the siren from 30m out directly in front. Video
- Took a pack mark with 5 seconds left and converted the set shot after the siren from 30 m out on a 45-degree angle. Video of last minute
- Kicked truly from 20 metres out to secure an upset win. This was Hall's last game for St Kilda as he moved to Sydney the next season. Video
- Kicked a goal from 35 metres on an angle, after Shannon Motlop gave away a free kick off the ball at a stoppage moments before the siren. Video
- Received a free kick for a push in the back with 2 seconds left, and kicked the goal after the siren from 30m. Farmer's goals (he kicked the last two of the match) gave Fremantle a come-from-behind win over his old club, Melbourne. Video
- Carlton had come back from 44 points down in the final quarter to hit the lead with 26 seconds to play. But Geelong won the centre clearance and Riccardi marked just inside 50m with 15 seconds left. His kick after the siren from outside 50m looked ugly off the boot but sailed through to steal the match. Video of last 4 minutes
- With 20 seconds remaining, Port Adelaide cleared the ball from a centre stoppage and Poulton marked directly in front. His drop punt from just outside 50m sailed through the middle. Video
- Marked about 35m out on a slight angle and converted the shot after the siren. Video of last few minutes
- Awarded a free kick 20m out directly in front with the score tied. The siren sounded as he began his approach, and he kicked the goal sealing victory for the Swans. Hall remains the only player to twice win a match after the siren after doing so for St Kilda four years earlier. Video
- Took a screamer in the right forward pocket, 30 metres out on a 45-degree angle, and kicked truly after the siren to put Fremantle in the top eight with a round remaining in the season. The match itself was controversial, subsequently becoming known as the Whispers in the Sky match. Video
- Marked the ball right on the siren, 45 metres out almost directly in front. The mark was paid and he kicked the goal. This match later became associated with the Melbourne Football Club tanking scandal. Video
- Rugby league convert Karmichael Hunt marked with two seconds remaining, and kicked a goal from 25m out on a 45-degree angle. The win ended a twenty-one match losing streak for Gold Coast. Video of last 4 minutes
- Marked the ball at centre half forward on the 50m arc and lined up for goal. The siren went as Hawkins was walking in to kick the ball. Video of last 2 minutes
- Took a pack mark 25 metres from goal on a 45-degree angle and kicked truly after the siren. Video
- Took a mark 50m out just before the siren and converted the set shot in his 200th match. Brisbane had been 52 points down in the third quarter before coming back to win by 5. Video of last 2 minutes
- Took a mark 45m out just before the siren and converted the set shot.
- One of just five goals in his career
- Baggott, Melbourne's boyish full-forward kicked the vital goal as the bell rang. "The Argus" 26.08.1935 p13
- Set shot 50 metres out from goal. One of only two draws the Bears would ever play in. AFL Tables
- In a high-scoring thriller, 19-year-old Sampi took a pack mark 15m out on a tricky angle with 8 seconds left. His goal after the siren drew the match. Video of last 7.5 minutes
- Marked in the goalsquare with 5 seconds on the clock and goaled from point blank range after the siren. Video
- With less than a minute left Ryan levelled the scores with a behind, and, pressing on the attack, the ball went to Hickey, who marked just before the bell rang. With people swarming on to the ground his 45 to 50 yards punt kick went off the hands of Chitty for a behind. The kick directly resulted in Footscray displacing Carlton in the final four; it was the last round of home-and-away matches, and a draw would have been sufficient for Carlton to retain fourth place. "The Argus" 04.09.1944 p9
- Newland took a mark either just before, or maybe just after, the siren sounded with scores level, and then kicked a behind to win. McFarlane, Peter (21 August 1972). "Eight reported, five hurt". The Age. p. 22.
- Marked on the lead with seconds remaining in the First Preliminary Final. Needing only a score to win, Lockett kicked a behind from directly in front, just beyond 50m, to put the Sydney Swans into Grand Final for the first time in 51 years. Video
- Marked 20 metres out on a sharp angle with a second remaining, and kicked a point to win the match after the siren. Video of last few minutes
- Awarded a free kick just before the final bell. The goal umpire deemed the kick to have been touched by a Melbourne player and hence given as a point. However, under the rules of the day, as the final bell had rung, the ball would have been dead if it was touched before passing the goal line. Melbourne protested that the score should have been annulled, and Geelong protested that the umpires were the sole judge of when the game ends. The VFL investigation committee agreed that the field umpire was sole arbitrator of the end of the game and dismissed the appeal, leaving the game as a tie. "A DISPUTE.". Geelong Advertiser (19,987) (Victoria, Australia). 8 May 1911. p. 5. Retrieved 15 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.; "Protest Dismissed.". The Argus (Melbourne) (20,218) (Victoria, Australia). 11 May 1911. p. 5. Retrieved 15 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "North's deficiency stood at one point. Play hovered in Hawthorn territory, and as the bell tinkled the ball was shot over to Donnelly. His hasty shot, scored after the bell had ceased, went behind. The waving of the one flag by the goal umpire coincided with the signal of the boundary umpire which further added to the confusion, many people mistaking his sign to denote that the ball had gone out of bounds. In reality he was trying to convey to the field umpire that the final bell had been rung. The next few minutes was pandemonium, umpires, players and hundreds of spectators, all voicing their opinions." "After the bell". The Argus. 9 August 1926. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- Given a dubious 'holding the man' decision, kick fell short, punched through for a dubious 'rushed behind' decision. Slattery, Geoff (29 March 1982). "Premiers "share" big day". The Age. p. 26.
- Awarded a free kick 15m out on an acute angle just before the siren. Missed the set shot, resulting in a drawn match. Video of second half highlights
- 1903 VFL Grand Final.
- Metcalf marked at half-forward and took his kick after the bell rang; the heavy wind swept it out of bounds on the full. "Had Metcalfe Goaled After the Bell, North Alone Would Have Been Leaders". Sporting Globe , (502) (Victoria, Australia). 18 May 1927. p. 8 (Edition1 : Football Section). Retrieved 16 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- Barassi received a free kick at half-forward after being tripped, but missed his shot after the siren. The Argus:"Great Finish By Geelong"
- Pimm marked as the final bell sounded as was "within easy scoring distance" but missed the shot which would have tied the game. "PIMM MARKS ON BELL, BUT MISSES GOAL FOR TIE". The Argus (Melbourne) (31,799) (Victoria, Australia). 2 August 1948. p. 6. Retrieved 16 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- Blight kicked a point just before the siren to level the scores, but was infringed in the act, so was given the choice of accepting the behind or re-taking his kick. He elected to take another kick and missed everything. "The Age", 20 June 1977, p32.
- Ralph was paid a free kick 20 metres out and on an angle, needing a goal to secure the draw but missed narrowly. Real Footy
- Hit the post with a set shot after the siren. Game stats from AFL Tables
- Had a set shot next to the behind post for his eighth goal and the win, but missed the shot. Brisbane's Mike Richardson sat on the shoulders of the man of the mark Matthew Campbell, which caused the league to change the rules to allow only one man on the mark. Beasley was also harassed by Brisbane Bears fans who ran onto the field after the siren, with some alleged to have thrown dirt and beer at him, drawing criticism of crowd control at Carrara Stadium. Video
- Michael Horan; Peter Simunovich (13 May 1988). "Carrara chaos". The Sun News-Pictorial (Melbourne, VIC). p. 92.
- His torpedo shot for goal, after receiving a free kick, landed in the goalsquare.
- Had a set shot from 40 metres out on an angle and needed just a behind to win the game, but his kick missed everything. Blueseum
- Had a set-shot from the right behind post following a deliberate out-of-bounds free kick against Andrew McKay. The shot hit the post. 
- "Dockers skipper and former Hawthorn premiership player Ben Allan could have stolen the game with a 70m free kick after the final siren. Sadly for the competition newcomers, Allan's drop punt with the breeze saw the ball fall just short." Kogoy, Peter (29 April 1995). "Bulldogs – in last seconds". The Sun-Herald. p. 89. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- Awarded a free kick on the siren, 55 metres out at centre half forward. Attempted a torpedo punt but fell 5 metres short in the goalsquare. Video of last 10 minutes
- Awarded a free kick 15 metres out on a slight angle. Missed very narrowly.
- Marked 50 metres out straight in front and kicked after the siren to win the match, but pushed his kick to the left. Melbourne's win after being 34 points down in the second quarter ended a 7-match losing streak. Video of last 5 minutes
- Took a strong contested mark seconds before the siren and despite being 20 metres out on only a slight angle he tugged it right.
- Marked the ball with a second remaining, 40 metres out on a slight angle, kicked it wide for a point. Heraldsun
- Marked the ball with a second remaining, 55 metres out straight in front, fell short by 5 metres. Heraldsun The Age
- In teammate Jason Akermanis' 300th game, Johnson marked the ball near the right-hand behind post, running back with the flight. He attempted to run around and snap for goal but was denied by the umpire. The siren then sounded and Johnson attempted a banana kick which missed, allowing Geelong to hand on to a 2-point win. Video of last 5 minutes
- Took a mark 40 metres out on a 45-degree angle, and missed to the right. Essendon's victory ended St Kilda's run of 19 successive wins from the beginning of the season. Video of last few minutes
- In their third AFL match, Gold Coast came from 40 points behind to hit the lead with 2 minutes remaining. Westhoff then had the chance to win the game for Port Adelaide, marking 35 metres from goal on a 30-degree angle to the left, but missed after the siren to the far side. This was Gold Coast's first ever AFL win. Video of 4th quarter highlights
- With one second left, Ballantyne was awarded a controversial free kick for deliberate out of bounds, 50 metres from goal. His shot after the siren appeared true, but faded to hit the far goal post, consigning Fremantle to a one-point loss. Video
- Marked 45 metres out almost straight in front with 13 seconds left. His kick narrowly missed to the left. Video
- After a dramatic last quarter comeback from North Melbourne, McIntosh had the chance to win the match when he marked with 12 seconds left, 30 metres on a 45-degree angle. However, he pushed the ball across the face for a behind. Video of match highlights
- The last of three successive missed by Fremantle players, each of which would have put their side in front in the dying stages. Mundy marked 45 metres out on a 45-degree angle with 13 seconds remaining. His kick for goal narrowly missed to the right.
- Marked on the final bell and goaled from 40yds. Observer (22 June 1895). "Football – the battle for the premiership". The Argus (Melbourne, VIC). p. 6.
- The Luck of Football, The Argus, Monday, 8 July 1895, p.6; The football Season, The Age, (Monday, 8 July 1895), p.6.
- With scores level in the Semi-final, Thoms gathered the ball and kicked a goal after the bell began ringing. The umpire hadn't signalled the end of the game so it was allowed and booked West Torrens a spot in the Grand Final.
- Cook was awarded a free kick after an errant kick by Sandringham full-back went out of bounds without being touched. Siren went while he prepared to kick. A 60-yard torpedo snuck through to give Camberwell victory. "GOAL AFTER BELL BEATS ZEBRAS.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 5 May 1952. p. 10. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- Melbourne came back from over 30 points down in the last quarter to win the second semi final. Rickards took a mark about 50 yards out and on a difficult angle just before the siren sounded. In a swirling wind, he kicked a "perfect drop kick" to send the Demons' reserves through to the grand final. "Demons Win With Goal After Siren". The Age. 13 September 1954. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- Controversial finish as Baldock goaled after the siren. He'd been awarded a mark by Umpire C Crowe, although ball was in air when siren sounded. Strong wind blowing across ground prevented umpire from hearing it until after his decision was made. The Advocate, 16 May 1955
- Second semi-final. Andjelkovic, who had come on in the final quarter as the 17th man, marked 25-35 yards from goal with seconds remaining; he stubbed the ground while kicking, but the kick just went through for a goal; it was Geelong West's 21st consecutive win, as part of a perfect season, and qualified it for the Grand Final."West sneaks into final". Geelong Advertiser (Geelong, VIC). 28 August 1972. p. 12.
- Siren sounded before Good marked the ball but as the umpire hadn't signaled the end of the game Good was allowed to take his kick Australianrules.com
- Cleeland was given a free kick on the wing, and Blighty conceded a 50-metre penalty for throwing the ball away. The siren sounded, and the end of play was signalled by the umpire, after the 50-metre penalty was awarded but before it was measured out. The Blighty players believed they had won and began celebrating, but the 50-metre penalty was measured out and Cleeland goaled from 50m out to win the premiership for Waaia. Blighty lodged an official protest, but it was dismissed. 
- Ash Nugent. "Controversial finish as South Africa defeat Ireland after the siren". Worldfootynews.com.
- "Ballarat Swans snare BFL premiership". Thecourier.com.au. 20 September 2008.
- Mallinder, Terry (14 July 2009). "Seagulls Grant-ed reprieve after final siren – Sport – Sport – Hobsons Bay Leader". Hobsons-bay-leader.whereilive.com.au.
- Prior converted his third goal of the final quarter to complete a remarkable East Perth comeback 
- Converted from 40m on a 45-degree angle in terrible conditions
- First semi-final: Kiel marked with eight seconds to play then converted from 40m after the siren. King, Martn (September 2012). "Bulldogs in lot of trouble".
- Marked with seconds remaining and converted from 30m out near the boundary line."Jack Riewoldt wins it after the siren for Richmond while Hawthorn reels from Matt Suckling injury". 9 March 2013.
- Sunday Mail, 26 July 2009
- Scarborough's set shot from in front was touched by two Launceston players before crossing the goal line. The goal umpire initially awarded no score, thinking the ball was dead once touched after the siren, but after an argument with a spectator, the behind was awarded. North Launceston Football Club history, retrieved 9 November 2010.
- Earned a free kick from 50 metres out on the boundary line just as the siren sounded and managed to convert a behind.
- Place kick from 40yds out directly in front in the final, taken with hundreds of spectators already on the field, missed by 6ft. A goal would have won the premiership for Essendon, but as they were minor premiers, the loss meant a rematch against Brunswick the following week, in which Essendon was victorious. Old Boy (18 September 1911). "Association Final – Magnificent contest". The Argus (Melbourne, VIC). p. 5.
- Fanning marked 40 yards from goal as the final bell rang, but missed his shot."Forty-five years of Carnival Football". Western Mail (Perth, WA). 9 July 1953. p. 16–17.
- Geelong led by five points in the 1960 VFL Reserves Grand Final. Wilson marked for Hawthorn 40 yards from goal on the half forward flank as the siren sounded. A goal would have delivered a one-point win to Hawthorn, but his shot went out of bounds, and Geelong won the Grand Final by five points. "Geelong hangs on to win flag". The Age (Melbourne, VIC). 26 September 1960. p. 22.
- 2009 TSL season#Season summary
- Adam Smith (18 April 2010). "Lauderdale's upset win AFL". The Mercury.
- "Football incident – when is time up?". The Argus (Melbourne, VIC). 27 September 1920. p. 6.
- The Official statistical history of the AFL (annual publications)