He was born in Adi Bana. As a junior, he competed in the junior races at the IAAF World Cross Country Championships, finishing sixteenth in 2005 and eleventh in 2006. He finished sixth in the 5000 metres at the 2006 World Junior Championships.
At the 2008 Olympic Games he finished tenth in the 5000 metres and twelfth in the 10,000 metres. At the 2009 World Championships he finished ninth in the 10,000 metres and failed to reach the final of the 5000 metres. His best finish at the World Cross Country Championships in a senior race was 26th in 2008.
He was part of the Eritrean silver medal winning team at the 2010 IAAF World Cross Country Championships. The following November he took third behind the competition's gold and silver medallists (Joseph Ebuya and Teklemariam Medhin) at the Cross de Atapuerca, and was then second to Medhin at the Oeiras Cross. He was third behind the duo again at the Cross de la Constitución in December. After missing the entirety of the 2011 track season, he returned to competition on grass and was a close second at the Cross de Atapuerca in November, losing in a sprint finish against the world champion Imane Merga. At the Cross Valle de Llodio he was again runner-up, beaten by Leonard Komon, but he edged Ebuya to win the Cross de la Constitución.
- nb Although Kidane's brother, Zersenay Tadese, clarified that Tadasse and Tadesse were incorrect and that Tadese is the proper form of his Habesha name, Kidane is most commonly known as Kidane Tadesse or Tadasse.
- Kidane Tadesse. Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2011-12-05.
- Kidane Tadesse profile at IAAF
- Valiente, Emeterio (2010-11-07). Medhin and Dibaba outclass World champions in Atapuerca. IAAF. Retrieved on 2010-11-07.
- Fernandes, António Manuel (2010-11-13). Medhin takes second victory of season; Rosa women’s winner in Oeiras. IAAF. Retrieved on 2010-11-14.
- Valiente, Emeterio (2010-12-06). Ebuya breezes in Alcobendas. IAAF. Retrieved on 2010-12-07.
- Valiente, Emeterio (2011-11-13). Merga and Masai confirm supremacy in Atapuerca as IAAF Cross Country Permit season kicks off Archived 2011-11-14 at the Wayback Machine.. IAAF. Retrieved on 2011-11-15.
- Valiente, Emeterio (2011-11-28). Komon and Ejjafini succeed in Llodio XC. IAAF. Retrieved on 2011-11-28.
- Valiente, Emeterio (2011-12-04). Kidane defeats Ebuya in Alcobendas. IAAF. Retrieved on 2011-12-05.
- Focus on Athletes - Zersenay Tadese. IAAF (2009-10-04). Retrieved on 2010-03-01.
- Kidane Tadesse. Sports-Reference. Retrieved on 2010-12-08.