Ariel Castro kidnappings
|Three women captive in Ariel Castro's home|
Berry, DeJesus and Knight prior to their abductions
|Location||2207 Seymour Avenue, Tremont, Cleveland, Ohio, 44113-5108, U.S.|
|Date||August 23, 2002 – May 6, 2013|
|Kidnapping, rape, aggravated murder, attempted murder, assault|
Between 2002 and 2004, three young women, Michelle Knight, Amanda Berry, and Georgina "Gina" DeJesus, were kidnapped by Ariel Castro (July 10, 1960 – September 3, 2013) in his home in the Tremont neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio. They were subsequently imprisoned in his house on Seymour Avenue until May 6, 2013, when Berry escaped with her six-year-old daughter and contacted the police. Knight and DeJesus were rescued by responding officers and Castro was arrested within hours.
On May 8, 2013, Castro was charged with four counts of kidnapping and three counts of rape. Castro pled guilty to 937 criminal counts of rape, kidnapping, and aggravated murder as part of a plea bargain. He was sentenced to life in prison without the chance of parole plus 1,000 years. One month into his sentence, Castro committed suicide by hanging himself with bedsheets in his prison cell.
Castro was 52 years old at the time of his arrest. He was born on July 10, 1960 in San Juan, Puerto Rico to Pedro Castro and Lillian Rodriguez. Shortly after his parents divorced, when he was a child, Castro moved to the mainland U.S. with his mother and three siblings. The family first settled in Reading, Pennsylvania, and later moved to Cleveland, where Castro's father and several other extended family members were living. Castro had nine siblings in total. According to Castro's uncle, the Castro family knew the DeJesus family and had lived in the same west Cleveland neighborhood. Castro was a 1979 graduate of Cleveland's Lincoln-West High School.
Castro met his future common law wife, Grimilda Figueroa, when his family moved into a house across the street from hers in the 1980s. Castro and Figueroa lived with both sets of parents, but moved into their own home at 2207 Seymour Avenue in 1992. Their home was a two-story, 1,400-square-foot (130 m2), four-bedroom, one-bathroom house with a 760-square-foot (71 m2) unfinished basement built in 1890 and remodeled in 1956. According to Figueroa's sister, Elida Caraballo, when Figueroa and Castro moved into their new home, "all hell started breaking loose." Caraballo and her husband Frank claim Castro beat Figueroa, breaking her nose, ribs, and arms. He also threw her down a flight of stairs, cracking her skull. In 1993, Castro was arrested for domestic violence but was not indicted by a grand jury.
Figueroa moved out of the home in 1996 and secured custody of her four children. Police assisted in the move and detained Castro, but did not pursue charges. Castro continued to threaten and attack Figueroa after she left him, according to Caraballo. A 2005 filing by Figueroa in Cuyahoga County Domestic Relations Court accused Castro of inflicting multiple severe injuries on her and of "frequently abduct[ing]" his daughters. A temporary restraining order against Castro was granted, but was dismissed a few months later. Figueroa died in 2012 due to complications from a brain tumor.
Before his arrest, Castro worked as a bus driver for the Cleveland Metropolitan School District until he was fired for "bad judgment" including making an illegal U-turn with children on his bus, using his bus to go grocery shopping, leaving a child on the bus while he went for lunch, and for leaving the bus unattended while he took a nap at home. He was earning $18.91 per hour when he was discharged. At the time of his arrest, Castro's home was in foreclosure due to three years (2010–12) of unpaid real estate taxes.
Each woman was kidnapped after accepting a ride from Castro. Castro drove each to his home, lured her inside, took her to the basement and restrained her. The Seymour Avenue house where they were held was approximately 3 miles (5 km) from where they had disappeared, in Cleveland's residential Tremont neighborhood.
Michelle Knight (born April 1, 1981), disappeared on August 23, 2002, after leaving a cousin's house. Knight was 21 years old at the time. On the day of her disappearance, she was scheduled to appear in court for a child custody case involving her son, of whom she had previously lost custody to the state.
Following Knight's rescue, police acknowledged that limited resources had been spent on investigating her disappearance, in part because she was an adult. She was believed to have run away voluntarily due to anger over losing custody of her son. According to Cleveland Deputy Police Chief Ed Tomba, Knight "was the focus of very few tips." Knight's removal from the National Crime Information Center database 15 months after she disappeared has been criticized. Police and the FBI maintain that her inclusion or exclusion had no bearing on her rescue.
Amanda Marie Berry (born 22 April, 1986), disappeared on April 21, 2003, one day before her 17th birthday. Berry was last heard from when she called her sister to tell her that she was getting a ride home from her job at a Burger King at West 110th Street and Lorain Avenue. The FBI initially considered Berry a runaway, until a week after her disappearance, when an unidentified male used Berry's cell phone to call her mother, saying "I have Amanda. She's fine and will be coming home in a couple of days."
Berry was featured in a 2004 segment of America's Most Wanted (re-aired in 2005 and 2006), which linked her to Gina DeJesus, who by that point had also gone missing in Cleveland. They were profiled on The Oprah Winfrey Show and The Montel Williams Show, where self-described psychic Sylvia Browne told Berry's mother, Louwana Miller, in 2004 that her daughter Amanda was dead, and that she was "in water." This pronouncement devastated her mother, causing her to take down pictures and give away her daughter's computer. However, Miller continued to search for Berry until Miller's death from heart failure in 2006. After Berry was found alive in 2013, Browne received criticism for the false declaration that Berry was dead.
In July 2012, Robert Wolford, a prison inmate who previously lived in the neighborhood where the women disappeared, claimed to have information about the location of Berry's body and led police to an empty lot on Cleveland's West Side, where a fruitless search was conducted. Wolford was sentenced in January 2013 to four and a half years in prison for obstruction of justice, making a false report, and making a false alarm.
Georgina "Gina" Lynn DeJesus (born February 13, 1990), went missing at age 14. She was last seen at a pay phone at about 3 p.m. on April 2, 2004, on the way home from her middle school at West 105th Street and Lorain Avenue. DeJesus and her friend, Ariel Castro's daughter Arlene, had called Castro's ex-wife, Grimilda Figueroa, for permission to have a sleepover at DeJesus' house, but Figueroa had said they could not, and the two girls parted ways. Arlene Castro was the last person to see DeJesus before her disappearance.
Because no one witnessed DeJesus' abduction, an AMBER Alert was not issued, which angered her father. He said in 2006, "The Amber Alert should work for any missing child...Whether it's an abduction or a runaway, a child needs to be found. We need to change this law."
A year after DeJesus' disappearance, the FBI released a composite sketch and description of a male suspect, described as "Latino, 25 to 35 years of age, 5 feet 10 inches (1.78 m), 165 to 185 pounds (75 to 84 kg), with green eyes, a goatee and possibly a pencil-thin beard." According to court records, Castro was 1.7 m (5 ft 7 in) and weighed 81 kilograms (179 lb); he had brown eyes and a goatee.
DeJesus was featured on a 2004 America's Most Wanted segment, which re-aired in 2005 and 2006, and which linked her to Berry. The disappearances received regular media attention over the years, as recently as 2012, while family and others held vigils and searched for DeJesus and Berry. Castro was identified by Gina's family in video footage of two of these vigils, and he reportedly participated in a search party and tried to get close to the family. While a journalism student in 2004, Ariel's son Anthony Castro interviewed DeJesus' mother for an article about the Berry and DeJesus disappearances in the Plain Press. Police kept an active investigation open, offering a $25,000 reward for information.
At first when Knight was kidnapped, Castro took her upstairs, tied her hands and feet together, and pulled her up using her hands and feet, and also her neck. He left her there for 3 days and only then, on the third day, he fed her. Prosecutors at Castro's sentencing wrote that diaries kept by the women "speak of forced sexual conduct, of being locked in a dark room, of anticipating the next session of abuse, of the dreams of someday escaping and being reunited with family, of being chained to a wall, of being held like a prisoner of war, of missing the lives they once enjoyed, of emotional abuse, of his threats to kill, of being treated like an animal, of continuous abuse, and of desiring freedom." The women were kept in locked upstairs bedrooms, where they were forced to use plastic toilets that were "emptied infrequently." They were fed one meal a day, and allowed to shower at most twice a week.
Knight told police that Castro had impregnated her at least five times and had induced miscarriages each time through beatings: hitting with dumbbells, punching, and slamming her against walls. Starvation was also included. Knight's grandmother told reporters that Knight would require facial reconstruction surgery due to the beatings she endured; Knight also lost hearing in one ear. At one point, Knight had a pet dog while in captivity, but Castro killed the dog by snapping its neck after it bit Castro while trying to protect Knight. DeJesus told law enforcement she was raped but did not believe she was ever impregnated.
In December 2006, Castro allegedly ordered Knight to assist in the birth of Berry's child, which took place in a small inflatable swimming pool, and threatened Knight with death if the baby did not survive. At one point, the baby stopped breathing, but Knight was able to resuscitate her. Castro occasionally took the child out of the house, including to visit his mother; the girl called Castro "daddy" and Castro's mother "grandmother." In 2013, he showed one of his adult daughters a picture of the child and said that it was his girlfriend's daughter.
According to a statement from Cleveland police, officers visited Castro's home only once following the kidnappings to discuss an unrelated incident. Castro did not appear to be home at the time and was later interviewed elsewhere. Although neighbors claimed to have called the police about suspicious activity observed at the home, police say they have no record of any such calls.
After Castro's arrest, his son Anthony (whose real name is Ariel Castro Jr.) described his father's house: "The house was always locked. There were places we could never go. There were locks on the basement. Locks on the attic. Locks on the garage." He said his father asked him if Amanda Berry would ever be found about three weeks before the women's escape. Anthony said he told Ariel that Berry was likely dead, and Ariel responded: "Really? You think so?"
WKYC News reported that during Castro's interrogation, he recalled each of the three abductions in great detail and indicated that they were unplanned crimes of opportunity. According to WKYC's sources, Castro did not have an "exit plan" and believed that he would eventually be caught. He referred to himself as "coldblooded" and a sex addict. Police found a suicide note in Castro's home in which he allegedly discussed the abductions and wrote that his money, videos and possessions should be given to the kidnapped women if he were caught.
Escape and rescue
On May 6, 2013, Berry was able to make contact with neighbors, leading to her escape with her 6-year-old daughter, and the rescue of DeJesus and Knight by authorities. According to police, when Castro left the house that day, Berry realized that he failed to lock the home's "big inside door", although the exterior storm door was bolted. She did not attempt to break through the outer door because "she thought [Castro] was testing her", according to the police report. Previously Castro tested the women by leaving the house partially unlocked and exits unsecured. If they attempted to escape he beat them. Instead Berry screamed for help when she saw neighbors through the screen. Neighbor Angel Cordero responded to the screaming but was unable to communicate with Berry because he spoke little English. Another neighbor, Charles Ramsey, joined Cordero at the house's front door during the rescue. A hole was kicked through the bottom of the storm door, and Berry crawled through, carrying her daughter; Ramsey said Berry told him that she and her child were being kept inside the house against her will. Upon being freed, she went to the house of another Spanish-speaking neighbor and called 9-1-1, saying, "Help me, I'm Amanda Berry ... I've been kidnapped, and I've been missing for 10 years. And I'm here. I'm free now."
Responding police officers entered Castro's house. As they walked through an upstairs hallway with guns drawn, they announced themselves as Cleveland police. After peeking out from a slightly opened bedroom door, Knight entered the hallway and leapt into an officer's arms, repeatedly saying, "You saved me." Soon afterward, DeJesus entered the hallway from another room. Knight and DeJesus walked out of the home, and all three women, plus the child, were taken to MetroHealth Medical Center. Berry and DeJesus were released from the hospital the next day. Knight was discharged on May 10.
Arrest and legal proceedings
Castro was arrested on May 6, 2013. On May 8, he was charged with four counts of kidnapping and three counts of rape, charges that carry prison sentences of 10 years to life in Ohio. Two of Castro's brothers were also initially taken into custody but were released on May 9 after police announced they had no involvement in the kidnappings.
On May 9, Castro made his first court appearance in Cleveland Municipal Court, where bail was set at $2 million per kidnapping charge, for a total of $8 million. Additional charges were reported to be pending, including aggravated murder (for intentional induction of miscarriages), attempted murder, assault, a charge for each alleged instance of rape, and a kidnapping charge for each day each captive was allegedly held. On May 14, Castro's attorneys said he would plead "not guilty" to all charges if indicted for kidnapping and rape.
On June 7, a Cuyahoga County grand jury returned a true bill of indictment against Castro. It contained 329 counts, including two counts of aggravated murder (under different sections of the Ohio criminal code) for his alleged role in the termination of one of the women's pregnancies. The indictments covered only the period from August 2002 to February 2007. The County Prosecutor, Timothy J. McGinty, stated that the investigation was ongoing and that any further findings would be presented to the grand jury. McGinty said that pursuing a death penalty specification would be considered following completion of indictment proceedings.
On June 12, after entering a not-guilty plea for Castro, one of Castro's attorneys, Craig Weintraub, said that although some of the charges against Castro were indisputable, "it is our hope that we can continue to work toward a resolution to avoid having an unnecessary trial about aggravated murder and the death penalty." He noted, "We are very sensitive to the emotional strain and impact that a trial would have on the women, their families and this community." Castro was found competent to stand trial on July 3.
On July 12, a Cuyahoga County grand jury returned a true bill of indictment for the remainder of the period, after February 2007. It brought the total to 977 counts: 512 counts of kidnapping, 446 of rape, seven of gross sexual imposition, six of felonious assault, three of child endangerment, two of aggravated murder, and one of possession of criminal tools. On July 17, Castro pled not guilty to the expanded indictment.
On July 26, 2013, Castro pleaded guilty to 937 of the 977 charges against him, including charges of kidnapping, rape, and aggravated murder, as part of a plea bargain which called for consecutive sentences of life in prison plus 1,000 years, both without parole. Under the plea deal, Castro gave up his right to appeal and could not profit in any way from his crimes. He also forfeited his assets, including his home, which prosecutors said would be demolished. Castro was asked by Cuyahoga County Common Pleas Court Judge Michael Russo, "You will not be getting out, is that clear?" to which Castro responded, "I do understand that, your honor." Castro also made comments about his "addiction to pornography" and "sexual problem," but was cut off by Judge Russo, who said such issues could be discussed at the August 1 sentencing hearing. A law firm representing Berry, DeJesus, and Knight released a statement that the three women were "relieved by today's plea. They are satisfied by this resolution to the case, and are looking forward to having these legal proceedings draw to a final close in the near future."
At the sentencing hearing on August 1, 2013, Castro was sentenced to life in prison, plus 1,000 years. He was also fined $100,000. The court forfeited all of his property and assets to the Cuyahoga County government.
Before his sentencing, Castro addressed the court for twenty minutes, in which he said he was "a good person" and "not a monster", but that he was addicted to sex and pornography, and had "practiced the art of masturbation" from a young age. He claimed that he had never beaten or tortured the women, and insisted that "most" of the sex he had with them "was consensual." He shifted between an apologetic tone and blaming the FBI for failing to catch him, as well as his victims themselves, insisting to the court that when he had sex with them he discovered they were not virgins. He would alternatively shift back into apologetic comments, saying: "I hope they can find in their hearts to forgive me because we had a lot of harmony going on in that home."
The court also heard from Knight and family members of Berry and DeJesus. Knight told Castro, "You took 11 years of my life away. I spent 11 years in hell, now your hell is just beginning. I will overcome all this that has happened, but you will face hell for eternity. I will live on, you will die a little every day as you think of the 11 years of atrocities that you inflicted on us...I can forgive you, but I will never forget."
On July 9, 2013, Knight, Berry, and DeJesus, broke their public silence for the first time since their rescue by releasing a video statement thanking the public for their support. An attorney for Berry and DeJesus said the women "still have a strong desire for privacy" and did not wish to speak to the media about their ordeal. The Cleveland Courage Fund, a bank account set up to help the women in their transition to independent life, had collected approximately $1.05 million at the time of the video's release. Before Berry's disappearance, her grandfather had promised to give her a classic Chevrolet Monte Carlo from the year Berry was born. He kept the car after her kidnapping, in case she was found alive. Following her rescue, Berry called her grandfather and asked if he still had the car, which he did, although it was in need of restoration from having gone unused. Several automotive shops offered to perform the restoration for free.
In an interview with People magazine on the first anniversary of her freedom, Knight discussed some of her ordeals as well as her life leading up to her abduction. Since her rescue, she legally changed her first name to Lily (later revealed in full as Lilly Rose Lee) and began to get several tattoos as her way of coping with the healing process. Knight also revealed that her son was adopted by his foster parents while she was in captivity, and that while she wants to see him, she doesn't want to bring him into the ordeal she has had to deal with, and plans to see him after he becomes an adult. Knight plans on opening a restaurant, wants to marry, and adopt children. Knight also plans on reuniting with Berry and DeJesus in the future, but is focusing on getting her own life on track at the present time.
As part of Castro's plea bargain, the house where he had held the women captive was demolished on August 7, 2013. Knight was present and handed out yellow balloons, which she said represented missing children, to the gathered crowd. The balloons were released before DeJesus' aunt began the demolition with a swing of a crane.
On the evening of September 3, 2013, one month into his life sentence, Castro was found hanging by a bedsheet in his cell at the Correctional Reception Center in the Pickaway Correctional Institution. Prison staff performed CPR on Castro before he was taken to the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center in Columbus, where he was pronounced dead shortly thereafter. The following day, Franklin County coroner Dr. Jan Gorniak announced that a preliminary autopsy had found the cause of Castro's death to be suicide by hanging.
On October 10, 2013, the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction briefly released a report that suggested Castro may have died accidentally from auto-erotic asphyxiation, rather than suicide. Gorniak rejected that possibility, standing by her ruling of suicide. The report also said two prison guards had falsified logs documenting their observation of Castro hours before he was found dead. Castro was not on suicide watch at the time of his death, but had been subject to routine checks every 30 minutes due to his notoriety.
A consultants' report was released on December 3, 2013, and officially concluded that "all available evidence pointed to suicide, including a shrine-like arrangement of family pictures and a Bible in Castro's cell, an increasing tone of frustration in his prison journal and the reality of spending the rest of his life in prison while subject to constant harassment". The Ohio State Highway Patrol also reviewed the case and reached the same conclusion.
- Ramsey, Charles (2014). Dead Giveaway: The Rescue, Hamburgers, White Folks, and Instant Celebrity...What You Saw on TV Doesn't Begin to Tell the Story... Cleveland: Gray & Company. ISBN 1938441516.
- Knight, Michelle; Burford, Michelle (2014). Finding Me: A Decade of Darkness, a Life Reclaimed: a Memoir of the Cleveland Kidnappings. New York: Weinstein Books. ISBN 1602862575.
- Glatt, John (2015). The Lost Girls: The True Story of the Cleveland Abductions and the Incredible Rescue of Michelle Knight, Amanda Berry, and Gina DeJesus. London: Macmillan. ISBN 1250036364.
- Berry, Amanda; DeJesus, Gina; Jordan, Mary; Sullivan, Kevin (2015). Hope: A Memoir of Survival in Cleveland. London: Penguin. ISBN 0698178955.
Michelle Knight "Survivor" Feat. Aaron D-Boyy Dissell
- Fritzl case
- Kidnapping of Colleen Stan
- Kidnapping of Jaycee Lee Dugard
- Michael J. Devlin
- Tanya Nicole Kach
- Natascha Kampusch
- Steven Stayner
- Satellite map images with missing or unclear data
- Caniglia, John; Blackwell, Brandon (May 9, 2013). "Cleveland city prosecutors charge Ariel Castro with kidnapping, rape in case of missing women" (news article posted to Cleveland.com). The Plain Dealer (Cleveland, OH: Cleveland Live LLC, Advance Publications). Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- Blackwell, Brandon; Krouse, Peter; Ewinger, James; Farkas, Karen; Miller, Donna J.; Galbincea, Pat (May 12, 2013). "Prosecutor to seek aggravated murder charges against Ariel Castro, citing what he said were terminated pregnancies among captive women" (news article posted to Cleveland.com). The Plain Dealer (Cleveland, OH: Cleveland Live LLC, Advance Publications). Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- Sheeran, Thomas; Coyne, John (May 7, 2013). "Police Facing Questions in 3 Women's Ohio Rescue". Associated Press. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Three US women missing for years rescued in Ohio". BBC. May 7, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Almasy, Steve; Smith, Matt (May 7, 2013). "911 call – 'I've been kidnapped!' – cops find three women missing for year". CNN. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Sherwell, Philip (May 7, 2013). "Ohio abductions: friendship between Ariel Castro's daughter and Gina DeJesus". The Daily Telegraph (London, England: Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- Perez, Alex (May 7, 2013). "Cleveland Kidnapping Suspect Ariel Castro Hid a Dark Side, His Uncle Says". ABC News. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Stanglin, Doug (July 26, 2013). "Ariel Castro pleads guilty in Ohio abductions". USA Today. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
- Muskal, Michael. "Ariel Castro gets life, no parole; victim says his hell awaits". latimes.com. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- "Cleveland Kidnapper Ariel Castro Dead After Found Hanging In Prison Cell". 10TV.com. September 4, 2013. Archived from the original on September 4, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- Welsh-Huggins, Andrew (December 3, 2013). "Consultants: Kidnapper Ariel Castro's death a suicide". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- "Request for High Bond" (PDF). Cleveland Municipal Court Clerk of Courts Office. May 8, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Creitz, Charlie (May 15, 2013). "Ariel Castro Relatives In Puerto Rico Say He Is 'Evil' And There Is 'Demon' Inside Him". Latin Times. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- Kelly, Dan; Urban, Mike (May 10, 2013). "Cleveland kidnap suspect's Berks County cousins: 'This animal' shocked us". The Morning Call. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- "Relatives Of Cleveland's Suspected Kidnappers Pioneered The City's Latino Community". Fox News Latino. May 8, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- O'Malley, Michael (May 8, 2013). "Castro family among first Hispanics to settle in Cleveland, coming from Puerto Rico just after World War II". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- "Amanda Berry, Gina DeJesus, Michelle Knight in Cleveland: Frequently asked questions". The Plain Dealer. May 9, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Smith, Matt; Botelho, Greg; Savidge, Martin (May 7, 2013). "'I never forgot about you': Families reunite with women held captive for years". CNN. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Leger, Donna Leinwand (May 13, 2013). "Details emerge on Cleveland kidnap suspect's history". USA Today. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
- Hui, Ann (May 9, 2013). "Who are the Castro brothers?". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Botelho, Greg; Smith, Matt; Brown, Pamela (May 9, 2013). "Ohio kidnapping case: Amanda Berry's baby delivered by another captive". CNN. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Ariel Castro's ex-wife's family allege two-decade campaign of violence". The Telegraph. May 13, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Alcindor, Yamiche; Leger, Donna Leinwand; Johnson, Kevin (May 7, 2013). "Reports of sex abuse, beatings inside Cleveland house". USA Today. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Terry, Allison (May 8, 2013). "Three brothers arrested: what's known so far about alleged Cleveland captors". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Regan, Ron (May 7, 2013). "Floor plans detail inside of Seymour Avenue home where 3 Cleveland women held captive for 10+ years". newsnet5.com. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Atassi, Leila (May 7, 2013). "Berry, DeJesus, Knight found alive, police source confirms". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Kent, Julie (May 6, 2013). "Ariel Castro Arrested as Suspect in Abduction and Disappearance of Three Cleveland Women". The Cleveland Leader. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Starzyk, Edith (May 7, 2013). "Ariel Castro fired as Cleveland school bus driver for leaving bus and going home "to rest"". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Sangiacomo, Michael (May 7, 2013). "Cleveland house where missing women held captive is in foreclosure". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Cleveland Kidnapper Ariel Castro". ABC News. August 7, 2013. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- Botelho, Greg (August 2, 2013). "Deception, threats and abuse: Captives' hellish life inside Castro's home". CNN. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
- Blackwell, Brandon (May 9, 2013). "Initial police report: Castro tempted women with rides, then abducted, beat and raped them". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Palmer, Kim, and Gray, Kevin (May 8, 2013). "Cleveland kidnapping victims endured decade of isolation, rape, beatings". Reuters. Retrieved May 13, 2013. Also published by the Chicago Tribune as "Cleveland kidnappings: Victims endured years of rape, isolation, beatings" at the Wayback Machine (archived May 9, 2013).
- Steer, Jen (May 6, 2013). "Cleveland police: Missing teens Amanda Berry and Gina DeJesus found alive, appear to be OK". newsnet5.com. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Key events in Ohio missing women case". Associated Press. May 7, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Welch, William (May 6, 2013). "3 brothers arrested as missing women found in Ohio". USA Today. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Harp, Carl (May 6, 2013). "Amanda Berry, Gina DeJesus & Michele Knight Recovered From Tremont Home, Multiple People Arrested". CBS Cleveland. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Atassi, Leila (May 7, 2013). "Michelle Knight's 'normal teenage life,' plagued by troubles in years before disappearance". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Questions still remain about Michelle Knight's disappearance". KPHO. May 7, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Eversley, Melanie; Alcindor, Yamiche (May 9, 2013). "Reports: Knight lived troubled life before abduction". USA Today. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Johnson, M. Alex (May 7, 2013). "Police acknowledge little focus on finding Michelle Knight, the third missing Cleveland woman". NBC News. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Atassi, Leila (May 9, 2013). "Michelle Knight, held captive since 2002, removed by Cleveland police from FBI database 15 months after disappearance". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Profile: Amanda Berry, Georgina DeJesus and Michele Knight". BBC. May 7, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Guevara, Damian; Caniglia, John (November 15, 2003). "Amanda Berry's cell phone used a week after she went missing". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Gray, Madison (May 7, 2013). "Found: Timeline of Ohio Women Missing Since 2002". Time. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Brown, Doug (July 19, 2012). "Search continues for Amanda Berry's body on West Side of Cleveland". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Amanda Berry". America's Most Wanted. May 6, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Amanda Berry's mother asks Psychic Sylvia Browne 'Is she out there'". WKYC. November 18, 2004. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Goldman, Russell; Dolak, Kevin; Muir, David; Castellano, Anthony (May 7, 2013). "Kidnap Victim Amanda Berry Hailed as 'Real Hero' in Rescue of Three Women". ABC News. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Senger, Emily (May 7, 2013). "Psychic on The Montel Williams Show said Amanda Berry was dead. She wasn't.". Maclean's. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "The Abductions of Amanda Berry, Gina DeJesus & Ashley Summers". Oprah.com. October 12, 2009. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Hudak, Stephen (November 18, 2004). "Amanda Berry is dead, psychic tells her mother on Montel Williams' show". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Guevara, Damian G. (March 3, 2006). "Amanda Berry's mother, Louwana Miller, dies without the answers she's sought for 3 years". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Sieczkowski, Cavan (May 8, 2013). "Psychic Sylvia Browne Told Amanda Berry's Mother Her Daughter Was Dead In 2004". The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Swaine, Jon (May 9, 2013). "Ohio kidnappings: Michelle Knight forced to deliver Amanda Berry's baby on Christmas Day". The Telegraph. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Ariel Castro is father of Amanda Berry's child, state DNA results say". The Plain Dealer. May 10, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Meyer, Tom (May 10, 2013). "Investigator: Ariel Castro says he's "cold blooded"". WKYC. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Sheeran, Thomas J., and Coyne, John (May 7, 2013). "3 missing women found in Ohio, 3 brothers arrested". Associated Press. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- "Ohio inmate Robert Wolford gets 4 years in false Amanda Berry search tip". newsnet5.com. Associated Press. January 16, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Zicari, Peter (April 1, 2008). "Six long days, Gina still missing Parents, police, city officials focus on case at community meeting". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Dissell, Rachel (May 7, 2013). "Suspect's daughter said in 2004 she was the last to see Gina DeJesus". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Kumar, Nikhil; Usborne, David (May 8, 2013). "Cleveland kidnapping: Son reveals his father padlocked doors to basement because 'we weren't allowed to go there'". The Independent. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Swaine, Jon (2013-05-09). "Ohio abductions: FBI photofit with likeness to suspect Ariel Castro held for seven years as police say he acted alone". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- "Printout: FBI releases sketch of Gina DeJesus' alleged kidnapper". WKYC. April 15, 2005. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "FBI had sketch of suspect but missed the connection". The New Zealand Herald. May 10, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Gina DeJesus". America's Most Wanted. May 6, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Extended: Interview with Family of kidnapping victim Gina DeJesus". Global News. May 8, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Charges against Castro brothers expected soon". WOIO. May 8, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Gomez, Henry J. (May 9, 2013). "Castro family connections to Gina DeJesus and Amanda Berry investigations go back years". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Castro, Ariel (June 2004). "Gina DeJesus' disappearance has changed her neighborhood". Plain Press. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Shookman, Sara (May 7, 2013). "Suspect's son wrote article about missing Ohio teen". USA Today. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Baird, Gabriel (April 1, 2008). "New search for Gina DeJesus comes up empty Family's day is filled with anxiety, relief". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Miller, Donna J. (April 2, 2012). "Vigil today for Gina DeJesus, missing for eight years". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Krouse, Peter (July 31, 2013). "Ariel Castro sentencing memorandum filed by prosecutors". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
- "Michelle Knight told cops Ariel Castro threatened to kill her if Amanda Berry's baby died". CBS News. May 9, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Michelle Knight needs "facial reconstruction" after Cleveland rescue, grandmother says". CBS News. May 10, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Ariel Castro Used Barbell To Force Miscarriage: Michelle Knight". The Huffington Post.
- Caniglia, John (May 8, 2013). "Authorities say daughter of Amanda Berry born in inflatable pool". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Blackwell, Brandon (May 9, 2013). "Police report: Michelle Knight revived Amanda Berry's baby just after birth". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Webb, Robin (May 8, 2013). "Latest revelations in Ohio captivity case". USA Today. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Gomez, Henry J. (May 13, 2013). "The rescue of Amanda Berry, Gina DeJesus and Michelle Knight: 30 minutes that ended a decade of nightmares". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Segall, Laura; Fink, Erica; Brumfield, Ben (May 10, 2013). "'He is dead to me,' daughter of Ohio suspect says in CNN exclusive". CNN. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Levs, Josh (May 8, 2013). "Police deny neighbors called about suspicious activity at Castro home". CNN. Retrieved May 13, 2013. Also published by WHNT as "Ariel Castro Charged with Kidnapping, Rape; Brothers Pedro and Onil Released".
- Washington, Jesse (May 7, 2013). "In Ohio neighborhood, suspect was familiar figure". Associated Press. Retrieved May 13, 2013. Also published by NewsNet5.com (WEWS-TV) as "Family friend: Kidnapping suspect Ariel Castro was friends with Gina DeJesus' father, helped search"
- Hutchinson, Bill (May 7, 2013). "Main Cleveland kidnapping suspect's son says dad recently asked him whether one of the victims would be found". New York Daily News. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Meyer, Tom (May 10, 2013). "Ariel Castro to cops: 'I'm coldblooded'". USA Today. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Investigator: Inside Ariel Castro's interrogation". WKYC. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- "Cleveland rescue: The mystery of 2207 Seymour Avenue". BBC. May 10, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- McClam, Erin (May 9, 2013). "Cleveland man charged with kidnapping, rape; no charges for 2 brothers". NBC News. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Martinez, Michael (May 13, 2013). "As Ohio women remained in captivity, alleged abductor's life crumbled". CNN. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- Alcindor, Yamiche; Leger, Donna Leinwand; Strauss, Gary (May 9, 2013). "Ariel Castro charged with kidnapping, rape of 3 Cleveland women". USA Today. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- Mahoney, Jill (May 10, 2013). "Death penalty possible for alleged Cleveland kidnapper, prosecutor says". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- Dolan, Matthew; Barrett, Joe; El-Ghobashy, Tamer; Maher, Kris (May 9, 2013). "Charges Filed in Abduction of Ohio Women". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- Meyer, Tom (May 9, 2013). "Investigator: Amanda Berry delivered baby in plastic pool". WKYC. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- Levin, Josh (May 8, 2013). "Nobody's Praising Angel Cordero, the Less-Flamboyant Neighbor Who Also Helped Free Amanda Berry". Slate. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Anderson Cooper interview with Charles Ramsey". CNN. May 7, 2013. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- Alcindor, Yamiche; Bacon, John (May 8, 2013). "2 freed women return home; 3rd still in hospital". USA Today. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Walsh, Michael (May 11, 2013). "Cleveland captive Michelle Knight leaves hospital without telling family". New York Daily News. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "2971.03 Sentencing for sexually violent predator specification". LAWriter – ORC. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- "Ohio suspect's brothers released from custody". Yahoo!. Associated Press. May 9, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Muskal, Michael (May 9, 2013). "Ariel Castro's bail set at $8 million in Cleveland abduction case". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
- Markon, Jerry; Wilgoren, Debbi (May 9, 2013). "Cleveland man accused of kidnapping, raping 3 women held on $8 million bond". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
- Leger, Donna Leinwand; Strauss, Gary (May 10, 2013). "Prosecutor: Ariel Castro could face death penalty". USA Today. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Meyer, Tom (May 14, 2013). "Investigator: Castro loves daughter, will plead 'not guilty'". WKYC. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- "Cleveland kidnap accused Castro to plead innocent – lawyers". BBC. May 15, 2013. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- Palmer, Kim (May 15, 2013). "Accused Cleveland kidnapper plans to plead not guilty: lawyer". Reuters. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
- McCarty, James F. (June 7, 2013). "Ariel Castro indicted on aggravated murder, rape, kidnapping charges". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- Palmer, Kim (June 8, 2013). "Ohio grand jury indicts man accused of kidnapping Cleveland women". Reuters. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
- Pearce, Matt (June 12, 2013). "Ariel Castro's lawyer: Some kidnap charges 'cannot be disputed'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- "Accused Cleveland kidnapper ruled capable of standing trial". CNN. July 3, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- "Cleveland kidnapping suspect now faces 977 counts". CNN. July 13, 2013. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
- Sheeran, Thomas J. (July 17, 2013). "Ohio kidnapping, rape suspect pleads not guilty". Associated Press. Retrieved October 4, 2013.
- Krouse, Peter (July 26, 2013). "Ariel Castro agrees to plea deal: Life in prison, no parole, plus 1,000 years for abduction, rapes of Amanda Berry, Gina DeJesus and Michelle Knight". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
- "Ariel Castro to serve life in prison under plea deal". BBC News. July 26, 2013. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
- "Judge sends Ariel Castro to prison for abduction, rape of Amanda Berry, Gina DeJesus and Michelle Knight (slideshow)". The Plain Dealer. August 1, 2013. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
- "Ariel Castro spoke for 20 minutes in court, read what he said here". WKYC. August 1, 2013. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
- Caniglia, John (July 9, 2013). "New video: Amanda Berry, Gina DeJesus and Michelle Knight, Cleveland's 3 missing women, thank you for your support". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved July 9, 2013.
- Steer, Jen (July 9, 2013). "TRANSCRIPT: Cleveland kidnapping victims say thank you for support". newsnet5.com. Retrieved July 9, 2013.
- Kiesel, Connor (May 13, 2013). "Amanda Berry's grandfather keeps 1986 Monte Carlo he promised before she went missing". Newsnet5.com. Retrieved July 9, 2013.
- Morabito, Nate (April 17, 2013). "Amanda Berry and grandfather reunite". WJHL. Retrieved July 9, 2013.
- Feran, Tom (March 14, 2015). "Michelle Knight conquers her fears after 'dangling in the wind'". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
Knight has changed her own name legally to Lilly Rose Lee, reflecting her new life and love of flowers, but she uses her better-known birth name in public appearances.
- "Cleveland Kidnapping Victim Michelle Knight Tells Her Story of Torture and Triumph". People.com. May 9, 2014. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
- Kemp, Joe (August 7, 2013). "Cleveland house of horrors destroyed — demolition crews tear down Ariel Castro's home". NY Daily News. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- Ng, Christina (August 7, 2013). "Cleveland Kidnapper Ariel Castro's 'House of Horrors' Demolished". ABC News. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- Seitz, Colleen (August 7, 2013). "Michelle Knight held captive for decade by Ariel Castro hands out yellow balloons on Seymour Avenue". newsnet5.com. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- Sheeran, Thomas J.; Welsh-Huggins, Andrew (September 4, 2013). "Cleveland man's suicide brings little sympathy". Associated Press. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- Woods, Jim (September 4, 2013). "Ariel Castro dies in apparent suicide". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- Mungin, Lateef; Alsup, Dave (September 4, 2013). "Ariel Castro, Cleveland kidnapper, found hanged in prison cell". CNN. Archived from the original on September 4, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- Eversley, Melanie (4 September 2013). "The Ohio kidnapper was not on suicide watch, but was checked on every 30 minutes by guards.". USA Today. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
- "Castro suicide report: Officers falsified reports". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- Cleveland Abduction at the Internet Movie Database
- "Cleveland Abduction". Lifetime. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
- Stockly, Ed (May 1, 2015). "Saturday's TV Highlights and Weekend Talk: 'Cleveland Abduction'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 4, 2015.
- Possible Lead in Case of Missing Ohio Girl, FBI
- A round-up of key locations in the disappearances of Amanda Berry, Michelle Knight, and Gina DeJesus
- Cleveland Kidnappings Information Aggregation: www.clevelandkidnappings.com
- Cleveland Courage Fund: clevelandcourage.org