Kyiv-Pasazhyrskyi railway station

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Kyiv-Pasazhyrskyi
Southwestern Railway terminal
ЧС4-174, Украина, Киев, станция Киев-Пассажирский (Trainpix 147805).jpg
General information
LocationVokzalna Ploshcha, Kyiv, Ukraine
Coordinates50°26′26″N 30°29′22″E / 50.44056°N 30.48944°E / 50.44056; 30.48944Coordinates: 50°26′26″N 30°29′22″E / 50.44056°N 30.48944°E / 50.44056; 30.48944
Owned byUkrzaliznytsia
Platforms7
Tracks14
Connectionstram, light rail, metro (Vokzalna Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska Line Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska Line)
Construction
Structure typeAt-grade
ParkingYes
Other information
Station code320308
History
Opened1870
Rebuilt1932, 2001
Electrified1950
Services
Preceding station   Ukrzaliznytsia   Following station
Karavaevi Dachi   Southwestern Railways   Kyiv-Tovarna
    Protasiv Yar
Terminus   Kyiv Boryspil Express   Vydubychi
Preceding station   Kyivpastrans   Following station
Karavaevi Dachi   Kyiv Urban Rail   Protasiv Yar

Kyiv-Pasazhyrskyi (Kyiv-Passenger, Ukrainian: Київ-Пасажирський) is a railway station in the capital of Ukraine, Kyiv. The station is a railway hub consisting of several railroad station buildings, along with its own repair facilities the Kyiv Electric Railcar Repair Shop, a railway depot with railyard, and integrated into a cityscape the railway sports complex. The station is part of the so-called Kyiv Southern Railway loop.

Serving more than 170,000 passengers per day (as of 2005), the complex contains several buildings. The Central and Southern (Pivdennyi) Station buildings are located on both sides of the tracks used by long-distance trains, connected with an overpass leading the station platform. They serve international trains, most Ukrzaliznytsia passenger trains, some suburban trains, and the Kyiv Boryspil Express to the Boryspil International Airport. Adjacent to the Central building is the Suburban (Prymiskyi) station building which serves short-distance service (elektrichka) for suburbs (including dacha areas), minor city stations, and nearby regions as well as the Kyivpastrans' urban rail passing through the Northern (Pivnichna) railway stop.

The Kyiv Metro station Vokzalna of the Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska Line adjoins the complex, constituting the station's main intersection with city transport. The Kyiv tram station Starovokzalna (the terminal of Kyiv's Right-Bank high-speed tram line) is also adjacent via a passageway.

History and architecture[edit]

The old Kyiv railroad station was constructed from 1868 to 1870, as a part of Kyiv-Balta and Kyiv-Kursk railroad constructions, which were also completed in 1870. The station was located in a valley of Lybid’ river, replacing soldiers' and gendarmes' settlements. The two-floor brick station building of Old English Gothic style was by the architect М. V. Vyshnevetskyi.[1]

The current Central Station building was constructed in 1927-1932 and designed by O. Verbytskyi. It was built in the style of Ukrainian Baroque with some elements of Constructivism. The Central Station building is designated as the Landmark of Architecture, numbered 193. The equipment and interior of the hall of deputies of the Supreme Council at the station was made by the architect Irma Karakis.[2]

In 2001, the building was restored to roughly its original state. In the same year, the new modern "Southern Station" building was erected at the opposite side of Central Station's sixteen tracks, being in reality not a separate station but merely another large entrance way to the Central Station, with new ticket windows and linked by a hallway above the track accesses. Both buildings are connected with an overpass for passengers. The renovation project also included two large underground parking structures, one of which remains uncompleted to date. The construction of the southern station building was done on the efforts of Heorhiy Kirpa.

Name disambiguation[edit]

Officially, Kyiv-Pasazhyrskyi railway station is regarded as the whole huge complex of passenger terminals, railways, depots etc. with respective personnel. Practically, such installations in post-Soviet countries are widely known as railroad vokzals, which means the building(s) and services immediately serving passengers for various types of transport. The official name Kyiv-Pasazhyrskyi is not used colloquially, appearing only in tickets, schedules etc. By the same token, the locally popular terms "Central Station" and "Southern Station" do not appear in such technical literature, as for internal purposes they are treated as the same location.[3]

The name Kyiv-Pasazhyrskyi (literally Kyiv Passenger) is also used to differentiate it from other railway stations across the city such as Kyiv-Volynsky, Kyiv-Demiivskii, Kyiv-Tovarny, others.

Development plans[edit]

Currently, the station is severely overloaded with suburban traffic, intercity traffic (especially during the height of winter and summer holidays), and also subway traffic (in daily rush hours). Relief plans include:

Trains and destinations[edit]

International Routes[edit]

Train number Destination Operated by
005Я/006К Russia Moscow (Kiyevsky) Ukraine Ukrainian Railways
023М/024Ш Russia Moscow (Kiyevsky)
Ukraine Odessa
Ukraine Ukrainian Railways
031К/031Р Latvia Riga Belarus Belarusian Railways
Ukraine Ukrainian Railways
047Щ/047Ь
065М/066Щ
341Ф/341Ь
Russia Moscow (Kiyevsky)
Moldova Chișinău
Moldova Moldovan Railways
053А/054К Russia Saint Petersburg (Vitebsky) Ukraine Ukrainian Railways
067К/068Л Poland Warsaw (Centralna) Ukraine Ukrainian Railways
073А/074Л Russia Moscow (Kiyevsky)
Ukraine Lviv
Ukraine Ukrainian Railways
081Д/8862 Slovakia Košice Ukraine Ukrainian Railways
086Б/086К Belarus Minsk Belarus Belarusian Railways
094Б/094Ш Belarus Minsk
Ukraine Odessa
Ukraine Ukrainian Railways
117П/380Л Romania Bucharest (North) Ukraine Ukrainian Railways
369Щ/370К Azerbaijan Baku Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Railways
705К/705Л
715К/715Л
Poland Przemyśl Ukraine Ukrainian Railways
749Д/6302 Poland Wrocław Poland PKP
Ukraine Ukrainian Railways
40147/40749 Austria Vienna (Hauptbahnhof) Austria ÖBB

Photos[edit]

See also[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "The Capital's Railway Station". Southwestern Railways of Ukraine. Retrieved April 12, 2006.
  2. ^ Юнаков 2016, p. 40.
  3. ^ "CIS Train Schedule". Railsoft,Inc. Retrieved February 22, 2010.
  4. ^ "У столиці подовжать Борщагівську лінію швидкісного трамвая та реконструюють Вокзальну площу". Офіційний портал Києва.

Bibliography[edit]

Юнаков, О. (2016). Архитектор Иосиф Каракис. Алмаз. ISBN 978-1-68082-000-3.

External links[edit]