Kii Ōshima

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Kii Ōshima
Native name: 紀伊大島
Kii Ōshima is located in Japan
Kii Ōshima
Kii Ōshima
Geography
Location Cape Shionomisaki
Area 9.68 km2 (3.74 sq mi)
Length 2.5 km (1.55 mi)
Width 8 km (5 mi)
Coastline 26 km (16.2 mi)
Highest point Omoriyama
Administration
Japan
Demographics
Population ~2,000

Kii Ōshima (紀伊大島) is an island lying 1.8 square kilometres (0.69 sq mi)[verification needed] off Cape Shionomisaki, the tip of the Kii Peninsula and the southernmost point of Honshū, Japan. It falls under the administration of the town of Kushimoto in Wakayama Prefecture. About 2000 people live on Kii Ōshima.

The island has an area of 9.68 square kilometres (3.74 sq mi) and measures 26 kilometres (16 mi) around. Its east-west extent is 8 kilometres (5.0 mi), and its north-south extent is 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi).[1]

A series of three arch bridges connects Kii Ōshima to Honshū. The road over the bridges opened to through traffic on September 8, 1999.[2]

The Japan-U.S. Friendship Memorial Hall on the island commemorates the visit of the trade vessels Lady Washington, under Captain John Kendrick, and Grace, under William Douglas, in 1791. These ships and their crews were the first to visit Japan from the young nation.[1]

The Kushimoto Turkish Memorial and Museum commemorates the victims of the sunken Ottoman frigate Ertuğrul. [3]

The town of Kushimoto operates the two schools on the island. They are Ōshima Elementary School and Ōshima Middle School.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ritō Sentā, Nihon (2004). 日本離島センター (Dai 2-han. ed.). Tōkyō: Nihon Ritō Sentā. ISBN 4-931230-22-9.  (in Japanese)
  2. ^ "Kushimoto Town Tourism Association - Oshima-Island". www.kankou-kushimoto.jp. Retrieved 8 November 2016. 
  3. ^ "特別展示 日本とトルコ ―国交樹立90年― 展示史料解説" (PDF). Ministry of Foreign Affairs. p. 12. Retrieved 8 November 2016.  (in Japanese)
  4. ^ "串本町立大島中学校". www.za.ztv.ne.jp. Retrieved 8 November 2016.  (in Japanese)

Coordinates: 33°28′05″N 135°49′41″E / 33.46806°N 135.82806°E / 33.46806; 135.82806