Kikuyu, Kenya

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This article is about the town. For other uses, see Kikuyu (disambiguation).
Town Council
Kikuyu in 2009
Kikuyu in 2009
Kikuyu is located in Kenya
Location in Kenya
Coordinates: 1°15′S 36°40′E / 1.250°S 36.667°E / -1.250; 36.667
Country  Kenya
County Kiambu County
Population (2009)
 • Total 233,231 [1]
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Kikuyu is one of the indigenous towns which grew from the settlement of the colonialist missionaries and the presence of a rail Station. Some of the residents of the area till to date still refer to the town as Shesheni a term coined from the word Station meaning the Railway Station. It is within the County of Kiambu and one of the regions registering fast growth. The town is located about 20 km (12 mi) northwest of central Nairobi, the capital of Kenya. Kikuyu hosts a Sub-County Administation which is the administrative division in Kiambu County. In addition, the town also hosts a Magistrate court, Police Station, Sub county Commissioner, Constituency Office, Ministerial department offices like Agriculture, Immigrations and Registration of Persons, Health, Lands and Gender among others. It is about 20 minutes from Nairobi via a number of routes, including a dual carriage road, and it has a railway station on the Mombasa - Malaba Railway Line. With the recent construction and completion of the Southern Bypass that Connects Mombasa road to Nairobi Naivasha Highway at Gitaru Via Kikuyu, the town is poised for greater growth by the fact that its the only town that is on the Bypass. Transport to the capital and other places is available in form of matatus, minibuses and trains. Many institutions have developed in this town, including a major eye unit hospital, a Christian university, and many primary and secondary schools. Recreational facilities and accommodations include Sigona Golf Club, the Wida Highway Motel, Kari Holiday Retreat Center, and the PCEA Lay Training Center. It has developed into an industrial town that boasts many factories that range from the metallic to the medical sector.

The town is named after Kĩkũyũ people, the major ethnicity that has settled in the area. As of 2009 the total population is 233,231.[2] Due to its geology and rich soil texture, there is much livestock and crop farming. In 2009 the population had grown to 190,208 people.[3]

The town has some British colonial history links like the Right Reverend Musa Gitau (Swahili for Moses Gitau), an African believer in democracy who led among the first Christian faithful during colonial times. He lived and worked in the town as a reverend and in his honor two schools were named after him.

An interdenominational missionary conference held in Kikuyu in June 1913 provoked the so-called Kikuyu controversy, which briefly roiled the Anglican churches from December 1913 to February 1914.


Historical Sites[edit]

  • There are several historical sites within the town, such as the underground caves dug by Indian coollies when constructing the Kenya-Uganda railway. These caves are found just below the town under the railway facing Magana farm. Other sites include the graves of two explorers who were killed by lions in the 19th century at Kanyariri, a few meters from where Fort Smith was situated; the Undiri swamp a stone's throw from the town's CBD; the Anglican Mothers Church at Kabete; and the PCEA Church of the torch, the first building at Thogoto.

See also[edit]

  • Kabete, a town in the Kikuyu division