Kilburn, North Yorkshire

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Kilburn
Cottages in Kilburn - geograph.org.uk - 401512.jpg
Cottages in Kilburn
Kilburn is located in North Yorkshire
Kilburn
Kilburn
Kilburn shown within North Yorkshire
Population 227 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference SE512797
• London 190 mi (310 km) SSE
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town YORK
Postcode district YO61
Dialling code 01347
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°12′36″N 1°12′50″W / 54.210°N 1.214°W / 54.210; -1.214Coordinates: 54°12′36″N 1°12′50″W / 54.210°N 1.214°W / 54.210; -1.214

Kilburn is a village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England. It lies on the edge of the North York Moors National Park, and 6.2 miles (10.0 km) north of Easingwold.

History[edit]

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as "Chileburne" in the Yalestre hundred. At the time of the Norman invasion the lord of the manor was Arnketil, but was subsequently granted to Hugh, son of Baldric. [2] During the reign of Henry I the manor was passed to Rouen Cathedral in Normandy and subsequently to Roger de Mowbray who passed the lands to the Colvilles. In return for receiving these lands, Thomas de Colville had to swear allegiance to Roger de Mowbray. [3] The Colvilles held the manor until 1405 when the eighth Thomas Colville was murdered outside York and died without male heirs. [4] The lands were held by the Archbishop of York after the dissolution of the monasteries in the 16th century.[5]

Kilburn was historically a township and parish in the wapentake of Birdforth in the North Riding of Yorkshire. After 1837 it was part of the Thirsk and Helmsley Poor Law Unions. The parish, which covered 5,900 acres (24 km2) acres, comprised Kilburn, Oldstead, Thorpe-le-Willows, and Wass, of which Kilburn had the largest population.[6] The etymology of the name comes form two Old English words, ciele & burna, meaning "cool stream".[7]

Robert de Alneto, a monk from Whitby Abbey lived in a hermitage at Hood Grange, 2 miles (3 km) from the village. In 1138 Robert de Mowbray converted it into a Cistercian abbey, which later moved to Old Byland and subsequently moved again to Byland.[6]

Governance[edit]

The village lies within the Thirsk and Malton UK Parliament constituency. It also lies within the Stillington, North Yorkshire electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the White Horse ward of Hambleton District Council.[8] The local Parish Council has five members.[9]

Geography[edit]

The village consists of High Kilburn the former situated on a hillside and Low Kilburn in the valley on the banks of a stream. It lies about 7 miles (11 km) east from Thirsk. The nearest settlements are Wass 2.6 miles (4.2 km) to the east; Coxwold 2 miles (3 km) to the south-east; Carlton Husthwaite 1.9 miles (3 km) to the south-west and Thirkleby 2.3 miles (3.7 km) to the west.[8] There was a sandstone-quarry at Hood Hill.[6]

The 1881 UK Census recorded the population as 387.[5] The 2001 UK Census recorded the population as 180, of which 162 were over sixteen years old and 84 of those were in employment. There were 105 dwellings of which 73 were detached.[10] There are a total of 18 Grade II listed buildings in the area.[11]

The village is known for the White Horse. The White Horse is a figure cut into the hillside to the north of the village, and visible for many miles around on a clear day.[12]

Religion[edit]

St Mary's Church, Kilburn

There is a church in the village dedicated to St Mary. The Grade II* listed building was erected in the early 12th century and underwent restoration in 1869.[13]

A Wesleyan chapel was built in the village in 1838.[5]

Notable people[edit]

Robert Thompson, whose trade-name was "the Mouseman", lived in the village. He manufactured furniture in English oak mainly for church use. His work is distinguished by a carving of a mouse somewhere on the piece. Examples can be seen on the wooden candlesticks in Westminster Abbey. These pieces were commissioned directly by the widow of the captain of HMS Barham as a memorial to the lost ship and her crew.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil parish population 2011". Retrieved 2 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Kilburn in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  3. ^ Yearsley: A Genealogical Story Part 1: The Early Years
  4. ^ Yearsley: A Genealogical Story Part 1: The Early Years
  5. ^ a b c Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. p. 726. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  6. ^ a b c Lewis, Samuel (1848). Kilburn (St. Mary). A Topographical Dictionary of England. British History Online. pp. 667–672. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  7. ^ "Etymology". Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  8. ^ a b Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  9. ^ "Parish Council". Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  10. ^ "2001 UK Census". Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  11. ^ "Listed Buildings". Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  12. ^ Photo and brief details
  13. ^ ""Church of St Mary, Kilburn High and Low"". Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  14. ^ Thompson Cartwright, Ian (2014). "Newsltter No 10" (PDF). Ion River. Ian Thompson Cartwright. p. 4. Retrieved 3 December 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Kilburn, North Yorkshire at Wikimedia Commons