Kilchoman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kilchoman Cross

Kilchoman (/kɪlˈxɒmən/ kil-KHOM-ən or /kɪlˈhɒmən/ kil-HOM-ən; Scottish Gaelic: Cill Chomain, pronounced [kʲiːLʲ xɔmɛNʲ]) is a small settlement and large parish on the Scottish island of Islay, within the unitary council of Argyll and Bute.

Settlement[edit]

Ruined parish church

The settlement of Kilchoman consists of a small number of houses gathered around the 19th century church, a short way above the beach and dunes of Machir Bay. The site is ancient, dating back to the early Christianization of the Argyll seaboard.[1] The church ceased use as a place of worship in 1977.[2] The burial ground enclosing the church contains many medieval and renaissance sculptures, and notable high cross, the Kilchoman Cross, dating from the 14th or 15th century. The sculptor of the cross belonged to the Iona School.[3]

Close to the settlement is another cemetery, the Kilchoman Military Cemetery, maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. This contains the remains of victims of the sinking of HMS Otranto in 1918.

A short distance east is Kilchoman Distillery.

Choughs breed in the area of farmland around the settlement, and the south shores of Loch Gorm,[4] representing around 10% of the population of this vulnerable bird in the British Isles.[5]

Parish of Kilchoman[edit]

Loch Gorm in the central part of the parish

The parish covers the west part of Islay, covering the Rhinns of Islay, and the area around and north of Loch Gorm, and bounded to the east by Loch Gruinart and Loch Indaal totalling around 100 square miles (250 km2).[6] It thus includes the settlements of Port Charlotte, Bruichladdich, Ardnave and Portnahaven.

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 55°46′55″N 6°26′30″W / 55.7819°N 6.4417°W / 55.7819; -6.4417